LEONARDO DA VINCI PARTNERSHIP 2011-1-TR1-LEO04-24209
HANDBOOK OF GOOD
This project has been funded with support from the European Commission. This publication
reflects the views only of the author, and the Commission cannot be held responsible for any
use which may be made of the information contained there in.
LEONARDO DA VINCI PARTNERSHIP 2011-1-TR1-LEO04-24209
1. Worksen Project ..................................................................................................................................3
1.1. Partners ………….. .............................................................................................................. 3
1.2. Objectives……………………………………………..................................................................... 3
1.3. Main Acvities................................................................................................................................... 4
1.4. Photos from Project activities………………………………………………………………………4
1.5.Dissemenation and use of results……………………………………………………………………5
2. Good Practices:.....................................................................................................................................6
Poland... .................................................................................................................................................. .6
2.1.Examples of good practices taken in worksen Project.
(Specjalny Ośrodek Szkolno-Wychowawczy im. Jerzego Strzałkowskiego w Lesznie).............6
2.2. Good practices in Bucharest University
(University Bucureşti Facultatea de Psihologie şi Ştiinţele Educaţiei, Secţia Psihopedagogie
2.3 Good practices in working with students with special needs.
(Scoala Speciala nr. 7.Bucharest)…………………………………………………………… 38
2.4 Examples of good practices taken in worksen Project.
(Hurin Yavuzalp İş Okulu.Ankara)…………………………………………………………… 53
1. WORKSEN PROJECT
(Leonardo da Vinci Partnership 2011-1-TR1-LEO04-24209)
Project Title: Comparing The Techniques Used in Special Needs Vocational Education and
Supporting Their Social and Vocational Integration
Acronym : WORKSEN
Project extent : 2011-2013
Target group : Children with light and moderate mental deficiencies
1. Ankara Esnaf ve Sanatkârlar Odaları Birliği – TURKEY
2. Hurin Yavuzalp İş Okulu – TURKEY (Coordinator)
3. Bala Halk Eğitimi Merkezi Müdürlüğü – TURKEY
4. Scoala Speciala nr. 7 – ROMANIA
5. University Bucureşti Facultatea de Psihologie şi Ştiinţele Educaţiei, Secţia
Psihopedagogie Specială – ROMANIA
6. Specjalny Ośrodek Szkolno-Wychowawczy im. Jerzego Strzałkowskiego w Lesznie –
Supporting the integration of disabled people into society in order to prevent risk of
Verifying the learning environment considering their mental disabilities and skills;
Developing the cooperation between school and sector so that the pupils can be
employed in appropriate places in terms of their skills and interest;
Training parents on how to treat their mentally disabled children in order to ease the
load on them;
İnforming the parents and pupils about the social rights of mentally disabled people and
to prevent the discrimination;
Encouraging the pupils to take part in country economy and have the awareness of
Meeting the necessities by comparing curricular contents and exchanging good
practices of application and new approaches;
İmproving the pupils' skills of adaptation in school and working environment;
Developing entrepreneurial competencies using the "virtual company"
Enhance classroom applications in order to support the competencies needed for the
development of a future career;
İmproving pre-professional abilities of students for integration in vocational high-
Enhancing vocational education of teachers working with children with special needs;
İmproving conditions for social inclusion of children with special needs; for the project to have better
chances, we should find another professional school for children with SEN from another countries;
1.3 MAIN ACTIVITIES;
Comparing the professional offer and social insertion for children with special needs by
presenting the situation from partner countries (professional schools’ offers and labour
Project site (www.worksen.com),
Sending postcards made by the pupils on special days of partner countries (New Year,
Christmas, National days),
Workshop: Cooking together,
Two-days work experience: introducing the students to real-life vocational
environments, such as café, bakery, supermarkets, cleaning companies, or handicraft
shops and introducing the employees to special needs people,
Making a brochure and a poster,
Preparing the formation module for the parents of children with special needs and the
Research (case study): the impact of the module on parents (comparison by
questionnaires before and after teaching the module),
Preparing the guide of good practice,
Exhibition of the pupils products and photos.
1.4 PHOTOS FROM PROJECT ACTIVITIES;
1.5 DISSEMINATION AND USE OF RESULTS;
The module to be used in the training of parents on treating disabled children, the work
legislation and social rights will be an important part of dissemination. It can be applied in all
special needs schools and centres. The published versions of this module will be distributed to
the public authorities (incl. the Ministry of Education), parents, special needs education
institutions and adult education institutions.
The website will serve not only for students to perform in the virtual company but also to
disseminate the project activities to all countries.
The handbook of good examples to develop the students' social and entrepreneurial
competences will be distributed to the public authorities, to the department of Special Needs
Education in each country’s respective Ministry of Education.
Local and national media representatives, public authority representatives, employees and
people in the neighbourhood will be invited to the dance performance and exhibition of
products and photos.
The project will be introduced to local authority by means of brochures, and posters.
2. GOOD PRACTICES;
It is also difficult to know when a practice is good or not, the best one or not.As human
beings,we often doubt what we say is true,but we have tried.Consequently,we present you
some practices and collected in the project partnership countries.These practices show how
education for disabled is something alive in the countries participating in the Life Long
Our project aims preparation of handbook of good examples to develop the students’ social and
entrepreneurial competencies in and outside the school.
This good practice handbook is one of the outputs of WORKSEN Project.
2.1 EXAMPLES OF GOOD PRACTICE TAKEN IN WORKSEN
(SPECJALNY OŚRODEK SZKOLNO-WYCHOWAWCZY
IM. PŁK. JERZEGO STRZAŁKOWSKIEGO W LESZNIE)
2-DAYS WORK EXPERIENCE IN THE RESTAURANT
Group of 13 students took part in 2-days training in one of the Warsaw’s
restaurant. Participants gained basic knowledge of preparing food and serving
customers. Students were trained in all positions. From the waiter through the bartender
to the chef. They have learnt essential tips about food handling, working behind the bar
and waiter service.
2-DAYS WORK EXPERIENCE IN THE HAIRDRESSING SALON
14 students of vocational school participated in 2-days training in hair salons.
Participants had opportunity to learn hairdressing techniques. Under the guidance of
professionals students practiced hair washing, haircutting, coloring and styling. They
have been integrated into professional life.
