Adverbs of manner
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Adverbs of manner

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Adverbs of manner Adverbs of manner Presentation Transcript

  • Adverbs of manner The –ly ending CAL EOI El Puerto
  • Adverbs of manner
    • Adjective  
    • bad
    • complete
    • normal 
    • surprising
    • Adverb of Manner
    • badly
    • completely
    • normally
    • surprisingly
    • Adverbs of manner are the largest group of adverbs. Most adverbs of manner are closely related to corresponding adjectives.
    • Although some words can be used as either adjectives or adverbs, in most cases, adverbs of manner are formed by adding ly to the corresponding adjectives.
    • In most cases, ly is simply added to the positive form of the adjective. For example:
  • Adjectives ending in ic However, when the adjective ends in ic , the syllable al is usually added before the ly ending. For example:
    • Adjective
    • dramatic   
    • scientific   
    • specific
    • basic
    • Adverb of Manner
    • dramatically
    • scientifically
    • specifically
    • basically
    View slide
  • Adjectives ending in le Adverb of Manner favorably humbly simply Adjective favorable humble simple When the adjective ends in le preceded by a consonant , the final e is usually changed to y , to form the ly ending. For example: Adverb of Manner agilely solely Adjective agile sole When the adjective ends in le preceded by a vowel , in most cases, ly is simply added to the positive form of the adjective. For example: Adverb of Manner wholly Adjective   whole  However, in the case of the adjective whole , the final e is removed before the ending ly is added: View slide
  • Adjectives ending in ll
    • Adjectives ending in ue
    Adverb of Manner duly truly Adjective due true When the adjective ends in ue , the final e is usually omitted before the ending ly is added. For example: Adverb of Manner dully fully shrilly Adjective dull full shrill When the adjective ends in ll , only y is added. For example:
  • Adjectives ending in y busily easily happily busy easy happy When the adjective ends in y preceded by a consonant , the y is usually changed to i before the ending ly is added. For example: shyly slyly shy sly However, in the case of the adjectives shy and sly , ly is simply added to the positive form of the adjective: coyly greyly coy grey When the adjective ends in y preceded by a vowel , in most cases, ly is simply added to the positive form of the adjective. For example: gaily gay However, in the case of the adjective gay , y is changed to i before the ending ly is added:
  • Adverbs of frequency
    • It should be noted that while most adverbs which end in ly are adverbs of manner, other types of adverb may also end in ly . For instance, consequently and subsequently are connecting adverbs. The following are adverbs of frequency which are formed by adding ly to the corresponding adjectives.
    frequently rarely usually frequent rare usual Adverb of Frequency Adjective
  • The following tables give examples of adverbs of manner, location, time and frequency which do not end in -ly. well fast hard little loud or loudly much straight good fast hard little loud much straight Adverb of Manner Adjective far high low near wide far high low near wide Adverb of Location Adjective early first late long early first late long Adverb of Time Adjective daily monthly weekly yearly daily monthly weekly yearly Adverb of Frequency Adjective
  • It should also be noted that there are several adjectives ending in ly which have no corresponding adverbs:
    • friendly
    • likely
    • lively
    • lonely
    • silly
    • ugly
    • When it is desired to use one of these words to modify a verb, an adverb phrase of manner may be used.
    • In the following examples, the adverb phrases are underlined.
    • e.g.
      • He behaved in a friendly manner .
      • They acted in a silly way .
  • Adverbs With and Without ly Endings with effort opposite of low opposite of early opposite of far opposite of narrow hard high late near wide Meaning Adverb scarcely very; very well recently almost commonly hardly highly lately nearly widely Meaning Adverb