Author: B. Kumaravadivelu
Summarized by: Carmella E. Covell
English 625: Seloni
 My definition of Culture: Culture is
the way of being. It defines who we
are and what we try to be around us.
The real definition for culture is hard
to sum up.
This does not however stop scientists
from giving their definition of c...
This presentation will cover four areas
of culture:
1. The Idea of Culture
2. Culture and Community
3. Culture and Languag...
 Clifford Geertz says that culture is the
symbol of the way people communicate and
create information from what they feel...
 Culture is closely linked with civilization.
 There is no mono-cultural community.
 Kuma states that, “change in culture is a
result of cooperation between the individual,
the community he or she belongs ...
 Culture has an affect in people’s community. The
people who are affected by this culture can also
transform their cultur...
 1. Discussion Question:
 Do you think though that even after an
individual shares a huge bond with its
community, they ...
 Despite an individual’s close relationship with its
community, an individual will always present a case
of non conformit...
Individual and Society—
Studied by Pierre Bourdie
 Habitus- Individuals acquire a set of durable
dispositions
 Cultural ...
 Scientists question to what degree individuals
share basic values of a given culture.
-- Individualism: Independent and ...
 Individualistic group or a collective group of
individuals have a self.
 Self and Society: characterizations of self an...
Stereotypical representations of self and
society:
 Otherization- others are inferior to self
--EX: colonizer vs. the col...
1. The Idea of Culture
2. Culture and Community
3. Culture and Language
4. Culture and Language Education
 Is there a connection between language and culture.
 Sapir-Whorf Hypothesis: language has an influence
in culture and t...
 Some critics though have argued against the
Sapir-Whorf hypothesis.
--Steven Pinker
 Followers of the Sapair-Whorf Hypothesis: --
--Anna Wierzbicka.
 She brought up the idea of “Cultural-specific
words,” ...
 The pronoun, you in culture.
 For example: In people’s cultures you is used
differently when speaking to certain people.
2. Discussion Question:
Do you believe though that the formal and
informal usage of the pronoun you has
something to do wi...
 American and European school systems begin
teaching Culture in Foreign Language
Education.
 American school project in ...
 The American school system felt culture was an
integral part of language education.
 The European System also had a sim...
 3. Discussion Question:
 Do you as future educators feel that culture
differences in the world should be taught in
scho...
 Teaching culture in may still have problems.
 Just as the British cultural critic Stuart Hall
says, “There is not much ...
Kuma Chapter 2 Presentation Student Version
Kuma Chapter 2 Presentation Student Version
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Kuma Chapter 2 Presentation Student Version

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Kuma Chapter 2 Presentation Student Version

  1. 1. Author: B. Kumaravadivelu Summarized by: Carmella E. Covell English 625: Seloni
  2. 2.  My definition of Culture: Culture is the way of being. It defines who we are and what we try to be around us.
  3. 3. The real definition for culture is hard to sum up. This does not however stop scientists from giving their definition of culture.
  4. 4. This presentation will cover four areas of culture: 1. The Idea of Culture 2. Culture and Community 3. Culture and Language 4. Culture and Language Education
  5. 5.  Clifford Geertz says that culture is the symbol of the way people communicate and create information from what they feel in life.  Brian Street says that culture should be seen as a verb not a noun.
  6. 6.  Culture is closely linked with civilization.  There is no mono-cultural community.
  7. 7.  Kuma states that, “change in culture is a result of cooperation between the individual, the community he or she belongs to, and the larger society of which the community is a part.”  I will explain to you that although the community and society do play a role in cultural change, it is in fact individuals such as you and I that develop and change the culture that goes on in our lives.
  8. 8.  Culture has an affect in people’s community. The people who are affected by this culture can also transform their culture.
  9. 9.  1. Discussion Question:  Do you think though that even after an individual shares a huge bond with its community, they will follow the same beliefs the community has? Why yes and why not?
  10. 10.  Despite an individual’s close relationship with its community, an individual will always present a case of non conformity in its communities and society due to its own beliefs. This in turn leads to cultural change.  A great example the book showed was the refusal of individuals in the 1960’s to conform to the society that followed before them.
  11. 11. Individual and Society— Studied by Pierre Bourdie  Habitus- Individuals acquire a set of durable dispositions  Cultural capital- Economic counterpart
  12. 12.  Scientists question to what degree individuals share basic values of a given culture. -- Individualism: Independent and follow their own goals. --Collectivism: Dependent and follow the collectives goals.
  13. 13.  Individualistic group or a collective group of individuals have a self.  Self and Society: characterizations of self and society have led to stereotypical representations of the Self and Other.
  14. 14. Stereotypical representations of self and society:  Otherization- others are inferior to self --EX: colonizer vs. the colonized.  Orientalism- The West’s views of the East.
  15. 15. 1. The Idea of Culture 2. Culture and Community 3. Culture and Language 4. Culture and Language Education
  16. 16.  Is there a connection between language and culture.  Sapir-Whorf Hypothesis: language has an influence in culture and thought process.  Linguistic Relativity: culture of different languages lead to thinking differently.
  17. 17.  Some critics though have argued against the Sapir-Whorf hypothesis. --Steven Pinker
  18. 18.  Followers of the Sapair-Whorf Hypothesis: -- --Anna Wierzbicka.  She brought up the idea of “Cultural-specific words,” such as: friendship, freedom, etc..
  19. 19.  The pronoun, you in culture.  For example: In people’s cultures you is used differently when speaking to certain people.
  20. 20. 2. Discussion Question: Do you believe though that the formal and informal usage of the pronoun you has something to do with someone’s culture? Why or Why not?
  21. 21.  American and European school systems begin teaching Culture in Foreign Language Education.  American school project in teaching culture.
  22. 22.  The American school system felt culture was an integral part of language education.  The European System also had a similar concept.
  23. 23.  3. Discussion Question:  Do you as future educators feel that culture differences in the world should be taught in schools? Why or Why not?
  24. 24.  Teaching culture in may still have problems.  Just as the British cultural critic Stuart Hall says, “There is not much point in trying to define culture.”

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