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HIV AIDS
What do
YOU
know?
HIV AIDS
AIDS is one of the most serious, DEADLY diseases in human history.
Statistics - 2013
People living with HIV globally

Sub Saharan Africa 1 in 20 adults (4.9%) are HIV positive
accounting fo...
HIV AIDS
More than 20 years ago (1982), doctors in the United States identified the
first cases of AIDS in San Francisco a...
HIV AIDS
WHAT IS IT?
STD (Sexually Transmitted Disease)
HIV (Human Immunodeficiency Virus )
AIDS (Acquired Immunodeficienc...
HIV AIDS
AIDS is caused by the human immunodeficiency virus (HIV).
HIV destroys a type of defense cell in the body called ...
HIV AIDS
As the medical community learns more about how HIV works,
they've been able to develop drugs, antiviral medicatio...
HIV AIDS
HOW IS HIV TRANSMITTED?
HIV is transmitted from an infected person to another person
through blood, semen, vagina...
HIV AIDS
People who have another sexually transmitted disease, such as
syphilis, genital herpes, chlamydia, gonorrhea are ...
HIV AIDS
MYTHS
YOU CAN GET HIV IF YOU HUG SOMEONE WHO IS INFECTED
It is not possible to become infected with HIV from ever...
HIV AIDS
Once a person's blood lacks the number of CD4 / helper T cells
required to fight infections, or the person has si...
HIV AIDS
When a person's immune system is overwhelmed by AIDS, the symptoms can include:
extreme weakness or fatigue
rapid...
HIV AIDS
KNOW YOUR STATUS, GET

TESTED!

If you think that you may have HIV or AIDS or if you have had a partner who
may h...
HIV AIDS
HIV AIDS
HIV AIDS
HIV AIDS
1 December
HIV AIDS
People who have
HIV might feel alone
and frightened at
times. More than
anyone, they need
good friends to lean
on...
HIV AIDS
QUIZ
1. Does HIV only affect gay people?
a. Yes
b. No
c. Only gay men
d. Only gay women
HIV AIDS
QUIZ
2. Which protects you most against HIV
infection?
a. Condoms
b. Contraceptive pills
c. Spermicide jelly (kil...
HIV AIDS
QUIZ
3. How can you tell if somebody has HIV or
AIDS?
a. Because of the way they act
b. They look tired and ill
c...
HIV AIDS
QUIZ
4. Can you get AIDS from sharing the cup of an
HIV-infected person?
a. Yes
b. No
c. Only if you don't wash t...
HIV AIDS
QUIZ
5. Is there a cure for AIDS?
a. Yes
b. No
c. Only on prescription
HIV AIDS
QUIZ
6. What is HIV?
a. A virus
b. A bacterium
c. A fungus
HIV AIDS
QUIZ
7. Can insects transmit HIV?
a. Yes
b. No
c. Only mosquitoes
HIV AIDS
QUIZ
9. When was the term 'AIDS' defined?
a. 1977
b. 1982
c. 1987
HIV AIDS
QUIZ
10. Approximately how many people are living
with HIV worldwide? (2010)
a. 34 million
b. 25.8 million
c. 3.5...
HIV AIDS
QUIZ
11. What does HIV stand for?
a. Human Immunodeficiency Virus
b. Harmful Intravenous Vaccine
c. Homosexual In...
HIV AIDS
QUIZ
12. What is the difference between HIV and
AIDS?
a. HIV is a virus and AIDS is a bacterial disease
b. HIV is...
HIV AIDS
QUIZ
13. Which practice puts you most at risk of
becoming infected with HIV?
a. Kissing
b. Using the same toilet ...
HIV AIDS
QUIZ
14.What is abstinence?
a. To refrain from sex
b. To only have sex with one partner
c. To lose your virginity...
HIV AIDS
QUIZ
1. Does HIV only affect gay people?
a. Yes
b. No
c. Only gay men
d. Only gay women
No
HIV can affect anyone ...
HIV AIDS
QUIZ
2. Which protects you most against HIV
infection?
a. Condoms
b. Contraceptive pills
c. Spermicide jelly (kil...
HIV AIDS
QUIZ
3. How can you tell if somebody has HIV or
AIDS?
a. Because of the way they act
b. They look tired and ill
c...
