Android and android phones
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Android and android phones Presentation Transcript

  • 1.  is a Linux-based operating system designed primarily for touchscreen mobile devices such as smartphones and tablet computers. Initially developed by Android, Inc., which Google backed financially and later purchased in 2005,Android was unveiled in 2007 along with the founding of the Open Handset Alliance: a consortium of hardware, software, and telecommunication companies devoted to advancing open standards for mobile devices. The first Android-powered phone was sold in October 2008. * ng_system) *
  • 2.  Android is open source and Google releases the code under the Apache License. This open source code and permissive licensing allows the software to be freely modified and distributed by device manufacturers, wireless carriers and enthusiast developers. Additionally, Android has a large community of developers writing applications ("apps") that extend the functionality of devices, written primarily in a customized version of the Java programming language. In October 2012, there were approximately 700,000 apps available for Android, and the estimated number of applications downloaded from Google Play, Androids primary app store, was 25 billion. * ng_system) *
  • 3.  Android, Inc. was founded in Palo Alto, California in October 2003 by Andy Rubin (co- founder of Danger), Rich Miner (co-founder of Wildfire Communications, Inc.), Nick Sears (once VP at T-Mobile), and Chris White (headed design and interface development at WebTV) to develop, in Rubins words "smarter mobile devices that are more aware of its owners location and preferences". Despite the past accomplishments of the founders and early employees, Android Inc. operated secretly, revealing only that it was working on software for mobile phones. That same year, Rubin ran out of money. Steve Perlman, a close friend of Rubin, brought him $10,000 in cash in an envelope and refused a stake in the company. * ng_system) *
  • 4.  Google acquired Android Inc. on August 17, 2005, making it a wholly owned subsidiary of Google. Key employees of Android Inc., including Rubin, Miner and White, stayed at the company after the acquisition. Not much was known about Android Inc. at the time, but many assumed that Google was planning to enter the mobile phone market with this move. At Google, the team led by Rubin developed a mobile device platform powered by the Linux kernel. Google marketed the platform to handset makers and carriers on the promise of providing a flexible, upgradable system. Google had lined up a series of hardware component and software partners and signaled to carriers that it was open to various degrees of cooperation on their part. * ng_system) *
  • 5.  ince 2008, Android has seen numerous updates which have incrementally improved the operating system, adding new features and fixing bugs in previous releases. Each major release is named in alphabetical order after a dessert or sugary treat; for example, version 1.5 Cupcake was followed by 1.6 Donut. The latest release is 4.2 Jelly Bean. In 2010, Google launched its Nexus series of devices—a line of smartphones and tablets running the Android operating system, and built by a manufacturer partner. HTC collaborated with Google to release the first Nexus smartphone, the Nexus One. The series has since been updated with newer devices, such as the Nexus 4 phone and Nexus 10 tablet, made by LG and Samsung, respectively. Google releases the Nexus phones and tablets to act as their flagship Android devices, demonstrating Androids latest software and hardware features. * stem) *
  • 6.  Androids user interface is based on direct manipulation, using touch inputs that loosely correspond to real-world actions, like swiping, tapping, pinching and reverse pinching to manipulate on-screen objects. The response to user input is designed to be immediate and provides a fluid touch interface, often using the vibration capabilities of the device to provide haptic feedback to the user. Internal hardware such as accelerometers, gyroscopes and proximity sensors are used by some applications to respond to additional user actions, for example adjusting the screen from portrait to landscape depending on how the device is oriented, or allowing the user to steer a vehicle in a racing game by rotating the device, simulating control of a steering wheel. * *
  • 7.  Android devices boot to the homescreen, the primary navigation and information point on the device, which is similar to the desktop found on PCs. Android homescreens are typically made up of app icons and widgets; app icons launch the associated app, whereas widgets display live, auto-updating content such as the weather forecast, the users email inbox, or a news ticker directly on the homescreen. A homescreen may be made up of several pages that the user can swipe back and forth between, though Androids homescreen interface is heavily customisable, allowing the user to adjust the look and feel of the device to their tastes. Third party apps available on Google Play and other app stores can extensively re- theme the homescreen, and even mimic the look of other operating systems, such as Windows Phone. Most manufacturers, and some wireless carriers, customise the look and feel of their Android devices to differentiate themselves from the competition. * *
  • 8.  Android has a growing selection of third party applications, which can be acquired by users either through an app store such as Google Play or the Amazon Appstore, or by downloading and installing the applications APK file from a third-party site. The Play Store application allows users to browse, download and update apps published by Google and third-party developers, and is pre-installed on devices that comply with Googles compatibility requirements. The app filters the list of available applications to those that are compatible with the users device, and developers may restrict their applications to particular carriers or countries for business reasons. Purchases of unwanted applications can be refunded within 15 minutes of the time of download, and some carriers offer direct carrier billing for Google Play application purchases, where the cost of the application is added to the users monthly bill. As of September 2012, there were more than 675,000 apps available for Android, and the estimated number of applications downloaded from the Play Store was 25 billion. * *
  • 9.  Applications are developed in the Java language using the Android software development kit (SDK). The SDK includes a comprehensive set of development tools, including a debugger, software libraries, a handset emulator based on QEMU, documentation, sample code, and tutorials. The officially supported integrated development environment (IDE) is Eclipse using the Android Development Tools (ADT) plugin. Other development tools are available, including a Native Development Kit for applications or extensions in C or C++, Google App Inventor, a visual environment for novice programmers, and various cross platform mobile web applications frameworks. In order to work around limitations on reaching Google services due to Internet censorship in the Peoples Republic of China, Android devices sold in the PRC are generally customized to use state approved services instead.
