Sonnets ~Poetry of beauty… Click here to go to next screen…
How does this work? Go through this at your own pace.Be sure you understand all of the information before you move on. If at anytime you need to go back, use the mouse & click on To move to the next screen, use the mouse to click on HAVE FUN WITH THIS…YOU’LL LOVE IT!
What is the purpose & goal of this lesson? PURPOSE: To learn about the styles, rhyme scheme, meter and format of various types of sonnets. GOAL: At the completion of this lesson, you will be able to do some really great stuff! You will be able to recognize and identify the styles, rhyme scheme and format ofShakespearean, Spenserian and Petrarchan sonnets.
Why do I have to learn this stuff anyway??? IT’S SIMPLE, REALLY! Sonnets are really romantic and evoke many emotions!And there are a lot of styles and/or references toRenaissance sonnets in today’s culture and society, like our music!!! HERE WE GO….
Our first objective is to learn what a sonnetis and how many lines of verse it contains. REMEMBER… YOU CAN DO THIS!!! I BELIEVE IN YOU!!!!
Sonnet means “little song.” It has 14 lines of rhymed verse…so, in essence, it really is a little song!Those 14 lines, however, are arranged in different ways…depending on the type of sonnet.
The 14 lines of a SONNET can be arranged in these combinations: 3 quatrains and a couplet OR an octave and sestet. Let’s go to the next slide to see what this all means…
A QUATRAIN has 4 lines (See??? The root QUAT means FOUR) A COUPLET is 2 lines (Get it??? A COUPLE is made of TWO) An OCTAVE is 8 lines(Remember, an OCTopus has EIGHT legs) A SESTET has 6 lines (SES is the root word for SIX) It’s all making a little more sense, right?
NOW… Let’s do the math! (I bet you didn’t know you could use those math skills here in English class, too. Woohoo!)Sonnets can have 3 quatrains (4 lines) and a couplet (2 lines). THAT IS 3 x 4 +2 And that equals 14 !!!OR they can have an octave (8 lines) and one sestet (6 lines). WHICH IS 8 + 6 And that equals… You guessed it ~ 14 !!!
Are you ready to test your knowledge?If you are unsure, you can go back to the previous screen(s) and review one more time. If you feel you are ready, move on to the next screen.
Directions: Read the question carefully, then choose the best answer, then click on the arrow that indicates your choice.Which is NOT a possible combination of lines in a sonnet? an octave and a sestet an octave and a couplet three quatrains and a couplet
An octave (8 lines) and a couplet (2 lines)would only equal 10 lines… And we know a sonnet contains 14!Now that you have mastered this, let’s move on…
Sorry, you are incorrect. It’s OK … let’s try again. HERE’S A HINT:Remember, the combination of lines in a sonnet must equal 14.Click here to go back to the question.
Are current artists influenced by sonnets? ABSOLUTELY! Did you know that sonnets were the Renaissance’s form of hip-hop???
Your next objective is to define iambic pentameterand be able to recognize it in lines of sonnets. I know this sounds like crazy talk, but I know you can do it! HERE WE GO…
WHAT IS IAMBIC PENTAMETER? Firstly, it is pronounced: EYE-AM-BICK PEN-TAM-EH-TERBasically, iambic pentameter is a line of poetry that is 10 syllables long!
All sonnets are written in IAMBIC PENTAMETER! This means that each of the 14 lines in a sonnet have EXACTLY 10 syllables! Impressive, huh???? Here is an example… Count the number of syllables in your head: "I waked, she fled, and day brought back my night."
Remember that I told you that artists today use the concepts of sonnets? Well, here is another example of iambic pentameter that you may be more familiar with… Count the number of syllables in your head: “Two trailer park girls go round the outside.” Yes, that was from Eminem’s “Shady’s Back!”See how it followed the format of iambic pentameter’s 10 syllables per line??? COOL STUFF, HUH!?!?!
That is the second thing you have learned about sonnets! Sonnets are 14-lined poems written in 10 syllables per line! Are you ready for another question? If so, go to the next screen… If not, you can go back and review. YOU CAN DO IT!
Directions: Read the question carefully, choose the best answer, then click on the arrow that indicates your choice. Which of the following lines is NOT written in IAMBIC PENTAMETER? My lover’s eyes are of the deepest blue Filled with sad tales of true love once denied. All shaded and shadowed with different hues Of desire once free that’s now confined.
You hit the nail on the head!“All shaded and shadowed with different hues” had 11 syllables!You knew that a line written in iambic pentameter had 10 syllables! Let’s move on…
Incorrect… TRY AGAIN… Here’s a hint:Iambic pentameter is 10 syllables in a line of poetry!Click here to go back to the question.