HIV AIDS
QUIZ
4. Can you get AIDS from sharing the cup of an
HIV-infected person?
a. Yes
b. No
c. Only if you don't wash t...
HIV AIDS
QUIZ
5. Is there a cure for AIDS?
a. Yes
b. No
c. Only on prescription
No
There is no cure for AIDS. This means i...
HIV AIDS
QUIZ
6. What is HIV?
a. A virus
b. A bacterium
c. A fungus
A virus
HIV is a virus. Like all viruses, HIV cannot g...
HIV AIDS
QUIZ
7. Can insects transmit HIV?
a. Yes
b. No
c. Only mosquitoes
No
Insects cannot transmit HIV. When taking blo...
HIV AIDS
QUIZ
8. What does STD stand for?
a. Sexually Transmitted Disease
b. Special Treatment Doctor
c. Standard Transmis...
HIV AIDS
QUIZ
9. When was the term 'AIDS' defined?
a. 1977
b. 1982
c. 1987
1982
AIDS was first defined in the USA in Septe...
HIV AIDS
QUIZ
10. Approximately how many people are living
with HIV worldwide? (2009)
a. 34million
b. 25.8 million
c. 3.5 ...
HIV AIDS
QUIZ
11. What does HIV stand for?
a. Human Immunodeficiency Virus
b. Harmful Intravenous Vaccine
c. Homosexual In...
HIV AIDS
QUIZ
12. What is the difference between HIV and
AIDS?
a. HIV is a virus and AIDS is a bacterial disease
b. HIV is...
HIV AIDS
QUIZ
13. Which practice puts you most at risk of
becoming infected with HIV?
a. Kissing
b. Using the same toilet ...
HIV AIDS
QUIZ
14.What is abstinence?
a. To refrain from sex
b. To only have sex with one partner
c. To lose your virginity...
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Transcript of "Hiv aids"

  1. 1. HIV AIDS What do YOU know?
  2. 2. HIV AIDS AIDS is one of the most serious, DEADLY diseases in human history.
  3. 3. Statistics - 2013 People living with HIV globally Sub Saharan Africa 1 in 20 adults (4.9%) are HIV positive accounting for 69% people worldwide World Health Organization (WHO)
  4. 4. HIV AIDS More than 20 years ago (1982), doctors in the United States identified the first cases of AIDS in San Francisco and New York. Since the beginning 70 million people have been infected and 35 million people have died
  5. 5. HIV AIDS WHAT IS IT? STD (Sexually Transmitted Disease) HIV (Human Immunodeficiency Virus ) AIDS (Acquired Immunodeficiency Syndrome)
  6. 6. HIV AIDS AIDS is caused by the human immunodeficiency virus (HIV). HIV destroys a type of defense cell in the body called a CD4 helper lymphocyte. These lymphocytes are part of the body's immune system, the defense system that fights infectious diseases. But as HIV destroys these lymphocytes, people with the virus begin to get serious infections that they normally wouldn't — that is, they become immune deficient. The name for this condition is acquired immunodeficiency syndrome (AIDS).
  7. 7. HIV AIDS As the medical community learns more about how HIV works, they've been able to develop drugs, antiviral medications to inhibit it (meaning they interfere with its growth). These drugs have been successful in slowing the progress of the disease, and people with the disease now live much longer. But there is still NO CURE for HIV and AIDS (except in mice!). People who have AIDS tend to keep getting sicker, especially if they are not taking antiviral medications properly.
  8. 8. HIV AIDS HOW IS HIV TRANSMITTED? HIV is transmitted from an infected person to another person through blood, semen, vaginal fluids, and breast milk. unprotected oral, vaginal, or anal sexual intercourse ("unprotected" means not using a condom) sharing needles, such as needles used to inject drugs (including needles used for injecting steroids and those used for tattooing). Because of blood testing, it's now extremely rare for someone in developed countries to get HIV through a blood transfusion.
  9. 9. HIV AIDS People who have another sexually transmitted disease, such as syphilis, genital herpes, chlamydia, gonorrhea are at greater risk for getting HIV during sex with infected partners If a woman with HIV is pregnant, her newborn baby can catch the virus from her before birth, during the birthing process, or from breastfeeding. If doctors know an expectant mother has HIV, they can usually prevent the spread of the virus from mother to baby. All pregnant teens and women should be tested for HIV so they can begin treatment if necessary.