PREPARING EASTER CARDS FOR PARTNER INSTITUTIONS
On Art classes students made Easter postcards for the partner institutions. Using
traditional motifs and patterns pupils presented Polish tradition to students from
Romania and Turkey. Students designed and prepared the cards. Moreover
participation in the workshops improved their art skills and increased awareness of
PREPARING HAND-MADE CARDS FOR TURKEY’S REPUBLIC DAY
Students had opportunity to learn about Turkey by creating cards for The Republic
Day. They personally searched for Turkish symbols and motifs. Additionally studied partner
country’s history and compare to their own. Students benefit from growth cultural awareness
and widened their experience.
PREPARING CHRISTMAS CARDS FOR PARTNER INSTITUTIONS
Students developed their talents by designing and making Christmas cards. They
searched for motifs, materials and occasional greetings. Pupils showed their creativity.
Moreover communication in foreign language increased their self-confidence. Additionally
they had chance to compare Christmas symbols and traditions in partner countries.
Students of vocational school participated in workshops where they learnt about decoupage
technique. They were trained in decorating items step by step. Their self-made products were
photographed and exhibited on the virtual company website.
DANCE PERFORMANCE IN BUCHAREST
In March 2012 group of eight students took part in the dance performance. At the
meeting in Romania students presented three dances including traditional Polonaise and two
modern dances. They gave a great performance in the international event. Moreover they had
chance to meet students from partner schools.
COOKING CONTEST IN BUCHAREST
During mobility to Romania in March 2012 group of eight students took part in
cooking contest. Together with Turkish and Romanian they prepared a tiramisu dessert. Apart
from practice cooking students had opportunity to improved communication skills and made
EASTER WORKSHOPS IN BUCHAREST
During visit at Special School nr 7 in Bucharest pupils participated in Easter
workshops. Together with members of partner organizations they made traditional crafts. At
the workshops students could meet different cultures and background.
PARENTS’ TRAINING COURSE
In September and November 2012 group of parents and legal guardians attended the
training course. During 15- hours course they have been trained in work legislation and social
rights of disabled people. Participation in the course increased parents’ awareness towards their
children and improved knowledge about rights of person with disability.
MOBILITIES (FIRST MEETING);
ANKARA (TURKEY) NOVEMBER- 2011
At the first meeting two teachers from Poland stayed in Ankara for a week. Participants
visited vocational units in special schools and occupational therapy workshops. During the
meeting they got know special education system in Turkey and were guests of partner
MOBILITIES (SECOND MEETING);
BUCHAREST (ROMANIA) MARCH/APRIL - 2012
At the meeting in Bukarest in Spring 2012 eight students and two teachers from Poland
visited Special School nr 7. Group took part in cooking contest, dance performance, Easter
workshops and football match with Romanian students. Participants exchanged experience,
improved their communication skills and developed their pre-professional abilities.
MOBILITIES (THIRD MEETING);
BUCHAREST (ROMANIA) OCTOBER- 2012
In October 2012 four teachers from Poland took part in the meeting at the University of
Bucharest. Group visited vocational special schools and participated in occupational
workshops. Representatives presented raports of the labour market in partner countries.
2.2 GOOD PRACTICES IN BUCHAREST UNIVERSITY
In the context of current educational reforms and national and international legislation, a
special importance is given to the generous principles of “education for all’, to the idea of
acceptance of human diversity without discrimination, optimal school, professional and social
integration of all children, youth and adults experiencing difficulties, and not least of
generalization of the “inclusive school”.
Besides schools, a number of associations, foundations, non-governmental organizations
(NGOs) etc. focuses on finding the most effective ways to integrate children and young people
with various disabilities or handicaps to make real the principle of equal opportunities in life,
education and practice of appropriate professions so that they are appreciated and, as possible,
An example of this is represented by the “best practices” of “Alpha Transilvană”
Foundation, which combines the information, advice and mediation of employment for people
with disabilities with productive activity carried out in three sheltered workshops and in
second-hand stores reconditioned by people with disabilities.
Within this foundation, each activity aims at specific objectives for the benefit of persons
Information and counseling consist in providing information and/or specialized
support to a person regarding: choosing an occupation, progress in an occupation,
adapting to a changing occupation, changing of occupation or profession, any other
issues related to a profession.
Information and vocational counseling - which consists of three major types of
Professional information (“vocational orientation”) - which involves providing
identifying the information needs of the client, providing labor market
information (about occupations, trades and professions, practice, salary and
promotion requirements, conditions imposed by employers, occupations
dynamics), giving information about the person requesting support
(psychological profile, vocational interests), identifying strengths as a basis in
determining career path.
Counseling and psychological evaluation – the confidential way to offer support
to people being in crisis situations.
The psychological evaluation is performed in order to create the psychological
profile of the beneficiary to provide the integration environment suitable to
his/her psychological structure.
It requires a special form of communication, an individualized relationship
established between the counselor and the client within its limits being
accomplished: identification of the client problems, determination of the steps
which have to be followed (along with the persons that are counseled).
Vocational counseling - which is based on the personal development
principle and implies the encouragement of autonomy and the increase of the
motivation degree of the client, so that he or she is actively involved in
solving personal problems, assuming responsibility for taking decisions in the
Vocational counseling consists in: choosing the occupation/profession, employment or
professional training enrollment, conceiving of objectives, goals, preparation of the
professional balance of the individual being counseled, preparation of the individual action
plan based on the results of individual discussion and tests conducted, organization of practical
applications in order to learn the techniques and tools needed for finding a job: preparing a CV,
the letter of intent, the letter of thanking, interview presentation, monitoring and evaluation
throughout the process of informing and vocational counseling of each client.
Vocational education - represents a program designed to develop the job-related
skills of young people with disabilities willing to work, in order to successfully cope
with job demands.
In the vocational education program one does not focus on vocational training of youth in
some profession, but on their social skills and abilities training needed for the integration
process and for keeping a job.
The vocational education program is divided into four steps:
1. Selection of companies and beneficiaries - is done starting with an acceptance
response from them, based on an assessment of the workplace and on the consistency between
job requirements and capabilities of youth with mental disability.
2. Workplace practice - practice of youth is carried out under a collaboration agreement
between the Alpha Transilvană Foundation and the host company.
Youth will be monitored throughout the period of probation, aiming at the development,
adaptability and social integration.
At this stage, gaining beneficiary independence and the understanding that sooner or later
he or she will have to go his/her own way it is important, not because he/she was abandoned,
but because he/she learned to fend for himself/herself.