Mrs. Rodriguez…This isn’t too bad! I’m liking it!. I know… Isn’t this good stuff??
Here is your new objective:You will be able to recognize the rhyme schemeand characteristics of a Shakespearean sonnet.Shakespeare was the “G” of the Renaissance… Kind of like a modern-day Dr. Dre´ LET’S CHECK IT OUT…
Shakespeare, like I said, was a “G.” He wrote over 150 sonnets! Other than being written in fourteen lines and in iambic pentameter, his sonnets had other characteristics that made them unique. Let’s see what they are…
Shakespearean sonnets are known as English sonnets and are made up of 3 QUATRAINS AND A COUPLET… And a Shakespearean sonnet has a unique rhyme scheme.Rhyme scheme is the pattern of end rhyme in a poem. It is charted by assigning a letter of the alphabet, beginning with the letter A, to each line. WHAT DOES THIS MEAN? WELL, LET’S SEE…
Check out the poem below. Look closely to the last word in each line. See how they match with other end words?Shakespeare Sonnet 55Not marble, nor the gilded monuments AOf princes, shall outlive this powerful rhyme; BBut you shall shine more bright in these contents AThan unswept stone besmeard with sluttish time. BWhen wasteful war shall statues overturn, CAnd broils root out the work of masonry, DNor Mars his sword nor wars quick fire shall burn CThe living record of your memory. DGainst death and all-oblivious enmity EShall you pace forth; your praise shall still find room FEven in the eyes of all posterity EThat wear this world out to the ending doom. FSo, till the judgment that yourself arise, GYou live in this, and dwell in lover’s eyes. G
Now look at this poem… This is not actually written by Shakespeare. One of my students from last year composed this: There are times I look at you and I see, All our fights and times of unhappiness, At times I see love between you and me, and them I wonder what caused such a mess. I love you more than you will ever know, You took my heart and opened up my eyes, You helped me to put away my sorrow, Your love helped me to spread my wings and fly. If you only knew how you make me feel, You stole my heart and I gave you my soul, Wrapped in your arms it feels so surreal, It is this love that makes my life feel full. I now know how it feels to be in love, You are my angel sent from high above.Do you see why it can still be considered a Shakespearean sonnet, even though it was written by one of your peers just last year?
Did you recognize that Shakespearean sonnets have a rhyme scheme of ABABCDCDEFEFGG?Did you also notice that these letters show that there are 3 quatrains ABAB ~ CDCD ~ EFEF and one couplet GG? What about the iambic pentameter?Did you see how all lines consisted of 10 syllables? FEEL FREE TO PRESS THE BACK ARROW TO LOOK AT IT AGAIN
Are you ready for a question to test your skill?Feel free to take a moment to review the characteristics of a Shakespearean sonnet one more time. Just go back to the previous slides… If not, you can move on. EITHER WAY, YOU CAN DO THIS!
Directions: Read the question carefully, choose the best answer, then click on the arrow that indicates your choice. Which best describes the characteristics of a Shakespearean sonnet? An English sonnet with an ABABBCBCCDCDEE rhyme scheme A English sonnet with 3 quatrains & and couplet with an ABABCDCDEFEFGG rhyme scheme An English sonnet with an octave and a sestet and an ABABCDCDEFEFGG rhyme scheme An English sonnet with an ABABCDCDFFFFGG rhyme scheme
CORRECT! A Shakespearean sonnet is anEnglish sonnet that has 3 quatrains and a couplet, and it also has an ABABCDCDEFEFGG rhyme scheme!Let’s go to the next slide…
Sorry, you are incorrect… THINK AND TRY AGAIN… To go back to the beginning of the Shakespearean section to review, click hereClick here to go right back to the question.
You are doing great so far, so let’s move on! I’M SO IMPRESSED… Your next objective is:You will be able to recognize the rhyme scheme and characteristics of a sonnet by Spenser, another English poet.
Spenserian sonnets are also known as English sonnets. They, too, are made up of 3 QUATRAINS AND A COUPLET and written in iambic pentameter…Spenser, however, took Shakespeare’s type of sonnet and added his own flair.
His rhyme scheme was a little different. It was ABABBCBCCDCDEE. As you can see, this sonnet was probably more difficult to write. See the 4 B’s and 3 C’s? That means he had to find four words that rhymedtogether that still made sense and went with the flow of the poem! Definitely not an easy task!
