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WinterHolidays
Christmas• A celebration of the  birth of Jesus Christ.                           •http://www.the-north-pole.com/around/in...
The feast commemorates Abrahams   willingness to follow Gods command   to sacrifice his son Ishmael and   Ishmaels consent...
• The eight-day JewishHanukkah                                                                             celebration kno...
•   Kwanzaa is a 7 day festival celebrating                                                                               ...
•   Diwali is a five day Hindu festival.Diwali means "rows of    lighted lamps" The Festival of Lights. Diwali always    f...
Chinese New•   Chinese New Year starts with the New Moon on the    first day of the new year and ends on the full moon    ...
•    http://www.buzzle.com/articles/winter-holidays-around-the-world.html
Christmas•   Christmas is celebration of the birth of Jesus Christ.•   Christmas in the United States brings together many...
Eid al-Adha falls on the 10th day of the Islamic calendar’s     last month, Dhu al-Hijjah. Eid al-Adha falls within the   ...
•   The eight-day Jewish celebration known as                                                                             ...
•      Kwanzaa is a 7 day festival celebrating the                                                                        ...
•   Diwali is a five day Hindu festival which occurs on the    fifteenth day of Kartika. Diwali means "rows of lighted    ...
•   Chinese New Year starts with the New Moon on the first day    of the new year and ends on the full moon 15 days later....
Resources• Lesson Plan and rubric       • MULTICULTURAL• http://ly                      EDUCATION  .glenview34.org/teacher...
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Winter holiday celebrations

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  • UMOJA (Unity) - To strive for and maintain unity in the family, community, nation, and race. KUJICHAGULIA (Self-determination) - To define ourselves, name ourselves, and speak for ourselves instead of being defined and spoken for by others. UJIMA (Collective Work and Responsibility) - To build and maintain our community together and make our sister's and brother's problems our problems and to solve them together. UJAMAA (Cooperative Economics) - To build and maintain our own stores, shops, and other businesses and to profit from them together. NIA (Purpose) - To make our collective vocation the building and developing of our community in order to restore our people to their traditional greatness. KUUMBA (Creativity) - To do always as much as we can, in the way that we can, in order to leave our community more beautiful and beneficial than we inherited it. IMANI (Faith) - To believe with all our hearts and minds in our people, our parents, our teachers, our leaders, and the righteousness and victory of our struggle. Other principles are: UPENDO (Love) KUJINITHAMU (Self-discipline) KUJITEGEMEA (Self-reliance)
  • There are seven essential items needed for a Kwanzaa display. These 7 symbols are: MKEKA (straw mat) - represents african tradition and history, the foundation of our being. KINARA (candle holder) - represents our ancestors, upon whose shoulders we stand. MSHUMAA SABA (seven candles) - represents the seven principles of the Nguzo Saba, and one is lit for each day of Kwanzaa. MUHINDI (ears of corn) - represents the precious gift of children. Each ear of corn is represents each child of the family or one ear of corn for children hoped for. ZAWADI (gift) - represents the rewards of right actions, cultural and educational gifts to reinforce personal growth and achievement. MAZAO (crops, cornicopia of fruit) - represents the fruits of our collective and productive labors. KIKOMBE CHA UMOJA (unity cup) - represents oneness of purpose. http://www.sababuland.com/shule/kwanzaa/kwz.html#symbols
  • Transcript of "Winter holiday celebrations"

    1. 1. WinterHolidays
    2. 2. Christmas• A celebration of the birth of Jesus Christ. •http://www.the-north-pole.com/around/index.htm
    3. 3. The feast commemorates Abrahams willingness to follow Gods command to sacrifice his son Ishmael and Ishmaels consent to being sacrificed. Eid Al Adha At the very moment that Abraham raised the knife, Allah tells him to The Feast of stop -- they had passed the test -- and to replace Ishmael with a sacrificial Sacrifice ram.Before the festival, the faithful acquire new clothing and visit with family and friends.At dawn on the day of Eid, Muslims recite the traditional declaration of faith, the Takbir, followed by the pre- sunrise communal prayer, Salat al- Eid.Worshipers then greet friends with the traditional Arabic salutation of Eid Mubarak (“Have a blessed Eid”) and exchange gifts. http://www.huffingtonpost.com/2012/10/26/eid-al-adha-2012-photos-muslim-feast-of-sacrifice_n_2024516.html#slide=1690829