3. Vocational counseling - Vocational counseling meetings have different themes
formulated in an adapted language, easy to understand, in order to identify client’s problems, to
determine the steps for choosing a job, to conceive the objectives and goals of the beneficiary,
to prepare of the individual action plan based on the results of individual discussion.
4. Activities for the development of independent life skills - consisting of a minimum
set of skills that allow the holder to conduct a normal social life, not needing any assistance or
accompanying from social services.
These activities are carried out at the “Alpha Transilvană” Foundation in those days
when the young man is not at the practical training in the workplace and are grouped in the
following themes: daily life skills, the skills of home management and use of community
resources, money management skills, skills regarding personal care, skills regarding social
“Alpha Transilvană” Foundation carries out productive activities in:
ATRIUM sheltered workshop - organized for the purpose of establishing a socio-economic
enterprise which allows the use of human resources through training and inclusion in the work
field of people with disabilities from Mureş County.
Work in this workshop takes place in a specially designed space from the “Alpha
Transilvană” Foundation, having personnel especially employed, including, in particular, the
preparation and packaging services of office and stationery equipment
production, trade and services in the fields of textile industry, bookbinding, desk
work supplies, stationery, packaging, serigraphy, candle and decorative items
counseling, vocational guidance, qualification and continuous professional
training in accordance with the requirements of the labor market
consulting in various areas: accessibility of spaces and workplaces for people
with handicap, quality standards and social responsibility, project management
Alpha kitchen and Jan Gerssen bakery
The protected unit kitchen Alpha accredited according to the law 448/2006 provides
solutions to companies on the effective use of handicap funding due to the state budget under
This activity includes especially the service of preparing and serving complete meals
for immediate consumption.
Different services are:
• preparation and sale of hot food meals
• preparation and sale of sandwiches and pastries
• serving meals in own dining room (50 seats)
• organizing festive dinners
• hot meals, Swedish buffet and coffee break catering
Alpha – Filantro stores – sells clothing and other second-hand products.
SC Timural Group SRL – www.timural.ro - is a protected enterprise under Law
448/2006, located in Târgu Mureş, which provides products and services done by people with
disabilities employed with labor card. Company history begins in 2003, working on two levels:
provides solutions for companies with more than 50 employees regarding the effective
use of handicap funding due to the state budget, according to the law
provides employment opportunities for people with handicap.
Services and products offered by SC TIMURAL SRL are:
customization on any fabric or paper
making of neon signs, billboards, banners
making of street signs, warning signs, leaflets, labels
“Ateliere Protejate” Association (“sheltered workshops”) in Bucharest presents its
work, plans, projects, joys, accomplishments, best practices etc. from the 10 years of activity in
the “HandiCapabil” magazine numbers.
Association "sheltered workshops" in Bucharest celebrated 10 years of activity dedicated
to people with intellectual handicap, aiming to increase their social independence, especially in
the daily activities of self-assistance and personal autonomy (washing dishes, preparing tea,
cooking, cleaning the workshop, sowing over 5000 broccoli, eggplant and tomatoes seeds etc.),
apparently simple, but important to obtain self-confidence and valuing own resources.
Within the “Ateliere Protejate” Association functions the “Boxberg House” project,
through which every person was given the responsibility to assume some tasks in order to
achieve the project purpose: to increase the independence of each beneficiary in organizing of
own life, buying food, proposing recipes, working in the kitchen, with the help of some
volunteer mothers, who insured a thorough training in culinary activities and work safety.
Such activities were alternated with leisure programs (walks outdoors, visit to the zoo,
visits of cultural objectives, socialization along other groups, jogging in the Youth Park,
around the lake in the middle of the park, every young person with handicap trying to
overcome his/her limits.
A young woman, while
struggling to climb a
enthusiastically: “You rise
me up, so I can stand on
5 young people with Down syndrome, beneficiaries of “Ateliere Protejate” Association
in Bucharest have conducted in collaboration with “Caritas” Association interesting activities
such as: „Noaptea Lumânărilor“ (“The Night of Candles”), manufacturing of candles (sold
initially in front of the churches, then to “Glaxo Smith Kline” company, which offered
sponsorship to renovate one of the association houses, where there is a space for individual
study), celebrating Christmas, Easter, birthdays, organizing anual camps with the support of
practitioners from Germany and Austria, Open Doors Day, “Fall Market” activity held at the
“CopiiiRo” Association headquarters, “Christmas Market” activity, participation of 5 young
men at the large project “Pasărea de foc” (“Firebird”) together with other 90 children and
young people from other projects.
An interesting activity of the association youth, organized through the European program
“Youth in Action’ consisted in the camp organized with “Curtea Culorilor” (“Color
Courtyard”) and “Punto Missione” associations, activity to which 11 Italian students
“Mlădiţa” (“Sprout”) Association from Ciocănari provided to young people with
handicap the opportunity to test new skills in gardening (planting tomatoes, eggplant, broccoli)
and cleaning the space also housing some bunnies, hens, but ornamental shrubs too.
Such activities reduce the risk of exclusion, marginalization, stigmatization, etc. of
children and youth with handicap.
Financial benefits obtained show that the future of the “Ateliere Protejate” Association
can be represented by providing of services for different companies.
Much more important, however, are the benefits in the adaptive plan and the optimization
of the integration of children and young people with handicap, as reflected in their
“Here I learned songs, making candles in the boiler”
“I am happy and it suits me not to leave from here. I like being with the colleagues, I cannot do
manual work alone”
“To be nice, not arguing with colleagues, not speaking badly”
“I like parties and taking photos with colleagues”
“This is the last, where you can find like this? People around me do not care about it. But I continue
doing my job as I can. That is, time passes”
“A pool is missing”
“You wish all people good health, have a family in their home and be born without
sickness” (Simona, 33)
“I enjoy working fine! I come alone at the Workshop now and I’m glad, it is good I fend for myself”
“I’m thrifty, I help people”
“I check containers for labels, I arrange the boxes etc.”
“I work, I do a good job, I take care of colleagues, I help them, I talk to them, we communicate and
I come every day to continue working”
“I changed my behavior. I have a girlfriend. She is an intelligent girl. She has a good soul, she is
hard-working and I have what to learn from her, she knows well how to relate with people”
“I do not know if the Workshop will exist any longer… I’d like to get a job, but it is not up to me”
Angels Down Association, as a private law legal person without patrimonial purpose,
was founded in March 8, 2011 by a group of parents of children with Down syndrome, with
the purpose of valuing of their own children, to offer support for social integration of children
and for changing of mentalities, attitudes, preconceptions through the development of some
information, counseling, recovery and integration programs.