  10. 10. HIV AIDS MYTHS YOU CAN GET HIV IF YOU HUG SOMEONE WHO IS INFECTED It is not possible to become infected with HIV from everyday casual contact such as sharing food, shaking hands or touching the same objects. MOSQUITOS CAN GIVE YOU HIV Insects cannot transmit HIV. When taking blood from someone mosquitoes do not inject blood from any previous person. The only thing that a mosquito injects is saliva, which is used as a lubricant and enables it to feed more efficiently. YOU CAN GET HIV FROM KISSING SOMEONE WHO IS INFECTED Saliva does contain HIV, but the virus is only present in very small quantities and as such cannot cause HIV infection. Unless both partners have large open sores in their mouths, or severely bleeding gums, there is no transmission risk from mouth-to-mouth kissing.
  11. 11. HIV AIDS Once a person's blood lacks the number of CD4 / helper T cells required to fight infections, or the person has signs of specific illnesses or diseases that occur in people with HIV infection, doctors make a diagnosis of AIDS. Severe symptoms of HIV infection and AIDS may not appear for 10 years. The amount of time it takes for symptoms of AIDS to appear varies from person to person. Some people may feel and look healthy for years while they are infected with HIV. It is still possible to infect others with HIV, even if the person with the virus has absolutely no symptoms. You CANNOT tell simply by looking at someone whether he or she is infected.
  12. 12. HIV AIDS When a person's immune system is overwhelmed by AIDS, the symptoms can include: extreme weakness or fatigue rapid weight loss frequent fevers that last for several weeks with no explanation heavy sweating at night swollen lymph glands minor infections that cause skin rashes and mouth, genital, and anal sores white spots in the mouth or throat chronic diarrhea a cough that won't go away trouble remembering things
  13. 13. HIV AIDS KNOW YOUR STATUS, GET TESTED! If you think that you may have HIV or AIDS or if you have had a partner who may have HIV or AIDS, see your family doctor, adolescent doctor, or gynecologitst. He or she will talk with you and perform tests. The doctor may do a blood test or a swab of the inside of your cheek. Depending on what type of test is done, results may take from a few hours to several days. Let the doctor know the best way to reach you confidentially with any test results. Most AIDS testing centers will ask you to follow up for counseling to get your results, whether the test is negative or positive. http://kidshealth.org
  14. 14. HIV AIDS
  15. 15. HIV AIDS
  16. 16. HIV AIDS
  17. 17. HIV AIDS 1 December
  18. 18. HIV AIDS People who have HIV might feel alone and frightened at times. More than anyone, they need good friends to lean on and trust.
  19. 19. HIV AIDS QUIZ 1. Does HIV only affect gay people? a. Yes b. No c. Only gay men d. Only gay women
  20. 20. HIV AIDS QUIZ 2. Which protects you most against HIV infection? a. Condoms b. Contraceptive pills c. Spermicide jelly (kills sperms)
  21. 21. HIV AIDS QUIZ 3. How can you tell if somebody has HIV or AIDS? a. Because of the way they act b. They look tired and ill c. There is no easy way to tell
  22. 22. HIV AIDS QUIZ 4. Can you get AIDS from sharing the cup of an HIV-infected person? a. Yes b. No c. Only if you don't wash the cup
  23. 23. HIV AIDS QUIZ 5. Is there a cure for AIDS? a. Yes b. No c. Only on prescription
  24. 24. HIV AIDS QUIZ 6. What is HIV? a. A virus b. A bacterium c. A fungus
  25. 25. HIV AIDS QUIZ 7. Can insects transmit HIV? a. Yes b. No c. Only mosquitoes
  26. 26. HIV AIDS QUIZ 9. When was the term 'AIDS' defined? a. 1977 b. 1982 c. 1987
  27. 27. HIV AIDS QUIZ 10. Approximately how many people are living with HIV worldwide? (2010) a. 34 million b. 25.8 million c. 3.5 million
  28. 28. HIV AIDS QUIZ 11. What does HIV stand for? a. Human Immunodeficiency Virus b. Harmful Intravenous Vaccine c. Homosexual Injury Virus
  29. 29. HIV AIDS QUIZ 12. What is the difference between HIV and AIDS? a. HIV is a virus and AIDS is a bacterial disease b. HIV is the virus that causes AIDS c. There is no difference between HIV and AIDS
  30. 30. HIV AIDS QUIZ 13. Which practice puts you most at risk of becoming infected with HIV? a. Kissing b. Using the same toilet as an infected person c. Unprotected vaginal sex d. Anal sex with a condom
  31. 31. HIV AIDS QUIZ 14.What is abstinence? a. To refrain from sex b. To only have sex with one partner c. To lose your virginity http://www.avert.org/lesson1.htm
  32. 32. HIV AIDS QUIZ 1. Does HIV only affect gay people? a. Yes b. No c. Only gay men d. Only gay women No HIV can affect anyone from any part of the world.
