CLIR/DLF Postdoc Seminar
4 August 2014
Data Publication &
Citation Workshop
Carly Strasser 
California Digital Library
@ca...
Roadmap
3. Data citation

1. Intro & background
2. Data publication
4.  Altmetrics
FromFlickrvialibrarianinsta.tumblr.com
I am not a
librarian.
Enable data
sharing
Encourage
new
incentives 
Think about
code sharing
Work with libraries,
publishers and
researchers
Exp...
John Kratz
PhD in Biology from Columbia University
CLIR/DLF Postdoctoral Fellow,
 
 
 

started 12 months ago 
Data public...
From Wikimedia Commons
Back in the day…
From ahswhg.wikispaces.com
Back in the day…
Da Vinci
Curie
Newton
classicalschool.blogspot.com
Darwin
Research has
changed
Better
From wikimedia
Such
Internet!
So many
tools!

From Flickr by John Jobby
So much
data!
Research has
changed
 Worse
Digital data
FromFlickrbyFlickmor
FromFlickrbyUSArmyEnvironmentalCommand
FromFlickrbyDW0825
C. Strasser
CourteseyofWHOI
Fr...
Digital data
+ 
Complex workflows
“Reproducibility Crisis”
“Digital Dark Age”
“Erosion of Trust”
All of the research
Early & often
Transparently & openly
FromFlickrbygsagostinho
the way wecommunicate
our
vCan we fix rese...
notebook
science/research
source
content
access
data
government
repository
knowledge
FromFlickrbycdsessums
Open Science
Making 
 
data

 
 
 
 
 
research

 
 
 
 
 
dissemination 

available to all
notebook
science
source
content
access
data
government
repository
knowledge
FromFlickrbycdsessums
Open
certain data should be freely available to
everyone to use & republish as they wish,
without restrictions from copyri...
From Flickr by Iqubal Osman
Culture Shift Required
“I own my data and you
can’t have it.”
“Let me do my work.”
“I’m already too busy.”
“This takes away from
research time.”
h/t Ted Hart, NEON
You can be
the
Guardian
Steward
Caretaker

Data can’t be owned.
Roadmap
3. Data citation

1. Intro & background
2. Data publication
4.  Altmetrics
What does “data
publication” mean?

1. Available 
2. Citable
3. Trustworthy
Data
are
Available | Citable | Trustworthy
•  Publish means to “make public”.
•  You should not have to email the author.
•  The da...
Repositories 
for data
General content
Non-institutional
Publishers/for-profits
Other
Institutional
Discipline-specific
Repo...
Institutional
Discipline-specific
•  All data associated
with a paper
•  Tells a story
•  Clearinghouse for
researcher’s wo...
Five-element citation: author, year, title,
publisher, identifier
Available | Citable | Trustworthy
Boettiger C, Dushoff J,...
Available | Citable | Trustworthy
From Flickr by Percival Lowell
For articles: peer review
For data: ?
peer review?validat...
Technical VS. Scientific
Available | Citable | Trustworthy
Technical review: completeness,
formats
Available | Citable | Trustworthy
Peer review of data
Scientific review: importance...
Available | Citable | Trustworthy
Peer review of data
•  Experts
•  Users
•  Community
•  Use = validation
Who?
1.  Data as supplemental material 


Data published alongside a traditional journal article. 
Available + citable. Review ...
2.  Data paper: 

 
Data + descriptive “data paper” 

Standalone journals: Nature Scientific Data, Geoscience Data Journal,...
3.  Standalone data
Data published without a related journal article. 
Rich metadata (structured or unstructured)

•  Inst...
…“publication” insinuates that we are
beholden to the current broken system of
journal publication. The word itself has
to...
“Publish”
“Paper”
“Peer review”
“Sharing”
“Available”
“Article”
“Publication”
From Flickr by Sandia Labs
C. Strasser
C. Strasser
World Bank Photo Collection From Flickr
What do researchers
think of da...
Survey of
researchers
N=274
John Kratz, forthcoming
Roadmap
3. Data citation

1. Intro & background
2. Data publication
4.  Altmetrics
Identifiers & Data Citation
Allows readers to find data products
Get credit for data and publications
Promotes reproducibili...
An article about data, but no data
from Joan Starr
And then the hunt for the data…
from Joan Starr
FTP site
And then the hunt for the data…
from Joan Starr
The citation difference: data linked…
from Joan Starr
…to the scholarly publication
from Joan Starr
Identifiers
•  String of characters
•  Unique
•  Linked to a digital
object
DOI: Digital object
identifier
From Flickr by Pl...
DOIs	
   ARKs	
  
Strict	
  metadata	
  requirements	
   Flexible	
  metadata	
  guidelines	
  
From	
  the	
  scholarly	
...
DOI: 10.1890/1540-9295-10.2.59
ARK: ark:/12025/654xz321/s3/f8.05v

