Hiv aids

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Hiv aids

  1. 1. H I V A I DS What do YOU know?
  2. 2. H I V A I DS A I DS is one of the most serious, DEADLY diseases in human history.
  3. 3. H I V A I DS More than 20 years ago, doctors in the United States identified the first cases of A I DS in San Francisco and New York. Now there are an estimated 42 million people living with H I V or A I DS worldwide, and more than 3 million die every year from A I DS-related illnesses.
  4. 4. H I V A I DS WHAT IS IT? STD HIV AIDS ( S exually T ransmitted D isease) ( H uman I mmunodeficiency V irus ) ( A cquired I mmunodeficiency S yndrome)
  5. 5. H I V A I DS A I DS is caused by the h uman i mmunodeficiency v irus ( H I V ) . H I V destroys a type of defense cell in the body called a CD4 helper T lymphocyte. These lymphocytes are part of the body's immune system, the defense system that fights infectious diseases. But as H I V destroys these lymphocytes, people with the virus begin to get serious infections that they normally wouldn't — that is, they become immune deficient. The name for this condition is acquired immunodeficiency syndrome ( A I DS ) .
  6. 6. H I V A I DS As the medical community learns more about how H I V works, they've been able to develop drugs, antiviral medications to inhibit it (meaning they interfere with its growth). These drugs have been successful in slowing the progress of the disease, and people with the disease now live much longer. But there is still NO CURE for H I V and A I DS. People who have A I DS tend to keep getting sicker, especially if they are not taking antiviral medications properly.
  7. 7. H I V A I DS HOW IS H I V TRANSMITTED? H I V is transmitted from an infected person to another person through blood, semen, vaginal fluids, and breast milk. unprotected oral, vaginal, or anal sexual intercourse ( "unprotected" means not using a condom ) sharing needles , such as needles used to inject drugs (including needles used for injecting steroids and those used for tattooing). Because of blood testing, it's now extremely rare for someone in developed countries to get H I V through a blood transfusion.
  8. 8. H I V A I DS People who have another sexually transmitted disease, such as syphilis, genital herpes, chlamydia, gonorrhea are at greater risk for getting H I V during sex with infected partners If a woman with H I V is pregnant, her newborn baby can catch the virus from her before birth, during the birthing process, or from breastfeeding. If doctors know an expectant mother has H I V, they can usually prevent the spread of the virus from mother to baby. All pregnant teens and women should be tested for H I V so they can begin treatment if necessary.
  9. 9. H I V A I DS MYTHS YOU CAN GET HIV IF YOU HUG SOMEONE WHO IS INFECTED MOSQUITOS CAN GIVE YOU HIV YOU CAN GET HIV FROM KISSING SOMEONE WHO IS INFECTED It is not possible to become infected with HIV from everyday casual contact such as sharing food, shaking hands or touching the same objects. Insects cannot transmit HIV. When taking blood from someone mosquitoes do not inject blood from any previous person. The only thing that a mosquito injects is saliva, which is used as a lubricant and enables it to feed more efficiently. Saliva does contain HIV, but the virus is only present in very small quantities and as such cannot cause HIV infection. Unless both partners have large open sores in their mouths, or severely bleeding gums, there is no transmission risk from mouth-to-mouth kissing.
  10. 10. H I V A I DS Once a person's blood lacks the number of CD4 cells required to fight infections, or the person has signs of specific illnesses or diseases that occur in people with H I V infection, doctors make a diagnosis of A I DS. Severe symptoms of H I V infection and A I DS may not appear for 10 years. The amount of time it takes for symptoms of A I DS to appear varies from person to person. Some people may feel and look healthy for years while they are infected with H I V. It is still possible to infect others with H I V , even if the person with the virus has absolutely no symptoms. You CANNOT tell simply by looking at someone whether he or she is infected.
  11. 11. H I V A I DS When a person's immune system is overwhelmed by A I DS, the symptoms can include: trouble remembering things extreme weakness or fatigue rapid weight loss frequent fevers that last for several weeks with no explanation heavy sweating at night swollen lymph glands minor infections that cause skin rashes and mouth, genital, and anal sores white spots in the mouth or throat chronic diarrhea a cough that won't go away
  12. 12. H I V A I DS If you think that you may have H I V or A I DS or if you have had a partner who may have H I V or A I DS, see your family doctor, adolescent doctor, or gynecologitst. He or she will talk with you and perform tests. KNOW YOUR STATUS , GET TESTED! Most A I DS testing centers will ask you to follow up for counseling to get your results, whether the test is negative or positive . The doctor may do a blood test or a swab of the inside of your cheek . Depending on what type of test is done, results may take from a few hours to several days. Let the doctor know the best way to reach you confidentially with any test results. http://kidshealth.org
  13. 13. H I V A I DS
  14. 14. H I V A I DS
  15. 15. H I V A I DS
  16. 16. H I V A I DS 1 December
  17. 17. H I V A I DS People who have H I V might feel alone and frightened at times. More than anyone, they need good friends to lean on and trust.
