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The Use of Technology In the K-8 Science Curriculum
Technology and Learning in Science Roles of Technology Science Instruction Technology in the Learning Process Levels of Interaction Knowledge Acquisition History of Technology in Science Education Identifying Strengths and Limitations Culture and Linguistic Considerations
Teaching and Learning in the Science classroom involves the interplay between pedagogy and technology.
-”Knowledge or meaning is not simply transferred and received, but is built within individual children through their interactions with the natural world. It is also a social process that occurs as children interact with adults and with each other (Vgotsky).”
Reinforcement Level: One way interaction, computer provides information to the learner.
Problem-Solving Level: Interactions between the program and the learner.
Production Level: Two way interactions between the learner and the program results in new product or information.
Identifying Strengths and Limitations of Materials
Basic Elements that should be reviewed when evaluating technology based materials for Science:
-Technical considerations: Hardware platform, peripheries, ease of operation, color, animation, photo quality, sound, visual layout or screen design.
-Content: Accuracy, range, examples, balance between principles and applications, connections to related content.
-Learner-Centered Concerns: Knowledge and skills, motivation, level of interactivity, locus of control.
-Instructional Strategies and Logistics: Effective and appropriate presentation of content in a variety of modalities, nature of interactivity, time, use by individuals or groups, tracking progress, feedback, record keeping, supporting materials.
-Additional Design Elements: Choice, Branching, individual interests, depth vs. requirements, linear coverage, standardization, breadth.
Characteristics of Successful Instructional Packages
Appropriate for multicultural classrooms
Interesting, motivating topics
Curriculum meets instructional objectives
Equal and effective way of providing information and instruction
Teacher Productivity and Management of the Learning Environment
Teacher as Researcher in the Science Classroom
Building Units of Instruction Planning for a Constructivist Learning Environment Unit Plan Content integration Integrating Technology Instructional Strategies Process
Planning for a Constructivist Learning Environment Learning as Cyclic and Continual Existing Knowledge Base Adding to working knowledge base Transferring knowledge to new Situations, applying knowledge to Solve problems, using knowledge For own purposes Making sense of new Knowledge, generalizing, testing for consistency Exploration of new ideas, Characteristics of materials, and behaviors, New parameters
Science and technology should be accessible to all students.
Technology for science should be accessible for all teachers
Technology in science at the elementary and middle levels provides opportunities for students to explore and construct understandings of the natural world in a learning environment that supports their success as learners