The purpose and objectives of this association are:
to promote, protect and represent the legal rights and interests of children, adolescents
and adults who were diagnosed with Down syndrome
a better adaptation and social integration
to eliminate marginalization and segregation
to increase the level of autonomy of children, adolescents and adults with Down
syndrome in solving the tasks of everyday life for an independent life
to eliminate the risk of handicap caused by lack of affection to these persons
to know the problems generated by the integration of children with this condition and
to advise parents caring for children with this syndrome
the development of day care centers for children, adolescents and adults with Down
syndrome and for tutors and support persons from their social network
initial and periodic assessment of children and adults with Down syndrome who
benefit from the association’s services
developing individual programs adapted to the needs and level of development of each
beneficiary in order to improve symptoms and develop new skills and adaptive
development of therapeutic programs adapted to the needs of beneficiaries: speech
therapy, physical therapy, physiotherapy, occupational therapy, art therapy, ABA
counseling adults and adolescents who experience anxiety and/or depression due to
organizing camps and excursions, entertainment and recreational activities
carrying out activities in diverse social backgrounds
vocational and occupational counseling
Name of the entity: Asociaţia Angels Down
Fiscal identification code: 28100026
Phone no. 0723 0 198 33, 0722 45 46 85, 07184.108.40.206
Web site: www.angelsdown.ro
supporting adults with Down syndrome in identifying, obtaining and maintaining
counseling and informing the family and/or support persons with the necessary actions
to maintain children/people with Down syndrome and adapt to their needs
individual and group counseling of child tutors/person with Down syndrome facing
problems on a personal level (anxiety, depression, physical and/or psychological
promotion and support of the rights of people with Down syndrome
promotion of solidarity and equality
actions for awareness and public awareness about the reality of life for those suffering
from Down syndrome and their families
preventing the abandonment of newborns with Down syndrome through direct contact
and moral support to new parents for permanent relationship with them
informing pregnant women about the importance of tests and ultrasound during
pregnancy and how pregnancy must be monitored
actions with an educational purpose in schools to support integration and adaptation of
children with Down syndrome
fundraising to support the activities of the association
drawing up and managing applications to various local, governmental and European
financing projects, attracting grants and sponsorships to support the programs of the
classic or electronic format editing of publications and materials to support the goals
and objectives of the association
monitoring, maintenance and development of professional networks and other
stakeholders to support the activities of the association
discounting drugs and medical services, ABA alternative therapies which are not free
for people with Down syndrome.
Activities assigned to determine the “best practices”:
Obtaining the financial resources by attracting an estimated number of 1400-1500 persons
who redirected 2% of their income tax
Informing and raising awareness of community on issues regarding Down syndrome
Making of the official website of the association, www.angelsdown.ro, and a partnership
with Radio Romania, to raise awareness of the public opinion about persons with Down
“Congratulations, you have a baby!” project to achieve a folder with information
materials for new parents who have a child with Down syndrome, launched at the World
Down Syndrome Day, on March 21, 2013
Psychological, speech therapy, therapeutic services and language and cognitive
component development activities of children aged 7 months - 12 years at their home
Celebrating the International Day of Persons with Disabilities with the “League for the
promotion and protection of rights of persons with disabilities in Romania” (December 3,
Establishing a partnership with Carrefour Group, for fundraising needed for the activities
of the association
Fundraising through the mechanism of redirecting 2% of the income tax, donations, etc.
Participation at sport activities (Special Olympics)
Collaboration with Kinetobebe gymnastics and massage center, I.O.M.C „Alfred
Rusescu“ and 11th grade A classroom, I. L. Caragiale National College in the “Şcoala
Altfel!” („Different School”) program, whose objective being the information and raising
the awareness of students about their neighbors who are different, but who, through a
sustained effort, can go beyond, being endowed with qualities, despite the prejudices of
society and the obstacles they face and offering of 50 folders with informative
materials (Different School program, presentation of Angels Down Association,
presentation of Down Syndrome problems), 50 printed shirts, 50 certificates of
Presentation of examples of good practice for children with special needs who were
integrated into the general education, emphasizing the role of educator in the integration
and learning process
Forming of a mixed playing group of 15-20 children, its goal being the increase of the
independence level in solving the daily life tasks of children with Down syndrome (pre-
professionalization, seeking learning, strengthening and generalizing the skills necessary
for independent living based on personalized intervention plans) and attracting volunteers
Forming a support group for parents (15 families), moderated by a psychologist with
experience in family relationships psychoanalysis and a parent of a child with Down
syndrome, licensed in psychology, aiming to optimize the parent-child relationship in the
context of diagnosing the child with Down syndrome and of difficulties that that arise in
Information and improvement of Angels Down Association members (attendance
of the Grundtvig UP4DOWNKIDS Transnational Seminar GRU-LP-11-P-101-DJ-NL
in Craiova, Romania, October 12 to 13, 2012), and “A single voice for disability”
seminar, Câmpina (October 27, 2012), organized by the profile associations
Association “Alternativa 2003” functions as NPO and NGO from 2003, being composed of
parents of children with mental handicap and associated, medium and severe (which are
beneficiaries) and specialists involved with parents in rehabilitation, education and social and
professional integration of youth (16-30 years old) with disabilities who cannot be enrolled in any
other form of education
The association provides:
• Group educational programs
• Social work
• Psychological and psycho-pedagogical counseling, specialized education, rehabilitation
• Leisure and socialization activities
• Vocational and occupational training services
• Professionalization services
“Alternativa 2003” association, under the National Authority for persons with handicap, funded
the “Together for another road - Alternative Day Center” (“Împreună pentru un alt drum – Centrul de Zi
Alternativa”), regarding possibilities of socio-professional integration of young people with disabilities
in Romania, by which were provided alternatives for young people with disabilities (and for their
parents) who, after the age of 18, drop out of the education system and try to integrate professional,
tending towards self-improvement and overcoming of limitations caused by the disability.
The project also included practitioner specialists of Special Schools nos. 1, 6, 7, 8,10 and 11,
who participated in the “Alternative for integration” seminar sharing their educational experience.
