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Reported+speech+suggest,offer+and+other

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More reported speech

More reported speech

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    Reported+speech+suggest,offer+and+other Reported+speech+suggest,offer+and+other Presentation Transcript

    • Reported Speech COMMANDS OFFERS SUGGESTIONS ADVICE WARNINGS APOLOGIES AND COMPLAINTS REMIND
    • “ COMMANDS” (Órdenes)
      • We change the imperative form into an infinitive. We use a reporting verb that expresses command like tell or order. Don’t forget to include the indirect object
      Direct speech Imperative ‘ Stop speaking in class’ Reported speech Tell+ infinitive She told me to stop speaking in class. Direct speech Negative imperative ‘ don’t eat in class!’ the teacher said Reported speech Tell+ negative imperative The teacher told us not to eat in class.
    • “ Offers” (Ofrecimientos)
      • We used “offer” when they offer us something
      • For example:
      • "Would you like a cup of tea ? " she said
      • She offered me (to have)a cup of tea.
      Direct speech Will/would + like + ? “ would you like a cup of tea” She said Reported speech Offer + objects + noun She offered me a cup of tea Direct speech Could (Modal verb) Se utiliza (Offer + object + noun)
    • “ Suggestions”( sugerencias)
      • Estructure: Suggest/recommend + Gerund / noun / Pronoun or “that”clause
      • Suggestions can be expressed by:
      • - Let’s…?
      • - Why don’t we…?
      • - Shall we…?
      • - Why not….?
      • Examples:
      • -"Let´s go out" Peter said to me. (Direct speech)
      • -Peter suggested going out. (Reported speech)
      • - Peter suggested that we go out. (Reported
      • speech)
    • “ Ask ”( Beg someone to do something)
      • Estructure: Ask + indirect object / infinitive
      • This is not a question, but a request or demand.
      • Example:
      • “ Could you show me your passport, please?” he said
      • He asked me to show him my passport.
      • “ Can you open the door, please?” She said
      • She asked him to open the door.
    • “ Advice” (consejos)
      • In this case we use the verbs advise + object + infinitive.
      • For example:
      • - “You should study harder if you want to pass the test” (Direct speech)
      • - She advised me to study harder if I wanted to pass the test” (Reported speech)
      • -In negative sentences we use “not” in front of the infinitive
      • For example:
      • "Don´t be late tomorrow"  she advised me. (D.Speech).
      • She advised me not to be late the following day. (Reported speech)
      •   
    • “ Warn” (Advertir)
      • We use “warn” in reported speech when we warn people about something
      • For example:
      • “ Don’t swim out too far, boys”, I said
      • He warned the boys not to swim out too far.
      Bill: "Don't drink so much or you'll get drunk!" Bill: "¡No bebas tanto que te vas a emborrachar!“ Bill warned Jack not to drink too much Bill le advirtió a Jack que no bebiera demasiado
    • “ Apologies” (disculpas) and “Complaints” (Quejas)
      • We use “apologize” in reported speech when we apologize and “complain” to complain about something.
      • For example:
      • Karen: "I am very sorry for having insulted you in that way“ She apologized to her friend for having insulted her.
      • “ This milkshake is too sweet!”, she said
      • She complained about the milkshake
      • She complained that the milkshake was too sweet.
    • “ Remind” (recordatorio)
      • Structure:
      • Remind +Sb (somebody) +to –inf
      • Example:
      • Jack: "Hey, Bill. Don't forget to mail this letter today!" Jack: "Oye, Bill. ¡No te olvides de enviar esta carta hoy!"
      • Jack reminded Bill to mail that letter that day Jack le recordó a Bill que enviara una carta ese día
    • Verbs used in reported speech
      • Verbs: advise, ask, beg, command, encourage, entreat, forbid, implore, invite, order, remind, request, urge, warn, threaten, promise, refuse,
      • Structure:
      • Remind +Sb (somebody) +to –inf
      • Example:
      • “ go on, apply for the job,” he said
      • He encouraged me to apply for the job
    • Change the following from direct into Reported Speech
      •  ” If I were you, I’d stop taking tranquilizers,” I said
      • I advised him to stop taking tranquilizers.
      •  “ Sorry, I didn't want to be late," He said
      • He apologized for being late.
      •  "The food is horrible," he said
      • He complained the food was horrible.
      •  “ Please, don’t take any risks,” said his wife.
      • His wife begged him not to take any risks.  
      •  Don’t forget to order the wine,” said he.
      • He reminded me to order the wine.
      •  “ Eat much because you are very thin,” my friend told me
      • My friend advised me to eat much because I was very thin.
      •  ““ Let’s stop now” Mary suggested
      • Mary suggested stopping then.
    • Change the following from direct into Reported Speech
      •  He said, “lie down, Tom”
      • He told Tom to lie down.
      •  ” You had better not leave the car unlocked,” the police officer said.
      • The police officer advised me not to leave the car unlocked.
      •  “ Be careful crossing roads,” she said.
      • She advised me to be careful crossing roads.
      •  ” Would you like to have lunch with me on Sunday?”, he asked.
      • He invited me to have lunch with him on Sunday.
      •  ” Could you translate this for me, please?” I asked my friend.
      • I asked my friend to translate that for me
    • Change the following sentences from Reported Speech into direct speech
      • Tom suggested his girlfriend climbing to the top.
      • “ Shall we climb to the top?” Tom asked his girlfriend.
      • “ Let’s climb to the top”
      • Tom invited Ann to come for a drive the following day.
      • “ Would you like to go for a drive tomorrow, Ann?” Tom asked.
      • She promised to be a quick as she could.
      • “ I will be as quick as I can,” she promised.  
      • She told John not to be ridiculous.
      • “ Don’t be so ridiculous, John!”
      • He asked where she was going.
      • “ Where are you going?” He said.
      • He asked me if I knew Bill.
      • “ Do you know Bill?” He said.
      • The travel agent wanted to know whether I would go by air or sea.
      • “ Will you go by air or sea?” the travel agent said.
    • THE END