    4. 4. • The eight-day JewishHanukkah celebration known as Hanukkah or Chanukah commemorates the rededication during the second century B.C. of the Second Temple in Jerusalem. Hanukkah, which means "dedication." In 2012 it starts on December 8 and ends on December 16. • Often called the Festival of Lights, the holiday is celebrated with the lighting of the menorah, traditional “fried” foods, games and gifts.VIDEO: http://www.history.com/topics/hanukkah/videos#history-of-hanukkah http://www.history.com/to
    5. 5. • Kwanzaa is a 7 day festival celebrating the African American people, theirTHE FESTIVAL culture and their history. It is a time of celebration, community gathering, and OF reflection. A time of endings and beginnings. Kwanzaa begins on KWANZAA December 26th, the day after Christmas, and continues until New Years Day, January 1st. • Each evening a family member, usually the youngest child, lights candles in a special candleholder (kinara) and discusses one of the seven principles of Kwanzaa. The candles symbolize the seven basic values of African American family life that are unity, self- determination, collective work and responsibility, cooperative economics, purpose, creativity, and faith . On the sixth day, which falls on New Years Eve, family and friends get together to enjoy a large feast and to celebrate their http://www.sababuland.com/shule/kwanzaa/symbols.html history, culture, and the upcoming new VIDEO: http://www.history.com/topics/kwanzaa-history/videos#history-of-kwanzaa year.
    6. 6. • Diwali is a five day Hindu festival.Diwali means "rows of lighted lamps" The Festival of Lights. Diwali always falls in the months of October or November• During this time, homes are thoroughly cleaned and windows are opened to welcome Laksmi, goddess of wealth. Candles and lamps are lit as a greeting to Diwali Laksmi. Gifts are exchanged and festive meals are Hindu Holiday of Lights prepared during Diwali. The celebration means as much to Hindus as Christmas does to Christians.• The festival begins with Dhanteras, a day set aside to worship Laksmi. Wealth is not viewed as a corruptive power. A wealthy person is considered to have been rewarded for good deeds of a past life.• Second day Kali, the goddess of Strength. This day focuses on abolishing laziness and evil.• Third day, lamps are lighted and shine brightly in every home. The lamp symbolizes knowledge and encourages reflection upon the purpose of each day in the festival. The goal is to remember the purpose throughout the year.• The fourth day old business accounts are settled and new books are opened. The books are worshipped in a special ceremony and participants are encouraged to http://home.freeuk.net/elloughton13/dday.htm remove anger, hate, and jealousy from their lives.• On the final day (Balipratipada) of the festival, Bali, an ancient Indian king, is recalled. The focus is to see the good in others, including enemies..
    7. 7. Chinese New• Chinese New Year starts with the New Moon on the first day of the new year and ends on the full moon 15 days later. The 15th day of the new year is called Year the Lantern Festival, which is celebrated at night with lantern displays and children carrying lanterns in a parade.• The Chinese New Year falls on a different date each year. 2013: Sunday, February 10-YEAR OF THE SNAKE• New Years Eve and New Years Day are celebrated as a family affair, a time of reunion and thanksgiving. The celebration was traditionally highlighted with a religious ceremony given in honor of Heaven and Earth, the gods of the household and the family ancestors.• The sacrifice to the ancestors, the most vital of all the rituals, united the living members with those who had passed away. Departed relatives are remembered with great respect because they were responsible for laying the foundations for the fortune and glory of the family.• Bodhi Day: December 8 in commemoration of the enlightenment of the Buddha http://www.history.com/topics/chinese-new-year/videos#history-of-the-holidays-chinese-new-year
    8. 8. • http://www.buzzle.com/articles/winter-holidays-around-the-world.html
    9. 9. Christmas• Christmas is celebration of the birth of Jesus Christ.• Christmas in the United States brings together many customs from other countries and cultures. Around the world, family members help to decorate the tree and home with bright lights, wreaths, candles, holly, mistletoe, and ornaments. On Christmas Eve, many people go to church. Also on Christmas Eve, Santa comes from the North Pole in a sleigh to deliver gifts; in Hawaii, it is said he arrives by boat; in Australia, the jolly man arrives on water skis; and in Ghana, he comes out of the jungle. http://kids.nationalgeographic.com/kids/stories/peopleplaces/winter-celebrations/• Mexico celebrates with Posadas and pinatas http://ly.glenview34.org/teachers/wilson/webquest/holiday-webquest.html# lp. In Peru, children place food on their slippers for the camels that bring the wise men to baby Jesus. – MORE INFORMATION AT• http://www.the-north-pole.com/around/index.htm• http://www.soon.org.uk/en/articles/christmas/around-the-world.html• http://www.allthingschristmas.com/northpole/aroundworld.html •http://www.the-north-pole.com/around/index.htm