Check out the poem below.Look closely to the last word in each line. See the difference? Sonnet by Spenser Of this worlds theatre in which we stay, stay A My love like the spectator idly sits B Beholding me that all the pageants play, play A Disguising diversely my troubled wits. wits B Sometimes I joy when glad occasion fits,fits B And mask in mirth like to a comedy: comedy C Soon after when my joy to sorrow flits, flits B I wail and make my woes a tragedy. tragedy C Yet she, beholding me with constant eye,eye C Delights not in my mirth nor rues my smart: smart D But when I laugh she mocks, and when I cry C She laughs and hardens evermore her heart. heart D What then can move her? If nor mirth nor moan, moan E She is no woman, but a senseless stone. stone E
Take a gander at this poem.Even though it was not written by Edmund Spenser, it is still considered a Spenserian poem! To be in heaven for one more moment A With my sweetest angel of desire. B To be fused in his wings on an ascent A From reality and earthly ire. B I long to flee the eternal fire B That blazes and combusts deep within me…. C And get lost in his orbs of sapphire B And find my wand’ring soul where it should be- C On a still cloud on the edge of the sea C Where I escape the cold, incessant rain… D A place where I can finally run free, C Where passion and unconditional love reigns. D How I long to lie in my paradise E With my wondrous angel, my guiding light. EDo you see the rhyme scheme, iambic pentameter, the 3 quatrains and the couplet? By the way, guess who wrote this? Yep, that would be me!
Did you recognize that Spenserian sonnets have a rhyme scheme of ABABBCBCCDCDEE?Did you also notice that these letters show that there are 3 quatrains ABAB ~ BCBC ~ CDCD and one couplet EE? What about the iambic pentameter? Did you see how all lines consisted of 10 syllables?FEEL FREE TO PRESS THE BACK ARROW TO LOOK AT ITAGAIN IF YOU NEED TO… BECAUSE WE ARE READY FOR ANOTHER SKILLS QUESTION!
Directions: Read the question carefully, choose the best answer, then click on the arrow that indicates your choice. Which best describes the characteristics of a Spenserian sonnet? An English sonnet with 3 quatrains and a couplet and ABABBCBCCDCDEE rhyme scheme A English sonnet with 3 quatrains & and couplet with an ABABCDCDEFEFGG rhyme scheme An English sonnet with an octave and a sestet and an ABABCDCDEFEFGG rhyme scheme An English sonnet with an ABABCDCDEEFFGG rhyme scheme
CORRECT!A Spenserian sonnet is an Englishsonnet that has 3 quatrains and a couplet, and it also has an ABABBCBCCDCDEE rhyme scheme!Let’s go to the next slide…
Sorry, you are incorrect… WHY DON’T YOU TRY AGAIN? To go back to the beginning of the Spenserian section to review, click hereClick here to go right back to the question.
Guys~ Did you know that the quickest way to a girl’s heart is through poetry? Girls~ You need to learn this too…so when a guy starts reciting these rhymes to you, you will know all the ways they love you and find you amazing.Another one of our objectives is for you to recognize the rhyme scheme and characteristics of a sonnet by Petrarch, an Italian poet.
Petrarchan sonnets are Italian sonnets because Francesco Petrarch, an Italian poet, modified the English sonnet and created his own.It is different from the English sonnet because it contains 1 OCTAVE and 1 SESTET It is, however, still written in iambic pentameter… Wait until you see the rhyme scheme for this one….
This rhyme scheme is very different!Doth any maiden seek the glorious fame AOf chastity, of strength, of courtesy? BGaze in the eyes of that sweet enemy BWhom all the world doth as my lady name! AHow honor grows, and pure devotions flame, AHow truth is joined with graceful dignity, BThere thou mayst learn, and what the path may be BTo that high heaven which doth her spirit claim; AThere learn soft speech, beyond all poets skill, CAnd softer silence, and those holy ways DUnutterable, untold by human heart. EBut the infinite beauty that all eyes doth fill, CThis none can copy! since its lovely rays DAre given by Gods pure grace, and not by art. E See how this could also be very difficult to write?
