Your SlideShare is downloading. ×
0
There are two ways of reporting what somebodysays;                   direct speech           indirect (or reported) speech.
February 25th                       March 4th                            Direct speech  I’m going home   • She said, “I’m ...
DIRECT                “In text   SPEECH                we put                speech      The words inIn direct            ...
•take away the quotation markse.g ‘Some students are talking,’ said the teacher. The teacher said (that) some students we...
•Word order in questions, request,commands, … Mum says, “Why aren’t you at school?”Mum wants to know why you aren’t at sc...
Changes: verb tensesDirect speech                          Reported speech Present simple                       Past simp...
More changes: verb tensesDirect speech                          Reported speech•Past perfect                          Past...
Changes in pronouns:• I/you                      he/she•We/you                      They•Me/you                      him/h...
Changes in adverbs:• here                   there•now                     then, at the time•today                   that d...
Say or tell Tell            + indirect object Daniel told me (that) he was ready. Say             The indirect object is n...
When we turn affirmative or negativestatements in direct speech into reportedspeech, we must take away the invertedcommas ...
SOME EXAMPLES OF REPORTED STATEMENTS‘ I work in an office,’ John says.John says that he works in an office.‘We are very ha...
‘Andrew is working,’ Jessica said.   Jessica said (that) Andrew was working.   ‘I’ve fixed the shelves,’ John told Susan.J...
When we report a question, we have to:•Take away the question mark and write a final full stop.•Change the order of words....
Two kinds of questions1. Yes / No questions                             ‘Are you leaving?’ he said.                       ...
2. Wh-questions      ‘Where is the President staying?’ the reporter said.     Wh-word aux       s            vThe reporter...
SOME EXAMPLES OF REPORTED QUESTIONS•‘Is John at home?’•‘Does David go to the cinema often?’ she wanted to know•‘Does it ra...
JUST A JOKE
Upcoming SlideShare
Loading in...5
×

Reported speech carmen

10,396

Published on

Published in: Technology
0 Comments
2 Likes
Statistics
Notes
  • Be the first to comment

No Downloads
Views
Total Views
10,396
On Slideshare
0
From Embeds
0
Number of Embeds
4
Actions
Shares
0
Downloads
86
Comments
0
Likes
2
Embeds 0
No embeds

No notes for slide

Transcript of "Reported speech carmen"

  1. 1. There are two ways of reporting what somebodysays; direct speech indirect (or reported) speech.
  2. 2. February 25th March 4th Direct speech I’m going home • She said, “I’m going home”. Reported speech • She said (that) she was going home.
  3. 3. DIRECT “In text SPEECH we put speech The words inIn direct the speech marks orspeech we use marks must invertedthe speaker’s commas be separatedown words. around from the rest the words of the spoken” sentence by a comma.
  4. 4. •take away the quotation markse.g ‘Some students are talking,’ said the teacher. The teacher said (that) some students were talking.• change the tensee.g ‘I am very happy today,’ said Susanna. Susanna said (that) she was very happy that day.
  5. 5. •Word order in questions, request,commands, … Mum says, “Why aren’t you at school?”Mum wants to know why you aren’t at school.• PronounsShe said, “I don’t want to go”She said that she didn’t want to go”• Other words: adverbs Peter said, “I’m seeing the doctor tomorrow”.Peter said (that) he was seeing the doctor the followingday.
  6. 6. Changes: verb tensesDirect speech Reported speech Present simple Past simple ‘I like peaches’. He said he liked peaches. Present continuous Past continuous ‘Is it raining?’ He asked if it was raining. Past simple Past simple / Past Perfect ‘I didn’t recognize you’. She explained that she hadn’t recognized /didn’t recognize me. Past continuous Past continuous or past perfect continuous ‘I was joking about the price.’ He said he was joking (Or: had been joking) about the price.
  7. 7. More changes: verb tensesDirect speech Reported speech•Past perfect Past perfect‘I hadn’t seen her before that day.’ You said you hadn’t seen her before that day.• shall / will should / would‘We’ll be late.’ I told him we’d be late.• can, may could, might‘I can swim.’ She thought she could swim.• must must or had to‘I must go.’ He said he must / had to go.
  8. 8. Changes in pronouns:• I/you he/she•We/you They•Me/you him/her• Us/you them•My/your his/her• our/your their•Mine/yours theirse.g ‘I am very happy today,’ said Susanna. Susanna said (that) she was very happy that day.
  9. 9. Changes in adverbs:• here there•now then, at the time•today that day• yesterday the day before / the previous day• tomorrow the next / following day• this week that week• last week the week before, the previous week• an hour ago an hour before / earlier
  10. 10. Say or tell Tell + indirect object Daniel told me (that) he was ready. Say The indirect object is not mentioned Daniel said (that) he was ready. Ask, want to know, wonder‘What’s the problem?’ he said.He wanted to know / asked (me) / wondered what the problem was.
  11. 11. When we turn affirmative or negativestatements in direct speech into reportedspeech, we must take away the invertedcommas and make any necessary changes inverb tenses, pronouns and adverbs. Verbtense changes are not necessary if thereporting verb is not in a past tense.
  12. 12. SOME EXAMPLES OF REPORTED STATEMENTS‘ I work in an office,’ John says.John says that he works in an office.‘We are very happy here’ say My parents.My parents say that they are very happy there.‘You can speak English very well,’ my teacher will say.My teacher will say that I can speak English very well.‘you can’t dance very well,” she is telling me.She is telling me that I can’t dance very well.
  13. 13. ‘Andrew is working,’ Jessica said. Jessica said (that) Andrew was working. ‘I’ve fixed the shelves,’ John told Susan.John told Susan (that) he had fixed the shelves. ‘My money had run out,’ said Daniel. Daniel said his money had run out. ‘You can sit over here,’ the steward said. The steward said we could sit over there. .
  14. 14. When we report a question, we have to:•Take away the question mark and write a final full stop.•Change the order of words.•Change the verb tense•Change the pronouns•Change the adverbs if necessary.e.g. ‘How many people are there in your family?’ Tonyasked Ray Tony asked Ray how many people there were in hisfamily.
  15. 15. Two kinds of questions1. Yes / No questions ‘Are you leaving?’ he said. aux s vHe wanted to know if / whether I was leaving. s aux v
  16. 16. 2. Wh-questions ‘Where is the President staying?’ the reporter said. Wh-word aux s vThe reporter asked where the President was staying. Wh-word s aux v
  17. 17. SOME EXAMPLES OF REPORTED QUESTIONS•‘Is John at home?’•‘Does David go to the cinema often?’ she wanted to know•‘Does it rain a lot in London?’ he said•‘Why did you go out last night?’ my mother said•‘Who was that beautiful woman?’ asked my wife•‘What are you going to do at the weekend?’•‘Have you studied reported speech before?’•‘Will you come with me next week?’ he asked
  18. 18. JUST A JOKE
  1. A particular slide catching your eye?

    Clipping is a handy way to collect important slides you want to go back to later.

×