“Alternativa 2003” association highlights:
The advantages and peculiarities of people with intellectual disabilities that make them
competitive in the labor market:
represent an important workforce
have specific skills
they are suitable for routine work involving great routine
they do not get bored soon
in many cases they are more productive than people without disabilities
increased motivation comparing to other people
they do not generate conflicts
handicap itself is not an obstacle to employment
they are less interested in changing jobs
they are very punctual and are not absent without motive, having a highly
developed consciousness of work
they provide a positive image of the company
benefits of companies that hire people with disabilities:
tax incentives represented by wages received
improvement of company image
disciplined labor workforce
workforce willing to do repetitive work
Identifying and assessing the causes that negatively impact the socio-professional integration
of young people with handicap/severe disabilities (lack of information and collaboration of families
of these children with schools, poor educational and vocational guidance, the small number of
professions and occupations appropriate for these young people, lack of sheltered workshops,
reserved attitude of employers towards people with severe disabilities, etc.) and in accordance with
the Program of Employment of Workforce, “Alternativa 2003” association contributes to the
decrease of unemployment among people with special needs through incentives to employers who
hire unemployed persons over 45 years of age, unique family providers, persons with handicap,
organizing vocational training courses, providing free mediation services on job vacancies or newly
created jobs by a current activity which consists in providing information about job vacancies,
facilitating links to people seeking employment with employers, in drawing up individual plans for
mediation, in the organization of general job “stock exchange” or of specialized ones, people with
They exist too…
They have dreams too…
Do not deny them the chance of a normal life!
Your attitude means
The main job offer
The main occupations
• textile maker (926)
• cloth maker (570)
• operator (285)
• footwear maker (182)
• carpenter (173)
• welder (155)
• mason (120)
• handler (103)
• tailor (80)
• wood worker (78)
• street sweeper (76)
The main occupations for people with
• engineer in various industries (234)
• economist (149)
• financial-banking inspector (93)
• accountable (64)
• pharmacist (37)
• analyst (8)
• automatist (5)
• arhitect (4)
Types of handicaps
• loco-motor (1.828)
• hard of hearing (1.175)
• physical (617)
• mild (509)
• somatic (456)
• hearing (365)
• associated (156)
• sensorial (97)
• deaf-mute (96)
• psychological mild (40)
Modele de bune practici în activarea factorilor care condiționează reușita integrării copiilor și
tinerilor cu dizabilități
pilot centers offering counseling services
counseling and mediation to fill a job
increasing employment opportunities for persons with disabilities in Romania
changing the attitude of society regarding social and professional integration or
reintegration of persons with handicap
Parents in the school – family partnership
early social learning, in family, adapted to the individual skills of the child with
performing by parents of specific tasks in school-family partnership:
providing real and useful information about child problems, necessary in the
ensuring continuity of education provided in schools
contributing to the development of educational services
development of rational attitudes towards own children and young people
with disabilities, avoiding states of anxiety, self-victimization, self-
culpability, misinformation, overprotection, underprotection or ignoring of
the child, labeling, lack self-confidence of the child or the young man with
community involvement in socio-professional integration of people with disabilities
because people with disabilities are fully fledged citizens, for whom ensuring a job means
not only a decent living for themselves and their families, but also an objective necessity
of the entire Romanian society
involvement of NGOs in socio-professional integration of persons with disabilities in
combating discrimination, promoting human rights, avoiding philanthropic attitudes
motivated by unjustified mercy, eliminating wrong mentality and social stereotypes about
people with disabilities
“Alternativa” Daycare Center was founded in partnership with several institutions for the
protection of children and youth, having as main objective education, rehabilitation and
vocational training of young people with mental handicap and associated medium/severe by
developing skills and abilities to help them live independently.
To achieve this goal, “Alternativa” Daycare Center provides vocational and occupational
training services, professionalization, social work, psychological and psycho-pedagogical
counseling, specialized education, socialization, occupational therapy, computer skills.
Main diseases the beneficiaries are suffering of are different: chronic infantile
encephalopathy, Down syndrome, autism, epilepsy, cerebral palsy, severe mental deficiency.
Activities of the Center are coordinated by specialists and implemented according to
individualized programs for each child, depending on the nature of handicap, age and individual
capabilities. The primary target is the development of the communication skills of the beneficiary,
the encouragement of the development of interpersonal relationships and the development of
manual skills. Also their families - an important factor in working with this group of people - are
encouraged and supported to continue educational and rehabilitation activities at home.
Through the services offered by the “Alternativa 2003” association in the “Alternativa” day
care center, these young people will continue their education, thus avoiding their family and
school abandonment and isolation from society.
Education and vocational
new jobs for
access to the
respecting of individual rights in
services in the
scientific, legal and
education programs in
the sciences and social
Special Middle School “Constantin Paunescu” is the largest special school in
Bucharest, which operates since 1980 (special school with grades I-VIII for students with
mild and moderate disabilities and I-X grade classes for students with mental deficiency,
neuro-motor deficiencies, severe deficiencies/associated, and kindergarten for preschoolers
with severe/profound deficiencies), providing educational and, educational and therapeutic-
rehabilitation assistance for children/students/young people with SEN, through activities
valued as models of good practice, corresponding to a modern educational process, adapted to
the specific of each deficiency of students.
children of preschool age (between 3-7 years old)
children of school age (8-16 years old)
eighth grade graduates of special schools for pre-professionalization
homebound children, through home schooling and reduced frequency
children with SEN integrated in mainstream schools
Children with SEN have various diagnoses: from moderate to severe/associated
deficiencies impaired, from Down syndrome to autism, from severe motor deficiencies to
partially sight or hearing deficiencies, from language disorders or severe communication
difficulties to major disorders of adaptive and social behavior.
The qualified professionals and school-based teachers have different
specializations: special psycho-pedagogy teachers or teachers for compensatory therapies
(speech disorders therapy, kinetic-therapy or psycho-diagnosis), teachers of different
specialties (physical education, religion), educators, foremen-instructors, doctors, nurses,
para-professionals, social worker, all featuring a rich teaching experience, imagination and
creativity, pedagogic talent and interest for self-improvement, qualities valued in the teaching
process and in coordinating the pedagogical practicum of students from the University of
Bucharest, Faculty of Psychology and Educational Sciences - Special psycho-pedagogy
The fundamental objective: to prepare students with deficiencies for optimal
integration into social and professional life.
EXAMPLES OF GOOD PRACTICES
pre-professionalization activities, having vocational nature – work-related activities
held in school workshops - which contribute to the formation of abilities and skills
involved in socio-professional integration of students with deficiencies, but also to
their cognitive, communicational, socio-emotional and relational development.