Did you recognize that Petrarchan sonnets have a completely different rhyme scheme of ABBAABBACDECDE? Did you also notice that these letters show that there is one octave (8 lines) ABBAABBA and one sestet (6 lines) CDECDE? What about the iambic pentameter?Did you notice that some lines did not have exactly ten syllables? The sonnet was written in iambic pentameter in the Italian language, but when it was translated into English, it did not maintain the exact syllable count. HERE IS ANOTHER EXAMPLE TO HELP YOU…
Maybe you will understand it more if I share this sonnet with you. I am sure you have heard of it… It is an amazing sonnet! How do I love thee? Let me count the ways. A I love thee to the depth and breadth and height B My soul can reach, when feeling out of sight B For the ends of Being and ideal Grace. A I love thee to the level of every days A Most quiet need, by sun and candle-light. B I love thee freely, as men strive for Right; B I love thee purely, as they turn from Praise. A I love thee with a passion put to use C In my old grief, and with my childhoods faith. D I love thee with a love I seemed to lose E With my lost saints, --- I love thee with the breath, C Smiles, tears, of all my life! --- and, if God choose, D I shall but love thee better after death. E Though this is by Elizabeth Barrett Browning, it is still considered to be a Petrarchan sonnet. Do you see why?
Did you see the rhyme scheme of ABBAABBACDECDE? And did you just melt reading it???I told you that this was romantic stuff, ladies and gentlemen… Now…are you ready for a skills question? If so, move forward.If not, you can go back and take a better look. Remember, you can do this!
Directions: Read the question carefully, choose the best answer, YOU MUST click on the arrow that indicates your choice.Which of the following best describes the characteristics of a Petrarchan sonnet, based on what you learned today? An English sonnet with 3 quatrains and a couplet and ABABBCBCCDCDEE rhyme scheme A Italian sonnet with 3 quatrains & and couplet with an ABABCDCDEFEFGG rhyme scheme An Italian sonnet with an octave and a sestet and an ABBAABBACDECDE rhyme scheme An Italian sonnet with an ABBAACCACDECDE rhyme scheme with an octave and a sestet
RIGHT! A Petrarchan sonnet is an Italiansonnet that has 1 octave and a sestet andalso has an ABBAABBACDECDE rhyme scheme!Let’s go to the next slide…
Incorrect… LET’S TRY AGAIN… Here is a hint: Petrarchan sonnets are vastly different from Shakespearean and Spenserian sonnets. To go back to the beginning of the Petrarchan section to review, click hereClick here to go right back to the question.
You are doing an incredible job! Your last objective for today is: You will be able to differentiate between denotation and connotation and will use these skills, as well as previously learned skills, to interpret sonnets. I mean, what is the point of knowing all about sonnets if you cannot figure out what they mean… Right?!?!?! Here we go…
Connotation is another common trait in all three types of sonnets I am sure you are asking, “What is connotation anyway?”Connotation refers to the the attitude or emotion associated with a word.
Connotation is the opposite of denotationbecause denotation is the literal definition of a word. For example, in your first exercise, you read these lines: My lover’s eyes are of the deepest blue Filled with sad tales of true love once denied. All shaded and shadowed with different hues Of desire once free that’s now confined The word “blue” refers to a color, an example of denotation… but “blue” also means sad, an example of connotation.
Here is another example of denotation vs connotation: As we all know, this is the American flag. The denotation for this word is a rectangular pieceof colorful material that signifies the country in which we live . The connotation, however, would represent emotion. Therefore, in poetry, “American flag” may mean pride, liberty, unity, strength and freedom.Before you move on to your skills question, feel free to go back and review. If not, you can move on…
Directions: Read the passage and question carefully, choose the best answer, then click on the arrow that indicates your choice. To gaze into his eyes and not see pain But to see an image of a white dove To grant me hope that passion will sustain And give flight to our clipped wings of love Which word is the best example of connotation NOT denotation? “Passion” because it means intense emotion. “Pain” because it is a disagreeable sensation “Dove” because it represents love, purity and marriage. “Eyes” because it represents vision and perspective.
CORRECT! ‘Dove” was the best example ofconnotation because it was the onlyword that was a representation of an emotion, not an actual definition. Let’s go to the next slide…
Sorry, you are incorrect… WHY DON’T YOU TRY AGAIN?To go back to the beginning of this section to review, click here Click here to go right back to the question.
Before we move on to the review andyour assessment, I wanted to tell you that you all are the best! You made me proud today, just like you do every day! WAY TO GO!Let’s go to the review….
How do the sonnets compare/contrast? Let me count the ways!Shakespearean Sonnet Spenserian Sonnet Rhyme Scheme: •Composed of 3 quatrains & Rhyme Scheme: A 1 couplet A B B A •Known as English sonnets A B B C B D C C • Written in iambic pentameter B D C E (10 syllables per line) C F D E •Contains 14 lines C F D G •Contains connotation E G E •Composed of an octave and sestet •Known as an Italian sonnet Rhyme Scheme: ABBAABBACDECDE Petrarchan Sonnet
That’s it… You are done!You can come up and turn in your CD, then get your test!Remember, if you ever need to see this review again, you can find it on our class website!