We change the imperative form into an infinitive. We use a reporting verb that expresses command like tell or order. Don’t forget to include the indirect object
Direct speech Imperative ‘ Stop speaking in class’ Reported speech Tell+ infinitive She told me to stop speaking in class. Direct speech Negative imperative ‘ don’t eat in class!’ the teacher said Reported speech Tell+ negative imperative The teacher told us not to eat in class.
"Would you like a cup of tea ? " she said
She offered me (to have)a cup of tea.
Direct speech Will/would + like + ? “ would you like a cup of tea” She said Reported speech Offer + objects + noun She offered me a cup of tea Direct speech Could (Modal verb) Se utiliza (Offer + object + noun)
Estructure: Suggest/recommend + Gerund / noun / Pronoun or “that”clause
Suggestions can be expressed by:
- Why don’t we…?
- Shall we…?
- Why not….?
-"Let´s go out" Peter said to me. (Direct speech)
-Peter suggested going out. (Reported speech)
- Peter suggested that we go out. (Reported
“ Ask ”( Beg someone to do something)
Estructure: Ask + indirect object / infinitive
This is not a question, but a request or demand.
“ Could you show me your passport, please?” he said
He asked me to show him my passport.
“ Can you open the door, please?” She said
She asked him to open the door.
“ Advice” (consejos)
In this case we use the verbs advise + object + infinitive.
- “You should study harder if you want to pass the test” (Direct speech)
- She advised me to study harder if I wanted to pass the test” (Reported speech)
-In negative sentences we use “not” in front of the infinitive
"Don´t be late tomorrow" she advised me. (D.Speech).
She advised me not to be late the following day. (Reported speech)
“ Warn” (Advertir)
We use “warn” in reported speech when we warn people about something
“ Don’t swim out too far, boys”, I said
He warned the boys not to swim out too far.
Bill: "Don't drink so much or you'll get drunk!" Bill: "¡No bebas tanto que te vas a emborrachar!“ Bill warned Jack not to drink too much Bill le advirtió a Jack que no bebiera demasiado
“ Apologies” (disculpas) and “Complaints” (Quejas)
We use “apologize” in reported speech when we apologize and “complain” to complain about something.
Karen: "I am very sorry for having insulted you in that way“ She apologized to her friend for having insulted her.
“ This milkshake is too sweet!”, she said
She complained about the milkshake
She complained that the milkshake was too sweet.
“ Remind” (recordatorio)
Remind +Sb (somebody) +to –inf
Jack: "Hey, Bill. Don't forget to mail this letter today!" Jack: "Oye, Bill. ¡No te olvides de enviar esta carta hoy!"
Jack reminded Bill to mail that letter that day Jack le recordó a Bill que enviara una carta ese día