    10. 10. Eid al-Adha falls on the 10th day of the Islamic calendar’s last month, Dhu al-Hijjah. Eid al-Adha falls within the annual pilgrimage to Mecca known as the Hajj. Determining the exact date of Eid al-Adha, is a point of contention and some wait for an official announcement from the authorities in Mecca. Eid Al Adha In 2012 it was celebrated on October 26 in the USA.The festival commemorates Abrahams willingness to follow The Feast of Gods command to sacrifice his son Ishmael and Ishmaels consent to being sacrificed. At the very moment that Abraham raised the knife, Allah tells him to Sacrifice stop -- they had passed the test -- and to replace Ishmael with a sacrificial ram. In the Quran, Abraham is rewarded for his faith with a second son, Isaac. Today, it is is marked by slaughtering animals to feed the poor. Coming at the end of the Hajj, a journey of dedication and purification, Eid al-Adha is understood as an opportunity for second chances.Before the festival, the faithful acquire new clothing and visit with family and friends. At dawn on the day of Eid, Muslims recite the traditional declaration of faith, the Takbir, followed by the pre-sunrise communal prayer, Salat al-Eid, which is also said on Eid al-Fitr. Worshipers then greet friends with the traditional Arabic salutation of Eid Mubarak (“Have a blessed Eid”) and exchange gifts.In a symbolic act, Muslims who can afford it slaughter a cow, goat, sheep or camel, keeping a portion to feed themselves and distributing the rest to friends, family and the needy. Those who cant afford it, buy meat from a Halal butcher to distribute. Giving out this meat, in addition to the morning prayers, is considered an essential component of Eid al-Adha.http://www.huffingtonpost.com/2012/10/26/eid-al-adha-2012-photos-muslim-feast-of-sacrifice_n_2024516.html#slide=1690829
    11. 11. • The eight-day Jewish celebration known as Hanukkah or Chanukah commemorates theHanukkah rededication during the second century B.C. of the Second Temple in Jerusalem, where according to legend Jews had risen up against their Greek-Syrian oppressors in the Maccabean Revolt. • Hanukkah, which means "dedication" in Hebrew, begins on the 25th of Kislev on the Hebrew calendar and usually falls in November or December. In 2012 it starts on December 8 and ends on December16. • Often called the Festival of Lights, the holiday is celebrated with the lighting of the menorah, traditional “fried” foods, games and gifts. http://www.history.com/topics/hanukkah • Lighting the hanukkiyah: Every year it is customary to commemorate the miracle of the Hanukkah oil by lighting candles on a hanukkiyah. The hanukkiyah is lit every night for eight nights. Learn more about the hanukkiyah in: What Is a Hanukkiyah? | How to Light the Hanukkah Menorah | Hanukkah Candle Lighting Blessings. • Spinning the dreidel: A popular Hanukkah game is spinning the dreidel, which is a four-sided top with Hebrew letters written on each side. Read The Hanukkah Dreidel to learn more about the dreidel, the meaning of the letters and how to play the game. Gelt, which are chocolate coins covered with tin foil, are part of this game.VIDEO: http://www.history.com/topics/hanukkah/videos#history-of-hanukkah • Eating fried foods: Because Hanukkah celebrates the miracle of oil, it is traditional to eat fried foods such as latkes and sufganiyot during the holiday. Latkes are pancakes made out of potatoes and onions, which are fried in oil and then served with applesauce. Sufganiyot (singular: sufganiyah) are jelly-filled donuts that are fried and sometimes dusted with confectioners’ sugar before eating. Learn more about Hanukkah food traditions: Hanukkah Food Traditions | What Is a Latke? • Hanukkah Traditions for Kids – http://judaism.about.com/od/holidays/a/hanukkah.htm