  33. 33. HIV AIDS QUIZ 2. Which protects you most against HIV infection? a. Condoms b. Contraceptive pills c. Spermicide jelly (kills sperms) Condoms Condoms are the most effective way to protect against transmission of HIV and other STDs during sex.
  34. 34. HIV AIDS QUIZ 3. How can you tell if somebody has HIV or AIDS? a. Because of the way they act b. They look tired and ill c. There is no easy way to tell There is no easy way to tell There are no specific symptoms of HIV.
  35. 35. HIV AIDS QUIZ 4. Can you get AIDS from sharing the cup of an HIV-infected person? a. Yes b. No c. Only if you don't wash the cup No It is not possible to become infected with HIV from everyday casual contact such as sharing food, shaking hands or touching the same objects.
  36. 36. HIV AIDS QUIZ 5. Is there a cure for AIDS? a. Yes b. No c. Only on prescription No There is no cure for AIDS. This means it is important to be aware of prevention methods such as safe sex in order to protect yourself.
  37. 37. HIV AIDS QUIZ 6. What is HIV? a. A virus b. A bacterium c. A fungus A virus HIV is a virus. Like all viruses, HIV cannot grow or reproduce on its own. In order to make new copies of itself it must infect the cells of a living organism.
  38. 38. HIV AIDS QUIZ 7. Can insects transmit HIV? a. Yes b. No c. Only mosquitoes No Insects cannot transmit HIV. When taking blood from someone mosquitoes do not inject blood from any previous person. The only thing that a mosquito injects is saliva, which is used as a lubricant and enables it to feed more efficiently.
  39. 39. HIV AIDS QUIZ 8. What does STD stand for? a. Sexually Transmitted Disease b. Special Treatment Doctor c. Standard Transmission Deficiency Sexually Transmitted Disease These can be passed on during sex. So it's always a good idea to use a condom and protect yourself.
  40. 40. HIV AIDS QUIZ 9. When was the term 'AIDS' defined? a. 1977 b. 1982 c. 1987 1982 AIDS was first defined in the USA in September 1982. The term 'AIDS' was suggested at a meeting in Washington, D.C., in July.
  41. 41. HIV AIDS QUIZ 10. Approximately how many people are living with HIV worldwide? (2009) a. 34million b. 25.8 million c. 3.5 million 34 million people were living with HIV in 2007, and 22 million of these people were in sub-Saharan Africa.
  42. 42. HIV AIDS QUIZ 11. What does HIV stand for? a. Human Immunodeficiency Virus b. Harmful Intravenous Vaccine c. Homosexual Injury Virus Human Immunodeficiency Virus Human Immunodeficiency Virus is the full term for HIV, which means that HIV weakens the body's immune system.
  43. 43. HIV AIDS QUIZ 12. What is the difference between HIV and AIDS? a. HIV is a virus and AIDS is a bacterial disease b. HIV is the virus that causes AIDS c. There is no difference between HIV and AIDS HIV is the virus that causes AIDS HIV is the virus that causes AIDS. A person can live a healthy life if they are diagnosed with HIV, they are said to have AIDS when they develop and HIV related illness.
  44. 44. HIV AIDS QUIZ 13. Which practice puts you most at risk of becoming infected with HIV? a. Kissing b. Using the same toilet as an infected person c. Unprotected vaginal sex d. Anal sex with a condom Unprotected vaginal sex Unprotected sex carries a high risk for becoming infected with HIV, so using a condom CORRECTLY will protect you.
  45. 45. HIV AIDS QUIZ 14.What is abstinence? a. To refrain from sex b. To only have sex with one partner c. To lose your virginity To refrain from sex Abstinence means avoiding sex. Abstinence is encouraged along with partner reduction and condom use as a way of preventing the spread of HIV. http://www.avert.org/lesson1.htm
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