  18. 18. H I V A I DS QUIZ <ul><li>1. Does HIV only affect gay people? </li></ul><ul><li>Yes </li></ul><ul><li>No </li></ul><ul><li>Only gay men </li></ul><ul><li>Only gay women </li></ul>
  19. 19. H I V A I DS QUIZ <ul><li>2. Which protects you most against HIV infection? </li></ul><ul><li>Condoms </li></ul><ul><li>Contraceptive pills </li></ul><ul><li>Spermicide jelly (kills sperms) </li></ul>
  20. 20. H I V A I DS QUIZ <ul><li>3. How can you tell if somebody has HIV or AIDS? </li></ul><ul><li>Because of the way they act </li></ul><ul><li>They look tired and ill </li></ul><ul><li>There is no easy way to tell </li></ul>
  21. 21. H I V A I DS QUIZ <ul><li>4. Can you get AIDS from sharing the cup of an HIV-infected person? </li></ul><ul><li>Yes </li></ul><ul><li>No </li></ul><ul><li>Only if you don't wash the cup </li></ul>
  22. 22. H I V A I DS QUIZ <ul><li>5. Is there a cure for AIDS? </li></ul><ul><li>Yes </li></ul><ul><li>No </li></ul><ul><li>Only on prescription </li></ul>
  23. 23. H I V A I DS QUIZ <ul><li>6. What is HIV? </li></ul><ul><li>A virus </li></ul><ul><li>A bacterium </li></ul><ul><li>A fungus </li></ul>
  24. 24. H I V A I DS QUIZ <ul><li>7. Can insects transmit HIV? </li></ul><ul><li>Yes </li></ul><ul><li>No </li></ul><ul><li>Only mosquitoes </li></ul>
  25. 25. H I V A I DS QUIZ <ul><li>9. When was the term 'AIDS' defined? </li></ul><ul><li>1977 </li></ul><ul><li>1982 </li></ul><ul><li>1987 </li></ul>
  26. 26. H I V A I DS QUIZ <ul><li>10. Approximately how many people are living with HIV worldwide? (2009) </li></ul><ul><li>42.2 million </li></ul><ul><li>25.8 million </li></ul><ul><li>3.5 million </li></ul>
  27. 27. H I V A I DS QUIZ <ul><li>11. What does HIV stand for? </li></ul><ul><li>Human Immunodeficiency Virus </li></ul><ul><li>Harmful Intravenous Vaccine </li></ul><ul><li>Homosexual Injury Virus </li></ul>
  28. 28. H I V A I DS QUIZ <ul><li>12. What is the difference between HIV and AIDS? </li></ul><ul><li>HIV is a virus and AIDS is a bacterial disease </li></ul><ul><li>HIV is the virus that causes AIDS </li></ul><ul><li>There is no difference between HIV and AIDS </li></ul>
  29. 29. H I V A I DS QUIZ <ul><li>13. Which practice puts you most at risk of becoming infected with HIV? </li></ul><ul><li>Kissing </li></ul><ul><li>Using the same toilet as an infected person </li></ul><ul><li>Unprotected vaginal sex </li></ul><ul><li>Anal sex with a condom </li></ul>
  30. 30. H I V A I DS QUIZ <ul><li>14.What is abstinence? </li></ul><ul><li>To refrain from sex </li></ul><ul><li>To only have sex with one partner </li></ul><ul><li>To lose your virginity </li></ul>http://www.avert.org/lesson1.htm
  31. 31. H I V A I DS QUIZ <ul><li>1. Does HIV only affect gay people? </li></ul><ul><li>Yes </li></ul><ul><li>No </li></ul><ul><li>Only gay men </li></ul><ul><li>Only gay women </li></ul>No HIV can affect anyone from any part of the world.
  32. 32. H I V A I DS QUIZ <ul><li>2. Which protects you most against HIV infection? </li></ul><ul><li>Condoms </li></ul><ul><li>Contraceptive pills </li></ul><ul><li>Spermicide jelly (kills sperms) </li></ul>Condoms Condoms are the most effective way to protect against transmission of HIV and other STDs during sex.