Occupational therapy activities
Newly created optional subjects in the “Technology” curriculum area
Specialized teaching workshops
Household and farm workshops – in which the activities have a role in the formation
of domestic skills (using simple household tools, observing the work stages,
evaluating the prepared products - sandwiches, pizza, cakes, including at some group
parties during holidays, birthdays or anniversary days of students).
Also, such activities contribute to the formation of self-assistance and daily life skills,
which optimizes personal autonomy of students with deficiencies, responsibility and
self-confidence, as well as future success of their integration into adult life.
Decorative candles workshop “Licurici” (“Firefly”) – in which the activities
(manufacturing and decorating candles, sold through exhibitions, fairs, etc.)
contribute to the achievement of compensatory-rehabilitation objectives:
Development/correction of psycho-motility (precision, coordination, movement
synchrony, using of both hands, etc.)
Development of aesthetic sense
Stimulation of creative imagination and education of potential aptitudes
In addition, group work activity contributes to formation of positive personality
traits: self-confidence, realistic evaluation and self-evaluation capacity, empathy,
ego strength, spirit of cooperation and mutual help, communication skills, psycho-
behavioral balance, etc.
Occupational therapy workshop - where activities take part in training and practicing
of some skills (handling, modeling, assembly) useful in practicing of a job or
profession, in familiarizing and adapting students with deficiencies to the work
demands, in the perspective of a good socio-professional integration.
Ergo-therapy workshop is a space intended primarily for occupational therapy activities
undertaken by the educator-teacher, equipped with specific work-related materials (yarns, sets
of scissors, hole punches kits, painting kits, kits for weaving, clay modeling and so on), and the
equipment necessary to carry out various presentations useful for therapy activities.
Using natural materials gathered by themselves, the students create themed
decorative objects, combining seeds, sackcloth, roots or textile leftovers.
Products made by students: collages of seeds, braids made of rope, decorations with natural
materials, folk art objects; small bags, embroideries, greeting cards, clay objects represent a
permanent exhibition of occupational therapy workshop, but can also be admired in thematic
exhibitions and fairs organized in Bucharest.
Provides activities that may constitute good practice models regarding education based not
only on performance but also on the formation and internalization of authentic values, Christian
Thus, the school offers:
school training according to the plans and programs for all study subjects approved by
the Ministry of Education
in-depth study of the German language
after school program
meal serving by students
openness to spirituality: “School of God” („Şcoala lui Dumnezeu”) by studying religion
and management of training students based on Christian principles
The philanthropic activity of the Department of Social Services of the Romanian Orthodox
Archdiocese of Alba Iulia intertwines with the social activity of the “Orthodox Philanthropy”
association (“Filantropia Ortodoxă”) in Alba Iulia by mission (development of local communities in
Alba and Mureş), purpose (improving quality of life in local communities through: social, medical,
cultural, educational, economic and environmental services, provided according to Christian spirit)
and through objectives.
“Varlaam Mitropolitul” School from Iaşi
Diversification of primary and specialized social services from local communities
Initiate and support programs and projects for the development of local communities
Development of programs by and for youth: internships, courses, competitions, exhibitions,
conferences, seminars, round tables, data banks, web pages, specific voluntary actions, camps
Promoting human rights and fight against discrimination of any kind
Development of networks of volunteers and training programs for them
Strengthening partnerships with institutions and organizations in the community
Development of programs in partnership with public authorities, institutions, organizations
and businesses from the country and abroad
Diversification of funding sources, including the development of own economic activities for
BEST PRACTICES FOR HIGHER EDUCATION
Modern technology becomes one of the key elements absolutely necessary for the
implementation of a coherent process to improve Romanian education system.
1999 – Establishment of AVITECH company
2000 – Acquiring of number 1 position in Romania in the domain of video projection and
conference systems and introduction in the portfolio of professional solutions of
2001 – Introduction of video conference systems on the market of Romania
AVITECH aims to constantly promote performance in the educational system, being
one of the most involved providers of educational solutions, both through incorporation of
the newest means of teaching in the offer that meets market demands and the numerous
special programs offered to educational institutions.
2.3 GOOD PRACTICES IN WORKING WITH STUDENTS
WITH SPECİAL NEEDS
Special Secondary School nr. 7
The Leonardo da Vinci life-long learning partnership titled Comparing the techniques used in
the vocational education of children with special needs and supporting their social and
professional integration (acronym: WorkSEN) has facilitated an exchange of good practices
between teachers from Turkey, Romania and Poland. By means of visits to participating
schools, the teachers have enriched their professional experience by comparing the special
educational systems and curricula of partner countries, and the teaching methods and
techniques used in working with mentally disabled children.
Good practices in class
Mobility to Turkey (14 to 20 November- 2011)
Work visits to special schools were organised, which have occasioned the experience
exchange between teachers and students. During this visit, the students from Romania have
worked together with their colleagues from Turkey, knitting, crafting, listening to the Turkish
students playing traditional instruments and painting, thus having the opportunity to know the
way their colleagues from other countries learn and prepare for life.
The teachers took part in class activities, observing the teaching methods of the Turkish
special educational system. Discussions took place on the educational and practical activities
enjoined by the curriculum in order to integrate children with mental disabilities (occupational
therapy, drawing, painting, cooking, artisanship, music, knitting etc.).
Mobility to Romania at Special Secondary School nr. 7 (26 March to 1 April- 2012)
During the school visit, the students from Poland and Turkey took part in reading, writing,
drawing, painting, maths and sports activities in class, together with students from Romania,
and have asked questions about the school programme.
Strong points of class activities in the visited institutions which constitute an example of
Involvement and professional commitment;
Empathetic teacher-student relationship;
Comparative approach to diagnostic evaluation (IQ limits for various degrees of
disability and associated deficiencies, skill limits);
Differentiated educational treatment of students according to the type and degree of
Material resources and learning environment adapted to the students' needs (e.g.
individual, one-to-one work in case of children with severe disabilities);
Development of skills and abilities for personal autonomy and for real-life situations
and also for socio-professional integration;
Focus on specific aspects of career orientation and social integration;
Educational activities were organised according to the children's abilities and accorting to
school programme. The students' motivation has increased as a result of the approach toward
the project activities. The following objectives have been met:
Improving the students' attitudes and skills of adapting to school and work
Improving the students' preprofessionalisation abilities for professional integration;
Developing the skills of children with disabilities in order to support the necessary
abilities for developing a future career;
Good practices in project activities
The activities undertaken by the students from partner countries took place during cooking
and decoration workshops and dance shows.
