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  • 1. Using the Web for Research Dr. Carla Piper Brandman University
  • 2. Using the Internet: World Wide Web • Firefox Browser • Internet Explorer Graphics Interactive Links TEXT Sound Video
  • 3. How does the web work? • Computers that hold information for access on the web called WWW Servers. • Type the address of the server into your browser – File: Open Location • The URL – Uniform Resource Locator will find the server for you to “talk to. • The URL takes you to the “home page.” • http:// = HyperText Transfer Protocol – way of transferring HTML web pages
  • 4. Types of Websites - Extensions • .gov – government site – www.ed.gov • .edu – university site – www.brandman.edu • .com – commercial site – www.amazon.com • .net – originally network or e-mail website* • .org – originally organization site* • .mil – military site • . K12.ca.us – public school site (k-12) • .html – the web page extension – Hyper Text Markup Language (or .htm) *Opened up top-level domains .org and .net to allow other types of websites. Additional extensions have been suggested and are being reviewed.
  • 5. Web Search Engines Databases of information • Yahoo – www.yahoo.com – Subject Directories (TREE) – most widely-used internet catalog – Professionals classify web pages into categories – Yahooligans for kids • Dogpile, Bing, Alta Vista, Hotbot, Lycos • Ask.com – http://www.ask.com/ – Type in a simple question in plain English • Search Engine Guide - http://www.searchengineguide.com/
  • 6. Other Search Engines • Meta-search Engines – – MetaCrawler, Inference Find. Ixquick – Combine results of several search engines into one • Specialized Search Services – Deja-News • Google – http://www.google.com • Advanced Google Searches
  • 7. Government Databases • National Center for Education Statistics - http://nces.ed.gov/  • Library of Congress – http://www.loc.gov • U.S. Department of Education – http://www.ed.gov • ERIC – Educational Research Information Center – http://www.eric.ed.gov – Journal Abstracts and Digests – Site-specific Search Engine for Education
  • 8. Boolean Logic for Searching • Boolean Logic – means by which search terms can be combined • Boolean Operators – keywords • Most Common Used by Search Engines – And – all specified search terms appear – Or – At least one of the specified terms appears – And Not/Not – Excludes terms – Near/Followed by – Based on proximity of words to one another
  • 9. “or” links two terms and expands a search “and” links two terms and narrows search “not” narrows a search by excluding a 2nd term Boolean
  • 10. General Guidelines • The internet is not like a library – No established set of rules – Not specialists – like trained librarians – No organization • Most useful as supplementary tool • No guarantees that source is reliable or unbiased – anyone can publish • Can be a black hole – sources disappear • Be patient – the web is often slow • Useful information is not always free!
  • 11. Ask yourself these questions: • What server did you find the information on? • Who wrote or put up the information? • What are the credentials of the author or web manager? • Could there be a hidden agenda behind this information source? • The web is not an encyclopedia!
  • 12. Information Literacy You have the ability to: • Know when you need information • Know how to find information • Know how to evaluate information • Know how to process information • Know how to use information to make appropriate decisions in your life http://www.webs.uidaho.edu/info_literacy/
  • 13. C.R.A.A.P. Test Guide: Currency Currency: the timeliness of the information •When was the information published or posted? •Has the information been revised or updated? •Is the information current or out-of date for your topic? •Are the links functional? http://www.juniata.edu/services/library/instruction/handouts/craap_worksheet.pdf
  • 14. C.R.A.A.P. Test Guide: Relevance Relevance: the importance of the information for your needs •Does the information relate to your topic or answer your question? •Who is the intended audience? •Is the information at an appropriate level •Have you looked at a variety of sources before choosing this one? •Would you be comfortable using this source for a research paper? http://www.juniata.edu/services/library/instruction/handouts/craap_worksheet.pdf
  • 15. C.R.A.A.P. Test Guide: Authority Authority: the source of the information? •Are the author's credentials or organizational affiliations given? •What are the author's credentials or organizational affiliations given? •What are the author's qualifications to write on the topic? •Is there contact information, such as a publisher or e-mail address? •Does the URL reveal anything about the author or source? Resource
  • 16. C.R.A.A.P. Test Guide: Accuracy Accuracy: the reliability, truthfulness, and correctness of the content •Is the information supported by evidence? •Has the information been reviewed or refereed? •Can you verify any of the information in another source? •Does the language or tone seem biased and free of emotion? •Are there spelling, grammar, or other typographical errors? Resource
  • 17. C.R.A.A.P. Test Guide: Purpose Purpose: the reason the information exists •What is the purpose of the information? •Do the authors/sponsors make their intentions or purpose clear? •Is the information fact? opinion? propaganda? •Does the point of view appear objective and impartial? •Are there political, ideological, cultural, religious, institutional, or personal biases? Resource
  • 18. Brandman University Library Services http://www1.chapman.edu/library/ • Click on General Database Link • Click on “show more” under “change subject” • Choose “education” - http://cufts2.lib.sfu.ca/CRDB/COU/browse/facets/subject/230 – Education Full Text – HW Wilson – ERIC – HW Wilson or EBESCO
  • 19. Search Database by Subject • Technology • Education • Computers • Other Content Areas
  • 20. Search through Journal Finder
  • 21. ERIC - Great site for learning all about ERIC Resources - http://www.eric.ed.gov/ ERIC Digests http://www.ericdigests.org Learning APA Style: http://www.apastyle.org/learn/index.aspx ERIC
  • 22. Resources • Brandman University Library Services - http://www1.chapman.edu/library/centers/ • Brandman University Tutorials and Research Guides - http://chapman.libguides.com/brandman • Education Databases - http://cufts2.lib.sfu.ca/CRDB/COU/browse/facets/subject/230 • Course Guides (Download EDUU451/551 guide) - http://chapman.libguides.com/content.php?pid=58069&sid=591620 • Using the Internet: World Wide Web Pages Featuring Education - http://www.ed.gov/pubs/OR/ConsumerGuides/webpage.html • Information Literacy: The Web is not an Encyclopedia -http://www.oit.umd.edu/units/web/literacy/ • Penn State Boolean Searching - http://www.sgps.psu.edu/foweb/lib/boolean_search/index.html • About.com – Learn How to Use Boolean Search Operators - http://websearch.about.com/od/internetresearch/a/boolean.htm • Internet Tutorials - http://www.internettutorials.net/boolean.asp