Resolver
Website
with
“object”
Identifiers
How it works
...
From Flickr by Sandia Labs
C. Strasser
C. Strasser
World Bank Photo Collection From Flickr
Identifier for people
Resolver
Person’s
products
Identifiers
for people
Researcher	
  Identification	
  
1.  Register
2.  Connect with ORCID partners
3.  Claim your work
orcid.org
Roadmap
3. Data citation

1. Intro & background
2. Data publication
4.  Altmetrics
Altmetrics?
Impact
Factors 
+
Citation
Counts
Credit in academia…
Altmetrics
Article-level metrics
Altmetrics
Article-level metrics
Altmetrics for alt-products

Data
Code
Slides
Blogs
Downloads
Tweets
Mentions
Views
Altmetrics
Article-level metrics
Altmetrics for alt-products
Data Citation
Credit via Altmetrics
From Flickr by chriscook04
What does this have
to do with data?
impactstory.org
Website
Email
Tweet
Slides
carlystrasser.net
carlystrasser@gmail.com
@carlystrasser 
slideshare.net/carlystrasser
Big than...
Data publication and Citation for CLIR postdoc seminar
Data publication and Citation for CLIR postdoc seminar
Data publication and Citation for CLIR postdoc seminar
Data publication and Citation for CLIR postdoc seminar
Data publication and Citation for CLIR postdoc seminar
Data publication and Citation for CLIR postdoc seminar
Data publication and Citation for CLIR postdoc seminar
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Data publication and Citation for CLIR postdoc seminar

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Presentation on data publication and data citation for the 2014 CLIR postdoctoral fellows seminar at Bryn Mawr College, 4 August 2014.

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Data publication and Citation for CLIR postdoc seminar