  33. 33. H I V A I DS QUIZ <ul><li>3. How can you tell if somebody has HIV or AIDS? </li></ul><ul><li>Because of the way they act </li></ul><ul><li>They look tired and ill </li></ul><ul><li>There is no easy way to tell </li></ul>There is no easy way to tell There are no specific symptoms of HIV.
  34. 34. H I V A I DS QUIZ <ul><li>4. Can you get AIDS from sharing the cup of an HIV-infected person? </li></ul><ul><li>Yes </li></ul><ul><li>No </li></ul><ul><li>Only if you don't wash the cup </li></ul>No It is not possible to become infected with HIV from everyday casual contact such as sharing food, shaking hands or touching the same objects.
  35. 35. H I V A I DS QUIZ <ul><li>5. Is there a cure for AIDS? </li></ul><ul><li>Yes </li></ul><ul><li>No </li></ul><ul><li>Only on prescription </li></ul>No There is no cure for AIDS. This means it is important to be aware of prevention methods such as safe sex in order to protect yourself.
  36. 36. H I V A I DS QUIZ <ul><li>6. What is HIV? </li></ul><ul><li>A virus </li></ul><ul><li>A bacterium </li></ul><ul><li>A fungus </li></ul>A virus HIV is a virus. Like all viruses, HIV cannot grow or reproduce on its own. In order to make new copies of itself it must infect the cells of a living organism.
  37. 37. H I V A I DS QUIZ <ul><li>7. Can insects transmit HIV? </li></ul><ul><li>Yes </li></ul><ul><li>No </li></ul><ul><li>Only mosquitoes </li></ul>No Insects cannot transmit HIV. When taking blood from someone mosquitoes do not inject blood from any previous person. The only thing that a mosquito injects is saliva, which is used as a lubricant and enables it to feed more efficiently.
  38. 38. H I V A I DS QUIZ <ul><li>8. What does STD stand for? </li></ul><ul><li>Sexually Transmitted Disease </li></ul><ul><li>Special Treatment Doctor </li></ul><ul><li>Standard Transmission Deficiency </li></ul>Sexually Transmitted Disease These can be passed on during sex. So it's always a good idea to use a condom and protect yourself.
  39. 39. H I V A I DS QUIZ <ul><li>9. When was the term 'AIDS' defined? </li></ul><ul><li>1977 </li></ul><ul><li>1982 </li></ul><ul><li>1987 </li></ul>1982 AIDS was first defined in the USA in September 1982. The term 'AIDS' was suggested at a meeting in Washington, D.C., in July.
  40. 40. H I V A I DS QUIZ <ul><li>10. Approximately how many people are living with HIV worldwide? (2009) </li></ul><ul><li>42.2 million </li></ul><ul><li>25.8 million </li></ul><ul><li>3.5 million </li></ul>42.2 million people were living with HIV in 2007, and 22 million of these people were in sub-Saharan Africa.
  41. 41. H I V A I DS QUIZ <ul><li>11. What does HIV stand for? </li></ul><ul><li>Human Immunodeficiency Virus </li></ul><ul><li>Harmful Intravenous Vaccine </li></ul><ul><li>Homosexual Injury Virus </li></ul>Human Immunodeficiency Virus Human Immunodeficiency Virus is the full term for HIV, which means that HIV weakens the body's immune system.
  42. 42. H I V A I DS QUIZ <ul><li>12. What is the difference between HIV and AIDS? </li></ul><ul><li>HIV is a virus and AIDS is a bacterial disease </li></ul><ul><li>HIV is the virus that causes AIDS </li></ul><ul><li>There is no difference between HIV and AIDS </li></ul>HIV is the virus that causes AIDS HIV is the virus that causes AIDS. A person can live a healthy life if they are diagnosed with HIV, they are said to have AIDS when they develop and HIV related illness.
  43. 43. H I V A I DS QUIZ <ul><li>13. Which practice puts you most at risk of becoming infected with HIV? </li></ul><ul><li>Kissing </li></ul><ul><li>Using the same toilet as an infected person </li></ul><ul><li>Unprotected vaginal sex </li></ul><ul><li>Anal sex with a condom </li></ul>Unprotected vaginal sex Unprotected sex carries a high risk for becoming infected with HIV, so using a condom CORRECTLY will protect you.
  44. 44. H I V A I DS QUIZ <ul><li>14.What is abstinence? </li></ul><ul><li>To refrain from sex </li></ul><ul><li>To only have sex with one partner </li></ul><ul><li>To lose your virginity </li></ul>To refrain from sex Abstinence means avoiding sex. Abstinence is encouraged along with partner reduction and condom use as a way of preventing the spread of HIV. http://www.avert.org/lesson1.htm

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