What was WWII?• 1939-1945• 61 countries were involved• 72,000,000 deaths
Why did WWII start?• After WWI, Germany had to give up land and their armed forces• Germans elected Adolf Hitler (Nazi party) as Chancellor in 1933• Hitler promised to make Germany a great country again
Who was Hitler?• Absolute ruler of Germany from 1933 until 1945• Responsible for Germany’s military decisions• Responsible for the restrictions placed on Jews• Responsible for the treatment of Jews in the
Why did Hitler dislike Jews?• Hitler saw the world in terms of race.• He believed that all of the different races were in competition to world domination.• Hitler thought the superior race were those with fair skin, blue eyes, and blonde hair (Aryan race).
Leaving Germany• Jews began to leave Germany because of the persecution they were facing.
(Greek) Sacrifice by fire.The systematic, state-sponsored persecution andmurder of Jews by the Nazi regime and theircollaborators.
Ghettos• Jews were forced to leave their homes and live in ghettos – ghetto (n.) : a part of a city predominantly occupied by a particular ethnic group that may be looked down upon for various reasons