  1. 1. CLIR/DLF Postdoc Seminar 4 August 2014 Data Publication & Citation Workshop Carly Strasser California Digital Library @carlystrasser
  2. 2. Roadmap 3. Data citation 1. Intro & background 2. Data publication 4.  Altmetrics
  3. 3. FromFlickrvialibrarianinsta.tumblr.com I am not a librarian.
  4. 4. Enable data sharing Encourage new incentives Think about code sharing Work with libraries, publishers and researchers Explore new tools to help change system Build tools
  5. 5. John Kratz PhD in Biology from Columbia University CLIR/DLF Postdoctoral Fellow, started 12 months ago Data publication and its importance for data sharing, reuse, and preservation
  6. 6. From Wikimedia Commons Back in the day… From ahswhg.wikispaces.com
  7. 7. Back in the day… Da Vinci Curie Newton classicalschool.blogspot.com Darwin
  8. 8. Research has changed Better
  9. 9. From wikimedia Such Internet! So many tools! From Flickr by John Jobby So much data!
  10. 10. Research has changed Worse
  11. 11. Digital data FromFlickrbyFlickmor FromFlickrbyUSArmyEnvironmentalCommand FromFlickrbyDW0825 C. Strasser CourteseyofWHOI FromFlickrbydeltaMike
  12. 12. Digital data + Complex workflows
  13. 13. “Reproducibility Crisis” “Digital Dark Age” “Erosion of Trust”
  14. 14. All of the research Early & often Transparently & openly FromFlickrbygsagostinho the way wecommunicate our vCan we fix research?
  15. 15. notebook science/research source content access data government repository knowledge FromFlickrbycdsessums
  16. 16. Open Science Making data research dissemination available to all
  17. 17. notebook science source content access data government repository knowledge FromFlickrbycdsessums
  18. 18. Open certain data should be freely available to everyone to use & republish as they wish, without restrictions from copyright, patents or other mechanisms of control Data From Flickr by Ninja M.
  19. 19. From Flickr by Iqubal Osman Culture Shift Required
  20. 20. “I own my data and you can’t have it.” “Let me do my work.” “I’m already too busy.” “This takes away from research time.”
  21. 21. h/t Ted Hart, NEON
  22. 22. You can be the Guardian Steward Caretaker Data can’t be owned.
  23. 23. Roadmap 3. Data citation 1. Intro & background 2. Data publication 4.  Altmetrics
  24. 24. What does “data publication” mean? 1. Available 2. Citable 3. Trustworthy Data are
  25. 25. Available | Citable | Trustworthy •  Publish means to “make public”. •  You should not have to email the author. •  The data doesn’t have to be open access. “Email me!” CC-0 on web Best practice: data in a trusted community repository with a machine-readable license/waiver
  26. 26. Repositories for data General content Non-institutional Publishers/for-profits Other Institutional Discipline-specific Repository choices…
  27. 27. Institutional Discipline-specific •  All data associated with a paper •  Tells a story •  Clearinghouse for researcher’s works •  Some of data for a given paper •  Discoverable •  Integrated systems •  Collection policies ?   Both Which should a researcher use? Which is more important? Depends Repository choices…
  28. 28. Five-element citation: author, year, title, publisher, identifier Available | Citable | Trustworthy Boettiger C, Dushoff J, Weitz JS (2009). Data from: Fluctuation domains in adaptive evolution. Theoretical Population Biology. Published in Dryad. doi:10.5061/dryad.j8n0p7vc More later
  29. 29. Available | Citable | Trustworthy From Flickr by Percival Lowell For articles: peer review For data: ? peer review?validation?
  30. 30. Technical VS. Scientific Available | Citable | Trustworthy
  31. 31. Technical review: completeness, formats Available | Citable | Trustworthy Peer review of data Scientific review: importance, methods evaluation vs
  32. 32. Available | Citable | Trustworthy Peer review of data •  Experts •  Users •  Community •  Use = validation Who?
  33. 33. 1.  Data as supplemental material Data published alongside a traditional journal article. Available + citable. Review varies. Potential issues with long-term availability. What does a data publication look like? From Flickr by subsetsum
  34. 34. 2.  Data paper: Data + descriptive “data paper” Standalone journals: Nature Scientific Data, Geoscience Data Journal, Ecological Archives OR Journals that publish data papers: GigaScience, F1000 Research, Internet Archaeology What does a data publication look like? From Flickr by subsetsum
  35. 35. 3.  Standalone data Data published without a related journal article. Rich metadata (structured or unstructured) •  Institutional repository •  Open Context •  NASA PDS Peer Review Data •  figshare (but no validation) What does a data publication look like? From Flickr by subsetsum
  36. 36. …“publication” insinuates that we are beholden to the current broken system of journal publication. The word itself has too much baggage. …bureaucrats, funders, and institutions have a familiarity with the word and it will ensure the success of the data publication goals, regardless of whether we break the mold in the process. þ ý http://datapub.cdlib.org/2012/03/06/data-publication-an-introduction/
  37. 37. “Publish” “Paper” “Peer review” “Sharing” “Available” “Article” “Publication”
  38. 38. From Flickr by Sandia Labs C. Strasser C. Strasser World Bank Photo Collection From Flickr What do researchers think of data publication?
  39. 39. Survey of researchers N=274 John Kratz, forthcoming
  40. 40. Roadmap 3. Data citation 1. Intro & background 2. Data publication 4.  Altmetrics
  41. 41. Identifiers & Data Citation Allows readers to find data products Get credit for data and publications Promotes reproducibility Example: Sidlauskas, B. 2007. Data from: Testing for unequal rates of morphological diversification in the absence of a detailed phylogeny: a case study from characiform fishes. Dryad Digital Repository. doi:10.5061/dryad.20
  42. 42. An article about data, but no data from Joan Starr
  43. 43. And then the hunt for the data… from Joan Starr
  44. 44. FTP site And then the hunt for the data… from Joan Starr
  45. 45. The citation difference: data linked… from Joan Starr
  46. 46. …to the scholarly publication from Joan Starr
  47. 47. Identifiers •  String of characters •  Unique •  Linked to a digital object DOI: Digital object identifier From Flickr by Plbmak
  48. 48. DOIs   ARKs   Strict  metadata  requirements   Flexible  metadata  guidelines   From  the  scholarly   communication  community   From  the  archives  and   museums  community   Established  “brand  name”   Option-­‐rich,  open  source   $$$   $   Comparing two…
  49. 49. DOI: 10.1890/1540-9295-10.2.59 ARK: ark:/12025/654xz321/s3/f8.05v Resolver Website with “object” Identifiers How it works dx.doi.org
  50. 50. From Flickr by Sandia Labs C. Strasser C. Strasser World Bank Photo Collection From Flickr
  51. 51. Identifier for people Resolver Person’s products Identifiers for people
  52. 52. Researcher  Identification  
  53. 53. 1.  Register 2.  Connect with ORCID partners 3.  Claim your work orcid.org
  54. 54. Roadmap 3. Data citation 1. Intro & background 2. Data publication 4.  Altmetrics
  55. 55. Altmetrics? Impact Factors + Citation Counts Credit in academia…
  56. 56. Altmetrics Article-level metrics
  57. 57. Altmetrics Article-level metrics Altmetrics for alt-products Data Code Slides Blogs Downloads Tweets Mentions Views
  58. 58. Altmetrics Article-level metrics Altmetrics for alt-products
  59. 59. Data Citation Credit via Altmetrics From Flickr by chriscook04 What does this have to do with data?
  60. 60. impactstory.org
  61. 61. Website Email Tweet Slides carlystrasser.net carlystrasser@gmail.com @carlystrasser slideshare.net/carlystrasser Big thanks to John Kratz, CLIR Postdoc
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