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# Present perfect versus present perfect continuous

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Present Perfect v/s Present Perfect Continuous presentation and exercises

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### Present perfect versus present perfect continuous

1. 1. PRESENT PERFECT versus PRESENT PERFECT CONTINUOUS
2. 2. PRESENT PERFECT We use the Present Perfect Simple mainly to express that an action is completed or to emphasize the result or to indicate that action has not changedI HAVE READ A BOOKTODAY I HAVE READ TEN BOOKSHE HAS GONE TO CANADAResult (what / how much / how often)I have written 5 letters. I have been to London twice.
3. 3. PRESENT PERFECT CONTINOUS We use the Present Perfect Continuous to emphasize the duration or continuous course of an action.I HAVE BEEN READING A BOOK To indicate the duration of an action that started in the pastI HAVE BEEN PLAYING TENNIS FOR TWO HOURS If we use this tense it means that the duration of the action is long Duration (how long)I have been writing for an hour.
4. 4. COMPARISON BETWEEN PRESENT PERFECT AND PRESENT PERFECT CONTINUOUS Emphasis on completionSHE HAS DONE HER HOMEWORK (Meaning: Her homework is completed now.) Emphasis on durationSHE HAS BEEN DOING HER HOMEWORK Meaning: Thats how she has spent her time. It does not matter whether the homework is completed now.)
5. 5. COMPARISON BETWEEN PRESENT PERFECT AND PRESENT PERFECT CONTINUOUS desired resultI have washed the car.(Result: The car is clean now). unwanted side effectWhy are you so wet? - I have been washing the car. (side effect: I became wet when I was washing the car. It does not matter whether the car is clean now.)
6. 6. COMPARISON BETWEEN PRESENT PERFECT AND PRESENT PERFECT CONTINUOUS*to express how much time has past since the last time theaction took place since the last time I havent played that game for years. (Meaning: Its years ago that I last played that game.)* To express how much time has past since the beginning ofthe action I havent been playing that game for an hour, only for 10 minutes. (Meaning: Its not even an hour ago that I started to play that game.)
7. 7. CHOOSE :PRESENT PERFECT ORPRESENT PERFECT CONTINUOUS1) This evening I ________ two letters to my parents (to write)2) My daughter ________ letters to her friends for hours (to write)3) Today Lucy ________ her boyfriend three times (to phone)4) My friends ________ around Italy for five months (to travel)5) I ________ to music all evening (to listen)6) I ________ English since I was a child (to learn)
8. 8. 1) Why are you so dirty? I ________ in the garden (to work)2) I ________ to Malaga for three days with my in-laws (to be)3) I ________ my homework. Now I am going to rest (to finish)4) My brother ________ TV for three hours (to watch)5) John ________ since 3 oclock (to study)6) The fatal accident just ________. The police havent arrived yet (to happen)
9. 9.  1) ________ you my watch? I have just lost it (to see) 2) Emma is very tired; she ________ all day (to work) 3)What weather! It ________ since yesterday (to rain) 4) This week my team ________ one match (to win) 5) The police ________ the murderer (to arrest)