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Chapter 2B- Plural of nouns and articles
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Chapter 2B- Plural of nouns and articles

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  • 1. Page 110 Realidades 1 Nouns
  • 2. NOUNS
    • Nouns refer to people, animals, places, and things.
  • 3. NOUNS
    • In Spanish, nouns have gender. They are either masculine or feminine.
  • 4. Masculine / Feminine
    • Most nouns that end in -o are masculine.
  • 5. Masculine / Feminine
    • Most nouns that end in -a are feminine.
  • 6. Masculine / Feminine
    • For example:
    • el libr o
    • la calculador a
    • An exception: el dí a
  • 7. Other Spanish Nouns
    • Other Spanish nouns end in -e or a consonant .
  • 8. Other Spanish Nouns
    • For example:
    • el cin e el marcado r
    • la clas e la televisió n
  • 9. Other Spanish Nouns
    • Some can be both masculine and feminine: el/la estudiante
  • 10. Making Nouns Plural
    • To make nouns plural you usually add - s to words ending in a vowel and - es to words ending in a consonant.
    • silla silla s
    • teclado teclado s
    • cartel cartel es
  • 11. Making Nouns Plural
    • Singular nouns that end in z change the z to c in the plural.
    • El lápiz los lápices
  • 12. Definite Articles
    • El , La , Los and Las are called definite articles.
    • In English they mean “the”
  • 13. Definite Articles
    • We use El and Los with masculine nouns and La and Las with feminine nouns.
  • 14. Indefinite Articles
    • Un , Una , Unos , and Unas are indefinite articles.
  • 15. Indefinite Articles
    • Un and Una mean
    • “ a or an” in English.
  • 16. Indefinite Articles
    • Unos and Unas mean “some” in English.
  • 17. Indefinite Articles
    • Un and Unos are masculine and Una and Unas are feminine.
  • 18. It’s a good idea to learn a noun with its definite article, el or la , because that will usually tell you the gender.

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