29.2 Europe Plunges
Pancho, Mimi, Andrea P, Roberto &
By 1914, Europe was divided into two rival camps
the Triple Alliance and the Triple Entente.
Then the Serbian Gavrilo Princip killed Archduke
Franz Ferdinand from Austria-Hungary.
Austria-Hungary declared war on Serbia. Then
Russia declared war con Austria-Hungary.
Explain how Austria's declaration of war
caused a reaction.
Austria-Hungary declared war to Serbia but Russia
helped Serbia and then Germany helped AustriaHungary. The Alliance System pulled everyone into
The others alliances started to join in the battle,
countries like Japan, Italy, France, Great Britain,
Bulgaria, and the Ottoman Empire.
The Allied Powers Great Britain, France, and
Millions of soldiers went cheerful to wat.
They thought it would be short, but it lasted 4
Describe the military events
happened at the Western Front
In the fall of 1914, the war turned into and
bloody stalemate. The region of the bloody
stalemate was also known as the WESTERN
Germany was fighting two fronts. The Western
Front with France. The Eastern Front with
Germany developed the Schlieffen Plan by
General Alfred Graf von Schlieffen. Consisted in
attacking and taking down the French. Then
attack and take down the Russian. It did not
By early 1915, opposing armies on the Western Front
had dug miles of parallel trenches to protect
themselves from enemy fire. This was known as
Life in trenches was pure misery “The men slept in
mud, ate in mud, washed in mud, and dreamed
The space between the opposite sides was known as
"no man's land" The Western Front had become a
"terrain of dead" it covered nearly 500 miles from the
North Sea to the Swiss border.
Technology helped by killing more people
Annihilation reached its peak in 1916.
In the Battle of Verdun, 600,000 men died. In
the Battle of Some 1 million.
Explain the advancement of the war at
the Eastern Front.
The Eastern Front caused thousands of lifes too. It
was the battlefield between the Germans and the
Russian border. Russians and Serbs battled
Germans and Austro-Hungarians.
Russian forces launched an attack into Austria and
Germany counterattacked then they
crushed the invading Russian army and drove it into
full retreat. More than 30,000 Russian soldiers were
Russia fought better against the Austrians. They
defeated the Austrians twice but then Austria
defeated the Russians and pushed them out of
By 1916 Russia had not yet been industrialized
Russian army was often short on food, guns,
clothes and other resources
Supply shipments sent from the Allies were
limited by the German submarine campaign
The Ottomans controlled the straits leading from the
Mediterranean to the Black Sea.
The Russian Army had a large number of
The suffered a lot of battlefield loses.
The army was continually rebuilt by Russia's
They managed to retain the Germans in the East.
The Germans was busy fighting the Russians
and could not concentrate fully on fighting at
As the war continued fighting spread to
Southwest and Southeast Asia.
The conflict became a World War.
The alliances instead of keeping countries from
fighting, they spurred war. The countries went
with honor and nationalism to war. But soldiers
lost hope when they figured out it wouldn’t be
short. Countries lost millions of soldiers over