Unit 1 First Americans Student
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Unit 1 First Americans Student

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    Unit 1 First Americans Student Unit 1 First Americans Student Document Transcript

    • America In The Beginning
      Who were the first Americans?
      This land bridge is known as Beringia. Animals like mammoths crossed the bridge or migrated to the America's.
      This caused ocean levels to drop
      and expose land.
      In the Bering straight a land bridge appeared connecting
      Siberia(Asia)& the Americas
      30,000 years ago During a period of low temperatures called an ice age
      The world was covered in glaciers
      or sheets of ice.
      How and why did they come here?
    • America In The Beginning
      What happened when they came to America?
      The ice age ended warming up glaciers causing water levels to rise covering up the land bridge.
      Some animals died off like mammoths.
      Living in many different parts of the Americas the Natives needed to adjust or adapt to every thing in the new surrounds that made up each of their own environments
      in order to survive.
      How did they meet their new needs?
      Hunter's in Asia who moved from place to place to find food or nomads followed the mammoths and spread out or migrated to the America's
    • How did Native Americans adjust to the new environments?
      America In The Beginning
      Different groups in different environments developed their own beliefs and ways of life or culture. Groups in the same environments adapted similar life styles, and language creating cultural region.
      Many Native American have these things in common.
      1. Nature has a spirit and believe in many gods.
      2. No one can own land.
      3. Only use what is needed (no waste).
      4. Trade was important to most societies
      Living in many different parts of the Americas the Natives used the different natural resources in their own different environments for food, clothing, and shelter.
      What did they have in common?
    • 8 Cultural
      Regions
      California
      Great Basin
      Great Plains
      South East
      North West Coast
      Plateau
      Eastern Woodlands
      South West
      Plateau
      Northwest coast
      Great basin
      Northeast
      California
      Plains
      Southeast
      Southwest
    • 8 Cultural Regions
    • North West Coast
      Weather:
      long cold winters
      cool summers
      heavy rainfall
      Natural Resources:
      ocean/beaches
      thick forests of fir,
      spruce, and cedar
      rugged mountains
      seafood/salmon
      deer, moose, bear, elk,
      beaver, mountain goats
      Culture:
      Tools: Use cedar canoes to hunt.
      Fenced in salmon laying eggs
      Used cedar to make rope, mat and baskets, shell needles
      Used wedges, sledge hammers drills and knives to carve wooden masks
      Clothing:
      Cedar water proof clothing like capes with decorative shell buttons
      Shelter:
      Lived near the coast, cedar long houses with cedar bark roofs
    • California
      Weather:
      rainy winters
      hot dry summers
      Natural Resources:
      ocean/coast
      foothills
      valley's
      deserts
      mountains
      acorns, oak trees
      grass, and plants
      redwood trees
      salmon/seafood/shellfish
      deer, rabbits, ducks,
      roots berries, pine nuts
      Culture:
      Tools: Used bow and arrows, snares, and nets used cooking stones to cook acorn meals. Tools from antlers
      Clothing:
      Grass/leather apron and skirts
      Shelter:
      Cone shaped made of red wood bark. Poles and reeds woven into mats
    • Great Basin
      Weather:
      little rain
      hot during the day
      cold at night
      Natural Resources:
      mostly dessert
      low areas surrounded by
      mountains at the edges
      with valleys that had
      seasonal lakes and streams
      plants that need little water like
      grasses, sagebrush, pinon trees,
      at the outer edges pine trees, and willow
      small animals rabbits, lizards,
      grasshoppers, snakes
      sometimes ducks , duck eggs during certain seasons
      seeds,berries pine nuts, roots, cattail
      Culture:
      Tools:
      Water basket sealed with tree sap. Floating duck decoys, nets sharp sticks and flat baskets for catching seeds.
      Clothing: rabbit robes in winter
      Shelter: Nomadic temporary cone shelters of willow brush and reeds
    • Plateau
      Weather:
      long cold winters
      comfortable summers
      Natural Resources:
      mountains with
      dense forests in areas
      flatter in the center with
      drier grass lands
      rivers
      driftwood, mud, dirt,
      grass and sage brush
      fish, antelope, deer, seeds
      onions, carrots, camas roots, salmon
      Culture:
      Tools:
      Woven baskets, willow digging sticks, wooden fishing platforms, nets and spears for salmon
      Clothing: antelope and deer hides leggings dresses and skirts, woven hats seed and shell design
      Shelter:
      Near rivers, partly underground out of driftwood, mud, sap and reeds
    • Great Plains
      Weather:
      cold winters
      hot summers
      Natural Resources:
      mountains surrounding edges
      treeless grasslands in the center
      east more water and softer soil
      west drier dense grass
      Buffalo and smaller animals
      Culture:
      Tools:
      Bow made of buffalo tendon, arrows, V shaped stone trap, fire, bone knives, shield
      Clothing:
      Buffalo robes and hides
      Shelter:
      Houses call tipi’s (plains word for dwelling)
    • South West
      Weather:
      high temperatures
      little rain
      dry/arid
      Natural Resources:
      mountains, canyons
      desserts, flat top mesas
      rivers, little water
      clay, brightly colored plants, cotton
      corn, beans, squash, peppers, rabbits
      Houses: Made of bricks of adobe(sun baked clay) Up to four stories and hundreds of rooms
      Clothes: made of cotton. Using plants to dye the fabric
      Tools: lived in flooded areas. Men dug irrigation ditches and dams to hold the summer rain.
      Women were grinding corn kernels into cornmeal. They used clay pots to cook chili pepper stews.
    • Eastern Woodlands
      Weather:
      snowy winters , rain
      Natural Resources:
      rivers, ocean/coast
      lots of lakes and streams
      Forests, plants,
      maple trees, elm,
      deer, bears, beavers, birds, fish
      corn, sunflowers, tobacco, vegetables,
      nuts, berries
      House: Long house sturdy , long-framed houses covered with elm bark. About 20 feet wide and over 100 feet long. Several related families live in sections of the house.
      Clothing: Skirts capes and moccasins made of deer skin
      Tools: Ground corn with wooden sticks, used wooden canoes, speared fish
      For farming land, man burnt small sections of trees and underbrush. Women used hoes for planting. Made maple syrup and wooden storage canisters.
    • South East
      Weather:
      long warm humid summers
      mild winters
      Natural Resources:
      rivers, ocean/coast
      Fertile coastal plains
      mountains,
      swamps
      Trees, clay, shells,
      corn, beans, squash, pumpkins,
      sunflowers, sweet potatoes
      squirrels, rabbits, turkeys,
      deer, alligators, turtles,
      wild rice, persimmons
      Houses: made of strips of young trees woven into a rectangular frame, then plastered with clay. These houses had pointed roofs made of leaves.
      Towns included many mounds which as burial sights and used as platforms and temples.
      Clothing: Made of deer skin. Jewelry made of stones, shells, feathers, pearls, bones, and clay.
      Tools: used hoes made of stone, shell or animal shoulder blades. Hunted using small blow guns, bows and arrows.