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PRESENT PERFECT

PRESENT PERFECT

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Module 4 Presentation Transcript

  • 1. MODULE 4 CONTENTS
  • 2. UNITS 10 - 12: CHALLENGE
    • Vocabulary :
    • --- Jobs // Opinion Adjectives (to talk
    • about your favourite singer, sports star
    • etc //
    • Grammar :
    • --- Present Perfect (with the adverbs just , never,ever, already, yet, since and for )
  • 3. WHAT DO THESE PEOPLE DO?
    • He is Indiana Jones.
    • He spends his life looking for ancient treasures
    • He loves taking part in excavations.
    • He is an a_c_a_ol_g_st
  • 4.
    • I spend my life designing beautiful houses for my clients
    • I read a lot about new and old building styles
    • I am very good at drawing plans
    • I am an a_ch_ _ ec_
  • 5.
    • He has run thousands of marathons
    • He has participated in two Olympic Games
    • He is an _ _ hl_ t_
  • 6.
    • I treat patients with terrible toothaches
    • I am a d _nt_s_
  • 7.
    • I grow vegetables and crops
    • I have a lot of chickens, cows and horses in my house
    • I live in the countryside
    • I am a f_r_e_
  • 8.
    • I rescue people who are about to drown in the water
    • I work on beaches and near lakes or rivers
    • I am very good at swimming
    • I am a l_f_g_ar_
  • 9.
    • I work in a means of transport
    • I fly planes
    • I take passengers on my planes
    • I am a p_ _ ot
  • 10.
    • I know a lot about laws and legislation
    • I have clients who have legal problems
    • I work at a court of law
    • I am a l_w_ _r
  • 11.
    • I take care of people in the street
    • I catch and arrest criminals every day
    • I wear a blue uniform and black boots
    • I am a p_l_c_ of_ic_r
  • 12.
    • I have a lot of students
    • I work in schools
    • I write on a blackboard
    • I am a t_a_ _er
  • 13.
    • I sell products in a shop
    • I help customers choose and buy things at a store
    • I am a s_op as_is_a_t
  • 14.
    • I cut people´s hair
    • I also change my customers´ hairstyles
    • I change the colour of their hair
    • I am a h_ir_re_ _ e_
  • 15. PRESENT PERFECT
    • USE 2 :Unspecified time before now
    • ---To talk about an action that happened at an unspecified time before now ( the exact time of this past action isn´t mentioned or known )
  • 16. REMEMBER!!!
    • You CANNOT use the Present Perfect with specific time expressions such as: yesterday, one year ago, last week, when I was a child, when I lived in Japan, at that moment, that day, one day , etc.
    • We CAN use the Present Perfect with unspecific expressions such as: ever, never, once, many times, several times, before, already, yet , etc.
  • 17. EXAMPLES
    • I have seen that movie twenty times.
    • I think I have met him once before.
    • There have been many earthquakes in California.
    • People have travelled to the Moon.
    • People have not travelled to Mars.
    • Have you read the book yet?
    • Sam has never climbed that mountain.
    • A: Has there ever been a war in the United States? B: Yes, there has been a war in the United States.
  • 18. PRESENT PERFECT ADVBERS
    • EVER : only in questions about experiences
    • Meaning: “alguna vez…?”
    • Eg:
    • --- Have you ever been to Peru?
    • --- Has Peter ever seen an UFO?
  • 19.
    • NEVER : only in affirmative sentences
    • Meaning: “nunca”
    • Eg:
    • --- They have never written an email.
    • --- She has never met a famous singer.
  • 20.
    • ALREADY : in affirmative sentences
    • Meaning: “ya…”
    • Eg:
    • --- I have already finished my homework.
    • --- My dog has already eaten its food.
  • 21.
    • YET : in questions
    • Meaning: “ya…?”
    • Eg:
    • --- Have you arrived at the station yet ?
    • --- Has Federer won the Roland Garros yet ?
  • 22.
    • YET : in negative sentences
    • Meaning: “aún, todavía”
    • Eg:
    • --- We haven´t gone on holiday yet .
    • --- Paul hasn´t written the letter yet .
  • 23.
    • JUST : in affirmative sentences
    • Meaning: “recién, acabo de…”
    • Eg:
    • ---The students have just finished the test.
    • --- Sam has just left home.
  • 24.
    • SINCE : + a point of time
    • Meaning: “desde...hasta el presente”
    • Eg:
    • --- We have lived in Bariloche since 1981.
    • --- Sam has been married since Christmas.
  • 25.
    • FOR : + period of time
    • Meaning: “durante…”
    • Eg:
    • --- I have danced tango for 23 years.
    • ---Carol has taught French for three weeks .
  • 26. MULTI – PART VERBS
    • PULL TROUGH : survive
    • GIVE UP : stop fighting
    • CARRY ON : continue
    • DEAL WITH : face and solve