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As one of the countries with the longest histories of Chinese immigration and with the largest Chinese community in Latin America, Chinese studies in Peru focused mainly in the history and the role of Chinese immigrants in Peru. But as China economic presence grows and as it became in the year 2011 the biggest export market for Peru now the focus is in the economic relationship and the influence China has in the economy. On the other hand, as the establishment in Peru of several Confucius Institutes in some Universities shows, there is a strong interest in learning Chinese language and Chinese culture, to understand better the economic giant, and from people who want to learn the tools to do business with China.
In the present article first a brief introduction to the relationship between Peru and China is presented, then a history of Chinese studies in Peru is given, in the third part a presentation of some actual research on China is given, in the fourth part some recent initiatives on China studies is presented and in the Conclusions I will try to foresee in which directions these studies will develop.