Reported+speech+suggest,offer+and+other
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More reported speech

More reported speech

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Reported+speech+suggest,offer+and+other Presentation Transcript

  • 1. Reported Speech COMMANDS OFFERS SUGGESTIONS ADVICE WARNINGS APOLOGIES AND COMPLAINTS REMIND
  • 2. “ COMMANDS” (Órdenes)
    • We change the imperative form into an infinitive. We use a reporting verb that expresses command like tell or order. Don’t forget to include the indirect object
    Direct speech Imperative ‘ Stop speaking in class’ Reported speech Tell+ infinitive She told me to stop speaking in class. Direct speech Negative imperative ‘ don’t eat in class!’ the teacher said Reported speech Tell+ negative imperative The teacher told us not to eat in class.
  • 3. “ Offers” (Ofrecimientos)
    • We used “offer” when they offer us something
    • For example:
    • "Would you like a cup of tea ? " she said
    • She offered me (to have)a cup of tea.
    Direct speech Will/would + like + ? “ would you like a cup of tea” She said Reported speech Offer + objects + noun She offered me a cup of tea Direct speech Could (Modal verb) Se utiliza (Offer + object + noun)
  • 4. “ Suggestions”( sugerencias)
    • Estructure: Suggest/recommend + Gerund / noun / Pronoun or “that”clause
    • Suggestions can be expressed by:
    • - Let’s…?
    • - Why don’t we…?
    • - Shall we…?
    • - Why not….?
    • Examples:
    • -"Let´s go out" Peter said to me. (Direct speech)
    • -Peter suggested going out. (Reported speech)
    • - Peter suggested that we go out. (Reported
    • speech)
  • 5. “ Ask ”( Beg someone to do something)
    • Estructure: Ask + indirect object / infinitive
    • This is not a question, but a request or demand.
    • Example:
    • “ Could you show me your passport, please?” he said
    • He asked me to show him my passport.
    • “ Can you open the door, please?” She said
    • She asked him to open the door.
  • 6. “ Advice” (consejos)
    • In this case we use the verbs advise + object + infinitive.
    • For example:
    • - “You should study harder if you want to pass the test” (Direct speech)
    • - She advised me to study harder if I wanted to pass the test” (Reported speech)
    • -In negative sentences we use “not” in front of the infinitive
    • For example:
    • "Don´t be late tomorrow"  she advised me. (D.Speech).
    • She advised me not to be late the following day. (Reported speech)
    •   
  • 7. “ Warn” (Advertir)
    • We use “warn” in reported speech when we warn people about something
    • For example:
    • “ Don’t swim out too far, boys”, I said
    • He warned the boys not to swim out too far.
    Bill: "Don't drink so much or you'll get drunk!" Bill: "¡No bebas tanto que te vas a emborrachar!“ Bill warned Jack not to drink too much Bill le advirtió a Jack que no bebiera demasiado
  • 8. “ Apologies” (disculpas) and “Complaints” (Quejas)
    • We use “apologize” in reported speech when we apologize and “complain” to complain about something.
    • For example:
    • Karen: "I am very sorry for having insulted you in that way“ She apologized to her friend for having insulted her.
    • “ This milkshake is too sweet!”, she said
    • She complained about the milkshake
    • She complained that the milkshake was too sweet.
  • 9. “ Remind” (recordatorio)
    • Structure:
    • Remind +Sb (somebody) +to –inf
    • Example:
    • Jack: "Hey, Bill. Don't forget to mail this letter today!" Jack: "Oye, Bill. ¡No te olvides de enviar esta carta hoy!"
    • Jack reminded Bill to mail that letter that day Jack le recordó a Bill que enviara una carta ese día
  • 10. Verbs used in reported speech
    • Verbs: advise, ask, beg, command, encourage, entreat, forbid, implore, invite, order, remind, request, urge, warn, threaten, promise, refuse,
    • Structure:
    • Remind +Sb (somebody) +to –inf
    • Example:
    • “ go on, apply for the job,” he said
    • He encouraged me to apply for the job
  • 11. Change the following from direct into Reported Speech
    •  ” If I were you, I’d stop taking tranquilizers,” I said
    • I advised him to stop taking tranquilizers.
    •  “ Sorry, I didn't want to be late," He said
    • He apologized for being late.
    •  "The food is horrible," he said
    • He complained the food was horrible.
    •  “ Please, don’t take any risks,” said his wife.
    • His wife begged him not to take any risks.  
    •  Don’t forget to order the wine,” said he.
    • He reminded me to order the wine.
    •  “ Eat much because you are very thin,” my friend told me
    • My friend advised me to eat much because I was very thin.
    •  ““ Let’s stop now” Mary suggested
    • Mary suggested stopping then.
  • 12. Change the following from direct into Reported Speech
    •  He said, “lie down, Tom”
    • He told Tom to lie down.
    •  ” You had better not leave the car unlocked,” the police officer said.
    • The police officer advised me not to leave the car unlocked.
    •  “ Be careful crossing roads,” she said.
    • She advised me to be careful crossing roads.
    •  ” Would you like to have lunch with me on Sunday?”, he asked.
    • He invited me to have lunch with him on Sunday.
    •  ” Could you translate this for me, please?” I asked my friend.
    • I asked my friend to translate that for me
  • 13. Change the following sentences from Reported Speech into direct speech
    • Tom suggested his girlfriend climbing to the top.
    • “ Shall we climb to the top?” Tom asked his girlfriend.
    • “ Let’s climb to the top”
    • Tom invited Ann to come for a drive the following day.
    • “ Would you like to go for a drive tomorrow, Ann?” Tom asked.
    • She promised to be a quick as she could.
    • “ I will be as quick as I can,” she promised.  
    • She told John not to be ridiculous.
    • “ Don’t be so ridiculous, John!”
    • He asked where she was going.
    • “ Where are you going?” He said.
    • He asked me if I knew Bill.
    • “ Do you know Bill?” He said.
    • The travel agent wanted to know whether I would go by air or sea.
    • “ Will you go by air or sea?” the travel agent said.
  • 14. THE END