The students from Poland and Turkey which took part in the mobility prepared a Tiramisu
cake with the help of students from Special Secondary School nr. 7. They were congratulated
and rewarded with certificates for their work. The cake was served by all the participants.
Easter decorations workshop
The partners were invited to a visit to the local Children's Club, where children with special
needs undertake extra-school and extra-curriculum activities. During this visit the Easter
decorations workshop took place, during which children and teachers from Romania, Turkey
and Poland have worked together. Certificates of participation were awarded.
The children from partner countries have performed both modern and traditional songs and
dances. The dance show also aimed at involving the local community in the project activities
and integrating the children with special needs into the community by organising the show
with the aid of a mainstream school. The show was appreciated by the both the participants
and the local community. The dancers and musicians were awarded certificates for their
Two days of professional experience
The students of Special Secondary School nr. 7, participants in the Leonardo da Vinci
WorkSEN project, took part in two days of professional activities in the Little Pizza-baker's
Shop and folk artisans' fairs according to the activity plan of the project.
Sixth grade and other students of the school have undertaken preprofessionalisation activities
during which they learned to bake pizza. After the activities, the students received certificates.
These activities have been organised with the aim of developing practical abilities, in order to
prepare secondary school students for school and professional guidance toward arts and crafts
During the project activities, the students took part in traditional craft workshops in order to
guide them toward traditional crafts such as pottery, sewing, artisanship, painting glass icons
Exhibition and sale of products made by the students on the occasion of the winter holidays
(December 2012) during the Leonardo da Vinci project at the Romanian Peasants' Museum.
Exhibition held by the students from Turkey during the mobility to Romania.
The students from each partner institution have exchanged handmade postcards on their
special days, such as national, religious and traditional holidays. This exchange allowed
students to actively take part in the communication section of the project.
Postcards made and sent by the students from Romania to the project partners on the occasion
of the winter holidays.
Postcards received from the project partners (students from Poland and Turkey).
The students of Special Secondary School nr. 7, participants in the WorkSEN project, have
made a number of products: paintings, glassware, bottles, painted globes decorated with
various materials, holiday postcards, traditional gifts, manually painted polystyrene Easter
eggs, handmade tablecloths and handkerchiefs etc.
In order to support the entrepreneurial spirit and develop ties to the professional environment,
the students were encouraged to establish a virtual company in order to simulate selling the
products. They chose a manager, a sales representative and an accountant. The company was
implemented on the project's website, each partner country having a page where to display the
Here are some of the products made by the students from Romania, together with the prices
they have set for them, in national (RON) and European currency (EUR).
All Christmas ornaments:
11 EUR / 49.5 RON
During the project mobilities, the professional offer and the level of social insertion of
children with special needs were compared by presenting the situation (offer of special
professional schools and labour market) in Romania and in the partner countries. It has been
noticed that the educational offer can be enlarged with jobs offered to persons with disabilities
in other countries (barber, hairdresser, cashier, cleaner, artisan etc.).
By comparing the degree of social insertion of youths with disabilities we notice the fact that
both in Turkey and in Poland there is a greater concern on the part of both the public
economic sector and the private sector to offer jobs to disabled youths for trades they have
qualified for through professional schools. Also, these youths are being helped to find
employment, and they can qualify at the workplace. The governments of partner countries
offer a greater social protection to youths with disabilities which qualify for a trade, by
helping them to find employment.
In Turkey, the project coordinator (from Special Secondary School nr. 7) presented a guide
for school and professional guidance.
In Romania, presentations regarding the Report on the labour force for students with special
needs from participating countries took place.
The University of Bucharest has compiled a guide of good practices for parents, Based on the
guide for parents made by the University of Bucharest, a training course to prepare families of
children with special needs and volunteers (members of society) regarding the work
legislation and social rights of disabled persons.
Course for parents
Stills from the course for parents regarding work legislation and the rights of disabled
persons. The 15-hour course module has been shown to the parents by the school headmaster
and the project coordinator (teachers Lucian Mozer-Schönborn and Carmen-Marilena
Ș erbănescu). The post-test questionnaires have shown an improvement of the parents'
knowledge both with regards to legislation and to the psychological knowledge of their own
child (needs and support, method of approaching deficiency).
School guidance for children with mental disabilities
Examples of individual counselling of the students' parents with regard to the educational
offer of special professional schools. At the end of the eighth grade, individual counselling of
the students and their parents takes place. The educational offers of special arts and crafts
schools are shown. Each parent and student is counselled by the class director.
Educational offers of some arts and crafts schools (vocational schools)
Offer nr. 1:
constructions, plumbing and public works
o construction worker (finisher)
tourism and food service
o hotel worker
o milling and baking
textiles and leather
o knitting and clothing
Offer nr. 2
o construction worker (metal structure assembler)
constructions, plumbing and public works
o plumber (technical-sanitary installations)
o wallpapering, wall-painter
o fish and meat products
The parents were told of the importance of school and professional guidance:
Every society requires the practice of trades and services;
Each student has the possibility of learning and practising a craft that is useful to
Through work, each can win his bread and help his peers;
The practice of a trade requires a certain system of communicating and relating to
In the practice of a trade, knowledge and habits that are accumulated through
schooling in an ACS are needed;
Work requires effort, and the results depend on it, and on the level of training.
Each parent understood the importance of school guidance and will choose a trade for their
child according to the child's preference and the recommendations of the class educator, the
professionalisation activities teacher, the psychodiagnostician, the school medic and the
school's professional guidance committee.
A society's level of civilisation can be assessed by the attitude they display toward persons
with special needs. Furthermore, the social and professional integration of children with SEN
is dependent upon the attitudes and material conditions offered to them by society, which has
obligations toward all of its members. The Constitution of Romania stipulates the right to
work and equal rights for all its citizens, without discrimination.
Two visits to ACS 2 and ACS 3 with the students were arranged in order to achieve the
knowledge and behaviours related to preprofessionalization, to know the special education
arts and crafts schools in Bucharest and to achieve optimal professional guidance. The
purpose of these visits was to get acquainted to their future professions.
During those visits, the students received information about the various trades which form the
educational offer of the two schools, about the tools use in those trades, about the usefulness
of each trade and about the employment opportunities after graduating from professional
school. The job offer accords to the students' capacities and to the demands of the labour
market (construction worker, carpentry, food service worker etc.).
