Mitra’s work in India
Video conferencing in rural Canada
Not if web-based instruction is better
Rather: how could tech reach learners?
Lack of teacher preparedness
Cultural norms in higher ed
Adult learners’ preferences
How teachers are trained to use tech
How they implement tech
Cultural norms must be an important factor to
consider for technology to be a component of
However, technology cannot supplant quality
teachers; rather, it can enhance educational
Abidin, M. J. Z., Low, J. S. P., & Raman, P. (2012). Using web-based resources in reading
comprehension in a rural primary school. Malaysian Journal of ELT Research, 8(1), 119-152.
Retrieved from http://www.melta.org.my
Barton, S.M. (2008). Cultural factors behind the growth of e-learning in Malaysia—Academic
guanxi. In C. Bonk et al. (Eds.), Proceedings of World Conference on E-Learning in Corporate,
Government, Healthcare, and Higher Education 2008 (pp. 3385-3394). Chesapeake, VA: AACE.
Retrieved October 30, 2013 fromhttp://www.editlib.org/p/30146.
Clark, R. E. (Ed.). (2012). Learning from media: Arguments, analysis, and evidence (2nd ed.). Charlotte,
NC: Information Age.
Ismail, I., Idrus, R. M., Baharum, H., Rosli, M., & Abu Ziden, A. (2011). The learners’ attitudes
towards using different learning methods in e-Learning portal environment. International Journal
of Emerging Technologies in Learning, 6(3), 49-52. Retrieved October 30, 2013
Li, Q., Moorman, L., & Dyjur, P. (2010). Inquiry-based learning and e-mentoring via
videoconference: a study of mathematics and science learning of Canadian rural students.
Educational Technology Research and Development, 58, 729-753. doi: 10.1007/s11423-010-9156-3
Mitra, S. (2013). Build a school in the cloud [Web]. Retrieved from
Wong, S. L., & Teo, T. (2009). Investigating the technology acceptance among student teachers in
Malaysia: An application of the Technology Acceptance Model (TAM). The Asia-Pacific Education
Researcher, 18(2), 261-272. Retrieved October 25, 2013 from Education Research Complete.