  • 10.  The Android Overload is where we feature the biggest news stories from throughout the day (see above video), as well as stash all of the stories/articles/news bits that didn’t make it onto our front page. But just because they weren’t featured doesn’t mean they aren’t worth taking a look at. In fact, there’s almost always a little something here for everyone. So, take a look around and let us know if you find anything of interest.
  • 11.  Samsung Galaxy S2 (GT-I9100G) now receiving Android 4.1.2 Jelly Bean. [SamMobile] Get on board the Android train. Enthusiast creates Android train out of collectibles, LEGO and trains parts. [Google+] Epiphany onE Puck lets you charge your phones using a hot or cold drink. [Kickstarter] Google working on $82 million airplane facility at San Jose airport. [Gizmodo] After living with BlackBerry 10 for a week, I went back to Android. [ReadWrite] OUYA promising quick approval process for games in its app store. [Engadget] Sheldon from Big Bang Theory prefers Android. [Imgur] T-Mobile wises up. Offers the Nexus 4 for $50 with a 2-year agreement (limited time offer). [T-Mobile] Run Android apps and games on your Windows desktop/laptop with WindowsAndroid. [DroidGamers] Will Android’s rise lead to Apple’s demise? [Forbes] “Band with Professionals” shut down by LinkedIn. [AllThingsD] Cartoon Wars: Blade now available in the Play Store from Gamevil. [Google Play] Top 5 traps of Kingdom Conquest 2. [ThePocketPlayers] Anomaly Warzone Earth and Anomaly Korea only $2 (50% off) for a limited time. [Google Play] Parkour running “Vector” now available for free in the Play Store. [Google Play]
  • 12.  What’s in a name? Well, Shakespeare would have you believe it doesn’t matter much at all, that “a rose by any other name would smell as sweet.” True, but when it comes to big carriers looking to invest their money into a new product, a name is a brand and a brand is a powerful thing. Looks like HTC could be taking their already well known One brand and running with it. A new tip from leak- extraordinaires, @evleaks, is suggesting that the upcoming flagship could see a release as simply the HTC One — no X, no S — just One. If you think about it, Apple doesn’t confuse consumers by releasing new smartphones every year with a new name, especially not after the original was such a success. Consumers need something they can immediately identify with, so in the smartphone, automobile, or even computer business, a name means an awful lot. With HTC, their One line has proven itself enough of a success in the US and other parts of the globe for the Taiwanese manufacturer to stick with it.
  • 13.  Ashas become the norm for tablets, the Samsung Galaxy Note 8.0 will be available in several connectivity configurations upon launch. According to information gathered from filings found on the Bluetooth SIG website, there will be a GT-N5100 model, a GT-N5110, and a GT-N5105. They account for WiFi + 3G, WiFi-only, and WiFi + 3G + LTE setups.
  • 14.  The listings only peg the models for a European release, but Samsung will not doubt at least offer two options in other regions. If any carriers decide to stock the device, they will obviously carry the version best suited for their network. Pricing would likely increase from WiFi model (rumored to start around €450) up through the LTE- enabled version of the slate. We are expecting Samsung to unveil the Galaxy Note 8.0 during or around the time of Mobile World Congress. In the tradition of previous Note models, the 8-inch tablet will feature support for Samsung’s S Pen capacitive stylus.
  • 15.  I’m often asked why Google doesn’t have its own retail stores ala Apple, and now Microsoft. After all, the Mountain View corporation commands the world’s biggest mobile operating system, and has a lot of product spaces to delve into should it find the need to fill store shelves with unique stuff. Whether or not Google needs its own retail store is a good question, and we’ll take a look at both sides of the coin to see if we can’t help answer it. * retail-store-editorial/ *
  • 16.  There are many reasons why Google should open its retail stores, and the company certainly has the capital and clout to do so. So why haven’t they? That’s a tough question to answer without being able to pick the brains of several executives within the company, but there are a few glaring points that we can dive into without the help of El Goog. Later, we’ll discuss how a retail store would help the company and why we’d be excited to see one come to fruition. Let’s go! * retail-store-editorial/ *
  • 17. submitted to Prof. Erwin M. Globio