    12. 12. • Kwanzaa is a 7 day festival celebrating the African American people, their culture and theirTHE FESTIVAL history. It is a time of celebration, community gathering, and reflection. A time of endings and beginnings. Kwanzaa begins on December 26th, OF the day after Christmas, and continues until New Years Day, January 1st. KWANZAA • Each evening a family member, usually the youngest child, lights candles in a special candleholder (kinara) and discusses one of the seven principles of Kwanzaa. The candles symbolize the seven basic values of African American family life that are unity, self- determination, collective work and responsibility, cooperative economics, purpose, creativity, and faith . On the sixth day, which falls on New Years Eve, family and friends get together to enjoy a large feast and to celebrate their history, culture, and the upcoming new year. • The holiday of Kwanzaa was created by Dr. Maulana Karenga in 1966, during the period of US history in which African Americans were involved in struggles for their civil rights. This was the period of Martin Luther King, the Civil Rights movement, and Black Power. In fact the name he gave to the holiday, "Kwanzaa," comes from the Kiswahili phrase for "first fruit" - VIDEO: http://www.history.com/topics/kwanzaa-history/videos#history-of-kwanzaa matunda ya kwanza. (Kiswahili, or Swahili, is the largest spoken language on the African continent and thus the language of Kwanzaa). • http://www.holidays.net/kwanzaa/story.htm
    13. 13. • Diwali is a five day Hindu festival which occurs on the fifteenth day of Kartika. Diwali means "rows of lighted lamps" and the celebration is often referred to as the Festival of Lights. During this time, homes are Diwali thoroughly cleaned and windows are opened to welcome Laksmi, goddess of wealth. Candles and lamps are lit as a greeting to Laksmi. Gifts are exchanged and festive meals are prepared during Diwali. The celebration means as much to Hindus as Hindu Holiday of Lights Christmas does to Christians.• Because there are many regions in India, there are many manifestations of the Diwali festival. In at least one area, the festival begins with Dhanteras, a day set aside to worship Laksmi. In the Indian culture, wealth is not viewed as a corruptive power. Instead, a wealthy person is considered to have been rewarded for good deeds of a past life.• On the second day Kali, the goddess of Strength, is worshipped. This day also focuses on abolishing laziness and evil.• On the third day (the last day of the year in the lunar calendar), lamps are lighted and shine brightly in every home. The lamp symbolizes knowledge and encourages reflection upon the purpose of each day in the festival. The goal is to remember the purpose throughout the year.• The fourth day of Diwali falls on the first day of the lunar New Year. At this time, old business accounts are settled and new books are opened. The books are worshipped in a special ceremony and participants are encouraged to remove anger, hate, and jealousy from their lives.• On the final day (Balipratipada) of the festival, Bali, an http://home.freeuk.net/elloughton13/dday.htm ancient Indian king, is recalled. Bali destroyed the centuries old philosophies of the society. However, in addition to this, he is remembered for being a generous person. Thus, the focus of this day is to see the good in others, including enemies.• Because there is no one universally accepted Hindu
    14. 14. • Chinese New Year starts with the New Moon on the first day of the new year and ends on the full moon 15 days later. The 15th day of the new year is called the Lantern Festival, which is celebrated at night with lantern displays and children carrying lanterns in a parade. Chinese New Year• The Chinese calendar is based on a combination of lunar and solar movements. The lunar cycle is about 29.5 days. In order to "catch up" with the solar calendar the Chinese insert an extra month once every few years (seven years out of a 19- yearcycle). This is the same as adding an extra day on leap year. This is why, according to the solar calendar, the Chinese New Year falls on a different date each year. 2013: Sunday, February 10-YEAR OF THE SNAKE• New Years Eve and New Years Day are celebrated as a family affair, a time of reunion and thanksgiving. The celebration was traditionally highlighted with a religious ceremony given in honor of Heaven and Earth, the gods of the household and the family ancestors.• The sacrifice to the ancestors, the most vital of all the rituals, united the living members with those who had passed away. Departed relatives are remembered with great respect because they were responsible for laying the foundations for the fortune and glory of the family.• The presence of the ancestors is acknowledged on New Years Eve with a dinner arranged for them at the family banquet table. The spirits of the ancestors, together with the living, celebrate the onset of the New Year as one great community. The communal feast called "surrounding the stove" or weilu. It symbolizes family unity and honors the past and present generations. http://www.history.com/topics/chinese-new-year/videos#history-of-the-holidays-chinese-new-year
    15. 15. Resources• Lesson Plan and rubric • MULTICULTURAL• http://ly EDUCATION .glenview34.org/teachers/ • http://www.giftcards.com/mu wilson/webquest/holiday- webquest.html• Fit holiday foods for kids http://fit.webmd.com/kids/food/article/holiday-foods
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