I ran as fast as I can.
He felt heavy with the fever.
I think I know the answer.
We will eat lunch together later.
Main source of action in the
sentence.Can be classified into
Verb that has an object in the
He saw a black cat.
Verb that does not have an
object in the sentence.
Their parents have arrived.
subject main verb
Some transitive verbs really do require an object, but this doesn’t
mean that all verbs with no object are already intransitive verbs.
Remember that most non-native English speakers are prone to
fragmented sentences. Sentence Analysis is still a must.
All the same, we should not use the word “require” in differentiating
transitive and intransitive verbs. It is whether they HAVE or DON’T
HAVE an object in their sentence.
Verb that connects a subject with
I felt dizzy.
The predicate can either be a
noun or an adjective.
She became the winner.
The kids were active this morning.
Linking verbs are the same as auxiliary verbs in form but they differ
immensely in use. Please keep in mind that LINKING verbs are
followed by PREDICATE. AUXILIARY verbs are followed by MAIN
Verb that denotes actual action
that can be physically experienced.
He sliced the apples into cubes.
He slammed the door so hard.
Verb that denotes a state of mind
He resembles his father so much.
They were impressed with the act.
Verb that helps the main verb.
Has several functions.
is, are, was,
Verb used for continuous action.
He is waiting outside.
Notice that the main verb waiting
is in continuous tense. It is a RULE
that when the main verb is in the
continuous tense, a BEVERB
is, are, am
I am talking to her.
Lisa is making sandwiches.
We are going to the beach.
Harry was waiting right outside.
You were just standing there.
The be verb AM is used only if the subject is in singular first person
pronoun. IS is for subjects that are singular third person nouns and
pronouns. ARE is for subjects that are second person pronoun and
plural third person nouns and pronouns. AM, IS and ARE are all for
The be verb WAS is for subjects that are in first person pronoun or
singular third person nouns and pronouns. WERE is for subjects that
are in second person, plural first person pronoun or plural third
person nouns and pronouns. Both WAS and WERE are for PAST
has, have, had
Verb used for the perfect
tense of a sentence.
.Present Perfect tense
.Past Perfect tense
He has been to the doctor.
He has eaten his lunch.
I have been to the same bookstore.
We have taken the trash out.
They had been there before.
She had finished the painting.
Notice that the main verbs eaten, taken and finished are either in
their perfect tense or in the simple past tense. It is a RULE that in
using the perfect tense of a main verb, the helping verbs HAS, HAVE
or HAD should be used. Also, when the word been was added, it was
usually only to tell of a location.
The auxiliary HAS is used only when the subject is in third person
singular. HAVE is used when the subject pronoun is in the first or
second person. Otherwise, it is used for plural subjects. Both HAS
and HAVE are for the PRESENT PERFECT tense. HAD is used
regardless of the quantity, it is only for the PAST PERFECT tense.
do, did, does
Verb used to either ask a question,
emphasize or negate something.
Do you have any spare pencil?
Did you wash the old tablecloth?
Does this belong to you?
I do know how to sketch animals.
I did see them walking back.
She does look a lot like her mother.
They do not/don’t like vegetables.
I did not/didn’t finish my
Maya does not/doesn’t want to go
The verb DO is used for second person pronouns, plural third person
nouns and pronouns and singular and plural first person pronouns.
DOES is used for singular third person pronouns. Both DO and DID
are for the SIMPLE PRESENT tense.
DID is used regardless of the quantity, it is for the SIMPLE PAST
Verb that modifies the main
verb in the sentence. Can
have several functions.
You may use that room for tonight.
I might leave by Sunday.
We will study again tomorrow.