Open Data Mark Painter Strategic Intelligence Devon County Council
What is Open Data? Open data is the idea that certain data should be freely available to everyone to use and republish as they wish, without restrictions from copyright, patents or other mechanisms of control.
What is Open Data? In open formats Free for re-use
Why? Greater transparency of public bodies is at the heart of enabling the public to hold politicians and public bodies to account . Where public money is involved there is a fundamental public interest in being able to see how it is being spent, to demonstrate how value for money has been achieved or to highlight inefficiency . Publication of data should also be used to open new markets for local business, the voluntary and community sectors and social enterprises to run services or manage public assets The Code of Recommended Practice for Local Authorities on Data Transparency
Benefits Transparency Delivering services to/on behalf of Government Improving commercial activities Efficiency http://hadleybeeman.net/2011/01/26/uses-for-open-data/
What we should be publishing? <ul><li>Expenditure over £500 </li></ul><ul><li>Senior employee salaries </li></ul><ul><li>Organisational structure chart </li></ul><ul><li>The ‘pay multiple’ – highest pay vs. median pay </li></ul><ul><li>Councillor allowances and expenses. </li></ul><ul><li>Copies of contracts and tenders </li></ul><ul><li>Grants to the voluntary and social enterprise sector </li></ul><ul><li>Details on our financial position. </li></ul><ul><li>The location of public land and building assets </li></ul><ul><li>Data on democratic running of the local authority </li></ul>
The 5 step journey Available on the web (whatever format) but with an open license As for one star plus available as machine-readable structured data (e.g. Excel instead of an image of a table) As for two star plus use a non-proprietary format (e.g. CSV and XML) All the above plus use open standards from the World Wide Web Consortium (such as RDF and SPARQL21) All the above plus link your data to other people’s data to provide contex
What is Linked Data? The term Linked Data is used to describe a method of exposing, sharing, and connecting data via dereferenceable URIs on the Web.
And in English... People, places and concepts are defined by an HTTP address, just link a normal web page http://sws.geonames.org/2651292/about.rdf Rather than Devon, or Devon County, or County of Devon or .....
Which means Because everyone uses the same URI, other information can be linked to it. http://sws.geonames.org/2651292/about.rdf