Module 1

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PRESENT SIMPLE AND CONTINUOUS

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Module 1

  1. 1. MODULE 1 CONTENTS
  2. 2. UNITS 1 - 3: LIFESTYLES <ul><li>Vocabulary : </li></ul><ul><li>----- Routines & lifestyles </li></ul><ul><li>Grammar : </li></ul><ul><li>---- Present Simple vs.Present Continuous </li></ul>
  3. 3. LIFESTYLES <ul><li>WHAT IS THEIR LIFE LIKE? </li></ul><ul><li>WHY? </li></ul>
  4. 14. PRESENT SIMPLE <ul><li>A) Repeated Actions </li></ul><ul><li>--- To talk about repeated actions, hobbies, daily routines, habits, schedule events </li></ul>
  5. 15. EXAMPLES <ul><li>I play tennis. </li></ul><ul><li>She does not play tennis. </li></ul><ul><li>Does he play tennis? </li></ul><ul><li>The train leaves every morning at 8 AM. </li></ul><ul><li>The train does not leave at 9 AM. </li></ul><ul><li>When does the train usually leave ? </li></ul><ul><li>She always forgets her purse. </li></ul><ul><li>He never forgets his wallet. </li></ul><ul><li>Every twelve months, the Earth circles the Sun. </li></ul><ul><li>Does the Sun circle the Earth? </li></ul>
  6. 16. <ul><li>B) Facts, Permanent States, Generalizations </li></ul><ul><li>--- To talk about things that were // are// will be true </li></ul>
  7. 17. EXAMPLES <ul><li>Cats like milk. </li></ul><ul><li>Birds do not like milk. </li></ul><ul><li>Do pigs like milk? </li></ul><ul><li>California is in America. </li></ul><ul><li>California is not in the United Kingdom. </li></ul><ul><li>Windows are made of glass. </li></ul><ul><li>Windows are not made of wood. </li></ul><ul><li>New York is a small city. </li></ul>
  8. 21. PRESENT CONTINUOUS <ul><li>A) Now </li></ul><ul><li>--- To talk about things happening NOW </li></ul>
  9. 22. EXAMPLES <ul><li>You are learning English now. </li></ul><ul><li>You are not swimming now. </li></ul><ul><li>Are you sleeping ? </li></ul><ul><li>I am sitting . </li></ul><ul><li>I am not standing . </li></ul><ul><li>Is he sitting or standing ? </li></ul><ul><li>They are reading their books. </li></ul><ul><li>They are not watching television. </li></ul><ul><li>What are you doing ? </li></ul><ul><li>Why aren't you doing your homework? </li></ul>
  10. 23. <ul><li>B) Temporary Actions </li></ul><ul><li>---To talk about actions happening around now or temporarily </li></ul>
  11. 24. EXAMPLES <ul><li>I am studying to become a doctor. </li></ul><ul><li>I am not studying to become a dentist. </li></ul><ul><li>I am reading the book Tom Sawyer. </li></ul><ul><li>I am not reading any books right now. </li></ul><ul><li>Are you working on any special projects at work? </li></ul><ul><li>Aren't you teaching at the university now? </li></ul>
  12. 27. MULTI-PART VERBS <ul><li>GET UP : get out of bed </li></ul><ul><li>GET BACK : return </li></ul><ul><li>GET UP TO : do </li></ul><ul><li>GET ON WITH (sb): have a good </li></ul><ul><li>relationship (with sb) </li></ul>
  13. 28. “ ING” FORMS <ul><li>“ ING” after a preposition </li></ul><ul><li>E.g: good at play ing the guitar </li></ul><ul><li>afraid of travell ing by plane </li></ul><ul><li>interested in learn ing Italian </li></ul><ul><li>responsible for controll ing </li></ul>
  14. 29. <ul><li>“ ING” after a verb </li></ul><ul><li>Eg: love be ing a good student </li></ul><ul><li>enjoy gett ing up late </li></ul><ul><li>don´t mind sleep ing on the floor </li></ul><ul><li>can´t stand listen ing to tango </li></ul>
  15. 30. <ul><li>“ ING” as the subject of a sentence </li></ul><ul><li>Eg: Work ing with animals is great </li></ul><ul><li>Liv ing in the countryside sounds fun </li></ul><ul><li>Study ing hard is the key to success </li></ul><ul><li>Climb ing mountains is dangerous </li></ul>
  16. 31. <ul><li>“ ING” as part of a tense form </li></ul><ul><li>Eg: I am writ ing a letter now. </li></ul><ul><li>Peter is water ing his plants. </li></ul><ul><li>The students are read ing a novel </li></ul><ul><li>It is rain ing outside. </li></ul>

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