During the Leonardo da Vinci WorkSEN project, a visit was arranged to the hotel where the
students of an arts and crafts school undertake practice for jobs in tourism and food service.
The employers expressed their satisfaction regarding the way children with special needs have
been working and informed us of their being willing to employ those who graduate from
professional school as hotel and food service workers.
Through the activities which have been proposed and undertaken in the project, the following
good practices were emphasised:
The exchange of professional experience, through:
o comparing the visions (concepts) for the most effective means to integrate
students with special needs (with regard to the cultural aspects, material and
human resources, labour market, social status of the family etc.);
o socialisation and communication (linguistic, intercultural and professional);
Participating in the school activities and discussing the work methods used for
students with special needs;
Ties between teachers and educators from the academic and pre-academic educational
Emphasis on specific aspects of career guidance and social integration of students with
Discussions regarding practical and educational activities for integrating children with
Promoting the integration of persons with special needs into the social and
Improving the educational approach by comparing the different educational systems;
Improving the inadequate behaviour of certain families or parents toward children with
Presenting the opportunities on the labour markets of the participant countries for
students with special needs, especially for those with mental deficiencies.
The activities undertaken in the project aimed at (and achieved) developing the skills of
students with special needs, their motivation, increasing their confidence in their abilities.
They felt equal to the rest of their peers, acknowledging the fact that they are important
members of society.
Through the practical activities undertaken during the workshops, visits to special
professional schools, the two days of professional experience and by creating a virtual
company on the project website, the students' social and entrepreneurial skills have been
developed, thus fulfilling the project's objectives.
The positive impact on the local community, parents and students from mainstream education
was noted, especially after involving them in the dance show and workshops. Uploads to the
project site (www.worksen.com) demonstrate the variety of the activities and their impact on
Mobility to Romania at the Department of Special Psychopedagogy
Representatives of the Ministry of Education, Research, Youth and Sports, of the School
Inspectorate of the Municipality of Bucharest (the inspector for special and integrated special
education, Adrian Romeo Cozma), as well as representatives from associations working with
children and youths with special needs were invited.
The project was presented, and also the parents' training guide on how to treat children with
disabilities, the work legislation and their social rights. Representatives of the public
authorities have shown a few video presentations regarding the issue of children with special
needs in Romania and expressed their interest for the project's subject, as well as for their
willingness to support the social and professional integration of youths with special needs.
The project activities had an important impact on the students, families, teachers and the local
community, leading to:
An increase in the quality of the instructive-educational act and the improvement in
the school and professional guidance for students with special needs;
An improvement of the cooperation between the school, family, community and the
An increase in the school's prestige.
2.4 EXAMPLES OF GOOD PRACTICE TAKEN IN WORKSEN
HURİN YAVUZALP VOCATIONAL SCHOOL
We accept individuals under the age of 23, those completed primary school but unable to
continue to all general secondary educational institutions. A total of 91 students, including 61
boys and 30 girls continues to our school in 2012 to 2013 academic year. The school aims to
give special education to the mid level, educable,mentally handicapped to improve their social
life skills and help them to adopt them into society and also help them to gain knowledge and
skills related to work life.
Education & Training activities according to state of mental obstacle;
Jewelery design, decorative home furnishing, wood painting and lower arrangements are
carried out to develop manual skills in our workshops.
We have also carried out activities in areas such as food preparations, cooking
techniques, ironing, using washing machine and dishwasher to help students in their daily
There are suitable facilities for both boys and girls to work on sewing and knitting
areas in our housery workshops, in the aim to recognise and able to use kind of
machines in their future professional lifes..
School fairs are organised each year, and always attract great attention.
School Folk Dance and dance team continues to work .
Success of our school sports teams continues nationwide.
EXAMPLES OF GOOD PRACTICE
Leonardo Partnership Project was launched in 2011 by the school teachers.
Short Name Of The Project: WORKSEN
Name Of The Project: Comparing The Techniques Used in Special Needs Vocational Education and
Supporting Their Social and Vocational Integration.
1)TURKEY Our project is under the coordination of Hurin Yavuzalp Work School and has partners
which are Mamak District Education Directorate (Silent Partner)
2) TURKEY Bala Public Education Center
3) TURKEY Union of Chambers of Ankara Tradesmen and Craftsmen.
4) ROMANYA-BÜKREŞ- Scoala Speciala nr. 7 - Secondary education
5)POLONYA – LESZNO - Specjalny Osrodek Szkolno-Wychowawczy im. Jerzego
Strzalkowskiego w Lesznie - Technical and vocational secondary education
6) ROMANYA- BÜKREŞ- Universitatea din Bucureşti, Facultatea de Psihologie şi Ştiinţele
Educaţiei, secţia Psihopedagogie specială-Unıversıty So in this project:
-Effective engagement of disabled pupils with social life in terms of their skills and knowledge.
-The practise of employment according to their professional skills.
-Training parents on how to treat their children and live happily with them.
-Comparison of curricular content and good experience.
-In addition to academic purposes, students got involved in the project activities as active participants
to share their experiences.
-Partners organised dance performance, hand made postcard exchanges, work experience and product
Visits were made between countries in order to remedy the deficiencies in special needed education,
with sharing new developed approaches, content of curricula and practices. Some of our project
partners from Romania and Poland made a visit to our school and two more in our district ;
MAMAK EDUCATION SCHOOL OF BUSINESS APPLICATION and ÖZKENT AKBİLEK in
Second mobility to ROMANIA-BUCHAREST-Scoala speciala nr. 7 - Secondary education 'a
took place in March 2012.
Exhibited to the hand crafts
During visit at Special School nr 7 in Bucharest pupils participated in Easter workshops.
Our students danced and exhibited crafts activities in Romania.
Poland, Romanian and Turkish pupils prepared a tiramisu dessert . At the end of the activity
the certificate was given to children.
THIRD MOBILITY TO ROMANIA
In the third mobility, we had chance to know schools in Romania and compare curriculums.
School students made and sent some postcards to other partners students .
In order to support social integration and rehabilitation, our students exhibited their own
made products in exhibitions and bazaars in Ankara.
PARENTS’ TRAINING COURSE
Families were informed about the laws on the rights in order to ease their burden.
In order to improve the school-sector cooperation, to be employed in the business areas according to
their skills, different establishments were visited students made short-term applications in those
Project partners created a web site on the purpose of data sharing about the activities.