to the World
and a lot …
By: Russel Aporbo
1. Distinguish direct speech from reported
2. Explain the difference between direct and
PERFECT. . .
Write what you see in the picture
through the use of callouts.
Picture 1- use the circle callout.
Picture 2-use the cloud callout.
Picture3-use the rectangular callout.
Purposes of Curriculum
1. Highlight Curriculum expectations
2. Gather Information about students
3. Motivate students to learn
4. Teachers’ Introspection
5. Evidence of Students ’learning
6. Feedback for improving instruction
Indicators to measure the
1. Are the objectives achievable within the learners’
2. Can the objectives be accomplished within the time
3. Are the resources adequate to accomplish the
4. Are the objectives specific and clear?
5. Are there ways of measuring the outcomes of the
Indicators to measure the
6. Are the objectives observable?
7. Are the Objectives doable?
8. Are the objectives relevant?
9. Overall, are the objectives SMARTER?
-It refers to a set at the beginning of any
-it establishes the goal, the specific
purposes, and the immediate objectives
to be accomplished.
- Refers to the various learning activities
or experiences of the students in order to
achieve the intended curricular outcomes.
Assessing the Implemented
1. Congruency of the learning opportunities
2. Appropriateness of materials and methods
3. Teachers’ skill
4. Addressing students’ learning styles
5. Alternative learning activities
6. Providing maximum learning experiences
7. Opportunity for Multiple Intelligences
-refers to the curriculum outcomes based on
the first two types of curriculum.
-this is considered as the product. It can be
the learning outcomes or a material product
-this is usually described by test scores or
other performance indicators measured by
Criteria for Curriculum
- are set of criteria to be followed in assessing
the different elements of the curriculum.
- These will determine the different levels of
competencies of proficiency of acceptable task
Purpose: Goals and Objectives
1. To have focus on curriculum and instruction
2. To meet the requirements specified in the
policies and standards
3. To provide students’ the best possible
education and level of performance
4. To monitor the progress of the students
5. To motivate students and teachers
Criteria in the Formulation
General criteria in Writing
goals and Objectives
1. Syntactic Correctness
2. Compliance with legal requirements
3. The “Stranger test”
4. Both knowledge and behavior are both
5. The “So-what Test”
7. Common sense
Criteria for Assessment of
Supplantive Approach Generative Approach
Task I – Transform Task II- Sing it!
Task III- Choral Reading
Lights, Camera, Action!
F. Free Communication
Change the following direct speech to reported speech.
•“ These are admirable oranges”, observes the visitor.
•“They come from the plantation behind the house,” says the farmer.
•The visitor fans himself and says, “The day is quite hot.”
•The farmer replies, “It has not rained for quite sometime.”
•The visitor looks at the sky and answers, “Rain is sure to come
•The farmer replies, “I think so too.”
•He adds “The plants need the rain.”
•The visitor says, We need it too.”
•The farmer replies, “The well has not dried up yet.”
•The visitor looks at the sky again and says, “The clouds are getting
Punctuate the following direct speech. Change the lower case
letters whenever necessary.
1.The conductor said this bus will not
2.He told the crowd get back into the
3.The woman requested the conductor
please give me back my ticket!
4.Yes the other passengers chorused,
give us back our tickets!
5.The bus driver arrived. He said we
shall leave as soon as everyone
Construct 10 sentences of direct
speech and change it to reported speed
speech using the T-chart.