Using the Web for Research Dr. Carla Piper Brandman University
Using the Internet: World Wide Web Graphics Interactive Links TEXT Sound Video
How does the web work?
- Computers that hold information for access on the web called WWW Servers.
- Type the address of the server into your browser – File: Open Location
- The URL – Uniform Resource Locator will find the server for you to “talk to.
- The URL takes you to the “home page.”
- http:// = H yper T ext T ransfer P rotocol – way of transferring HTML web pages
Types of Websites - Extensions
- .gov – government site – www.ed.gov
- .edu – university site – www.brandman.edu
- .com – commercial site – www.amazon.com
- .net – originally network or e-mail website*
- .org – originally organization site*
- . K12.ca.us – public school site (k-12)
- .html – the web page extension – H yper T ext M arkup L anguage (or .htm)
- * Opened up top-level domains .org and .net to allow other types of websites. Additional extensions have been suggested and are being reviewed.
Web Search Engines
- Subject Directories (TREE)
- most widely-used internet catalog
- Professionals classify web pages into categories
- Dogpile, Bing, Alta Vista, Hotbot, Lycos
- Ask.com – http://www.ask.com/
- Type in a simple question in plain English
- Search Engine Guide - http://www.searchengineguide.com/
Other Search Engines
- MetaCrawler, Inference Find. Ixquick
- Combine results of several search engines into one
- Specialized Search Services – Deja-News
- Google – http://www.google.com
- National Center for Education Statistics - http://nces.ed.gov/
- Library of Congress – http://www.loc.gov
- U.S. Department of Education – http://www.ed.gov
- ERIC – Educational Research Information Center – http://www.eric.ed.gov
- Journal Abstracts and Digests
- Site-specific Search Engine for Education
Boolean Logic for Searching
- Boolean Logic – means by which search terms can be combined
- Boolean Operators – keywords
- Most Common Used by Search Engines
- And – all specified search terms appear
- Or – At least one of the specified terms appears
- And Not/Not – Excludes terms
- Near/Followed by – Based on proximity of words to one another
Boolean “ or” links two terms and expands a search “ and” links two terms and narrows search “ not” narrows a search by excluding a 2 nd term
- The internet is not like a library
- No established set of rules
- Not specialists – like trained librarians
- Most useful as supplementary tool
- No guarantees that source is reliable or unbiased – anyone can publish
- Can be a black hole – sources disappear
- Be patient – the web is often slow
- Useful information is not always free!
Ask yourself these questions:
- What server did you find the information on?
- Who wrote or put up the information?
- What are the credentials of the author or web manager?
- Could there be a hidden agenda behind this information source?
- The web is not an encyclopedia!
- Know when you need information
- Know how to find information
- Know how to evaluate information
- Know how to process information
- Know how to use information to make appropriate decisions in your life
Brandman University Library Services http://www1.chapman.edu/library/
- Click on General Database Link
- Click on “show more” under “change subject”
- Choose “education” - http://cufts2.lib.sfu.ca/CRDB/COU/browse/facets/subject/230
- Education Full Text – HW Wilson
- ERIC – HW Wilson or EBESCO
Search Database by Subject
Search through Journal Finder
ERIC ERIC - Great site for learning all about ERIC Resources - http://www.eric.ed.gov/ ERIC Digests http://www.ericdigests.org Learning APA Style: http://www.apastyle.org/learn/index.aspx
- Brandman University Library Services - http://www1.chapman.edu/library/centers/
- Brandman University Tutorials and Research Guides - http://chapman.libguides.com/brandman
- Education Databases - http://cufts2.lib.sfu.ca/CRDB/COU/browse/facets/subject/230
- Course Guides (Download EDUU451/551 guide) - http://chapman.libguides.com/content.php?pid=58069&sid=591620
- Using the Internet: World Wide Web Pages Featuring Education - http://www.ed.gov/pubs/OR/ConsumerGuides/webpage.html
- Information Literacy: The Web is not an Encyclopedia - http://www.oit.umd.edu/units/web/literacy/
- Penn State Boolean Searching - http://www.sgps.psu.edu/foweb/lib/boolean_search/index.html
- About.com – Learn How to Use Boolean Search Operators - http://websearch.about.com/od/internetresearch/a/boolean.htm
- Internet Tutorials - http://www.internettutorials.net/boolean.asp