First Human Settlements Phoenicians, Iberians, Celts and Greeks were the first settlers in Spain. Afterwards arrived Carthaginians, Romans, Visigoths and Muslims. IBERIANS CARTHAGINIANS ROMANS VISIGOTHS MUSLIMS
In 1469 the Catholic Kings (Isabel and Fernando) were married, and they began the reconquest of the peninsula, and in 1492 they got totally. This fact coincided with the discovering of América by Cristobal Colón. The Catholic Kings created the Spanish Nation as we know nowadays. THE CATHOLIC MONARCHS CRISTOPHER COLUMBUS
From 1936 to 1939 Spain suffers one of the most difficult era because of a civil war where died lots of Spanish persons. Since 1939 to 1975, Franco (Spanish general ) was the head of the government. CIVIL WAR FRANCO
In 1975 Franco dies and Juan Carlos I de Borbón is named as the king of Spain. Ever since he is the head of the government in Spain. A chapter of Spanish history was forever closed and the doors of freedom and hope were opened for the Spanish people. KING JUAN CARLOS I
Highlands, mountains and plateaux predominate over lowlands. Apart from Switzerland, Spain is the highest country in Europe. The highest summist is: Pico de Teide in Tenerife. <ul><li>Although Spain lies in the temperate zone, our country has got a great diversity of climates. </li></ul>
Spain is divided into 19 autonomous communities 15 on the Peninsula, the Balearic and Canary Islands, and two autonomous towns bordering Morocco (Ceuta and Melilla). In addition to the national capital of Madrid, each autonomous community has a capital (e.g. Barcelona for Catalunya), and within each autonomous community there may be more than one province (e.g. Comunidad Valenciana consists of 3 provinces - Valencia, Alicante and Castellón) that also has a capital and which may be different to the community capital.
Our Autonomous Community is called Castile-La Mancha. Its capital city is Toledo . Castile-La Mancha is formed with the provinces of Toledo, Ciudad Real, Albacete, Cuenca and Guadalajara. Placed into there´s a single region known as La Mancha . It´s in this region where the story of the famous Spanish novel Don Quixote by Miguel de Cervantes is situated. La Mancha remains a symbol of the Spanish culture with its sunflowers, oliveyards, windmills, Manchego cheese , and Don Quixote
Our village is situated in the south of the province of Toledo. Toledo was once the capital city of Spain. Toledo is a magic place, probably one of the most spectacular cities in the world. The old city walls hold hundreds of years of history, and the River Tajo which runs alongside the city walls adds to its charm and beauty.
Our school is situated in Urda. A small village with 3.000 inhabitants. Some interesting places in our villa are these: CITY COUNCIL AUDITORIUM CONCEPCION CHURCH FRONTDOOR CHRIST CHAPEL PARK MUSEUM QUARRY LAGOON RIVER AMARGUILLO
AQUEDUCT (SEGOVIA) LA ALHAMBRA (GRANADA) TOLEDO´S CATHEDRAL SANTIAGO´S CATHEDRAL LA MEZQUITA (CORDOBA) BRIDGE OVER RIVER TAJO (TOLEDO) BISAGRA DOOR (TOLEDO) LA SAGRADA FAMILIA (BARCELONA) ALCALA´S DOOR (MADRID) ROYAL PALACE (MADRID) LA GIRALDA (SEVILLA)
GAUDI (ARCHITECTURE ) ALMODOVAR (CINEMA) CONTADOR (CYCLING) PICASSO (PAINTING) BARDEM (CINEMA) GOYA (PAINTING) SEVERO OCHOA (SCIENCE) ALONSO (FORMULE 1) JULI O IGLESIAS (MUSIC) GARCIA-LORCA (LITERATURE) RAFA NADAL (TENNIS) PAU GASOL ( BASKETBALL) CERVANTES (LITERATURE)
Flamenco is a folk art, around 200 years old. Flamenco exists in three forms: Cante, the song, Baile, the dance, and Guitarra, guitar playing. And the most famous Spanish dance is “sevillanas”
Bull fighting is very closely associated with Spain. its origins back to 711 A.D. Bullfighting was originally an aristocrat sport and took place on horseback. The siesta is one of the most famous aspects of Spanish life. That dead period after lunch when everything shuts down in Spain
The 'Tomatina' Tomato Fight. Surely the worlds' biggest food-fight, in the Spanish town of Bunol (Valencia) Las Fallas (Valencia). This Fiesta dates from the Middle Ages, and includes the famous "Nit del Foc" (Night of the Fire). Sanfermin (Pamplona) is internationally known for the event of the running of the bulls. It take place from 6 th to 14 th of July. The Pilar Festival (Zaragoza) is celebrated every year on the 12th of October. It´s the female patron saint of Spain.
<ul><li>These are different regions and their specialities: </li></ul><ul><li>Basque Country: marmitako. </li></ul><ul><li>Asturias: fabada. </li></ul><ul><li>Galicia: caldeirada. </li></ul><ul><li>Catalonia: escudella. </li></ul><ul><li>Valencia: paella. </li></ul><ul><li>Madrid: callos madrileños. </li></ul><ul><li>Andalucia: gazpacho. </li></ul><ul><li>Castilla la Mancha: manchego cheese. </li></ul><ul><li>All the country: tapas,it´s typical the tapa snack in bars to accompany a pint of beer. </li></ul>1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9
Spain has over 5,000 miles of coastline, there are beautiful and sunny beaches all over Spain The Spanish are a nocturnal race. We sleep less than any other European nationality. We love the night.