The Arts in Education Why Teach the Arts? Carla Piper, Ed. D. http://www.soundpiper.com
Aims of Education - Today <ul><li>Public schools in U.S. established for moral and social reasons as well as academic. </l...
Narrowed Educational Aim <ul><li>Industrial Revolution invented way of thinking about productivity. </li></ul><ul><li>Tech...
Invention of Education <ul><li>One of the most magnificent of human inventions is the Invention of Education-- no other sp...
Elliot Eisner <ul><li>Consequences of current reform efforts and emphasis on boosting test scores. </li></ul><ul><li>Narro...
Ten Lessons the Arts Teach <ul><li>The arts teach children to make good judgments about qualitative relationships. Unlike ...
Ten Lessons the Arts Teach <ul><li>The arts  celebrate multiple perspectives . One of their large lessons is that there ar...
Ten Lessons the Arts Teach <ul><li>The arts make vivid the fact that neither words in their literal form nor numbers exhau...
Ten Lessons the Arts Teach <ul><li>The arts help children learn to  say what cannot be said . When children are invited to...
Ten Lessons the Arts Teach <ul><li>The arts enable us to have experience we can have from no other source and through such...
Quote of the Day! <ul><li>“ Children are not a  </li></ul><ul><li>can of baked beans… Standardized in the cooking and cann...
The Whole Child <ul><li>Are our children… </li></ul><ul><li>Healthy? </li></ul><ul><li>Safe? </li></ul><ul><li>Engaged? </...
How do we learn? <ul><li>Bloom's Taxonomy Learning Domains </li></ul><ul><li>Cognitive   - intellectual capability, ie., k...
How do we learn? <ul><li>Bloom's Taxonomy Learning Domains </li></ul>Cognitive intellectual  capability  knowledge 'think'...
Cognitive Fields in the Arts <ul><li>Art history  </li></ul><ul><li>Art criticism  </li></ul><ul><li>Perception  </li></ul...
Affective Objectives in Art <ul><li>Students will express personal feelings through the arts  </li></ul><ul><li>Students w...
Pscyhomotor and Multisensory Stages in  Art <ul><li>Perception  </li></ul><ul><li>Readiness to act  </li></ul><ul><li>Abil...
The Whole Child <ul><li>ASCD -  http://www.wholechildeducation.org/   </li></ul><ul><li>About the Whole Child -  http://ww...
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Teacharts533

  1. 1. The Arts in Education Why Teach the Arts? Carla Piper, Ed. D. http://www.soundpiper.com
  2. 2. Aims of Education - Today <ul><li>Public schools in U.S. established for moral and social reasons as well as academic. </li></ul><ul><li>“ Surely we should demand more from our schools than to educate people to be proficient in reading and mathematics.” Educational Leadership, September, 2005 </li></ul>Noddings, 2005 Educational Leadership, September, 2005
  3. 3. Narrowed Educational Aim <ul><li>Industrial Revolution invented way of thinking about productivity. </li></ul><ul><li>Technical rationality </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Set standards </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Determine best practice for achieving goals </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Predict success for all </li></ul></ul><ul><li>High premium on effectiveness and efficiency </li></ul><ul><li>Measurement mania and competition </li></ul><ul><li>The speed of reaching the destination is considered a virtue. </li></ul><ul><li>Consider the faster student the brighter student </li></ul>Elliott Eisner, 2005
  4. 4. Invention of Education <ul><li>One of the most magnificent of human inventions is the Invention of Education-- no other species educates its young as do we. </li></ul><ul><li>At this time of great change, we must remember the ancient value of education and preserve it— </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Not just facts, data, information, but </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Knowledge, understanding, judgment, wisdom. </li></ul></ul><ul><li>We must use the ancient arts and crafts of education to prepare youngsters for a world we can not anticipate or fully envision. </li></ul>Howard Gardner, 2003
  5. 5. Elliot Eisner <ul><li>Consequences of current reform efforts and emphasis on boosting test scores. </li></ul><ul><li>Narrowed the curriculum and “blinkered” our vision of what we used to call “the whole child.” </li></ul><ul><li>“ To focus all our attention on measure academic performance is to blind us to these youngster’s need to live a satisfying life.” </li></ul><ul><li>Aim is not to simply focus on the narrowly cognitive, but to see how students respond emotionally, imaginatively, and socially. </li></ul><ul><li>The arts make it possible in vivid ways to eliminate a distinction between cognition and emotion. </li></ul>Eisner, 2005
  6. 6. Ten Lessons the Arts Teach <ul><li>The arts teach children to make good judgments about qualitative relationships. Unlike much of the curriculum in which correct answers and rules prevail, in the arts, it is judgment rather than rules that prevail . </li></ul><ul><li>The arts teach children that problems can have more than one solution and that questions can have more than one answer . </li></ul>By Elliott Eisner http://yalepress.yale.edu/yupbooks/pdf/0300095236.pdf?winOpen=true
  7. 7. Ten Lessons the Arts Teach <ul><li>The arts celebrate multiple perspectives . One of their large lessons is that there are many ways to see and interpret the world. </li></ul><ul><li>The arts teach children that in complex forms of problem solving purposes are seldom fixed, but change with circumstance and opportunity. Learning in the arts requires the ability and a willingness to surrender to the unanticipated possibilities of the work as it unfolds. </li></ul>By Elliott Eisner
  8. 8. Ten Lessons the Arts Teach <ul><li>The arts make vivid the fact that neither words in their literal form nor numbers exhaust what we can know. The limits of our language do not define the limits of our cognition. </li></ul><ul><li>The arts teach students that small differences can have large effects . The arts traffic in subtleties. </li></ul><ul><li>The arts teach students to think through and within a material. All art forms employ some means through which images become real. </li></ul>By Elliott Eisner http://yalepress.yale.edu/yupbooks/pdf/0300095236.pdf?winOpen=true
  9. 9. Ten Lessons the Arts Teach <ul><li>The arts help children learn to say what cannot be said . When children are invited to disclose what a work of art helps them feel, they must reach into their poetic capacities to find the words that will do the job. </li></ul>By Elliott Eisner http://yalepress.yale.edu/yupbooks/pdf/0300095236.pdf?winOpen=true
  10. 10. Ten Lessons the Arts Teach <ul><li>The arts enable us to have experience we can have from no other source and through such experience to discover the range and variety of what we are capable of feeling . </li></ul><ul><li>The arts’ position in the school curriculum symbolizes to the young what adults believe is important . </li></ul>By Elliott Eisner http://yalepress.yale.edu/yupbooks/pdf/0300095236.pdf?winOpen=true
  11. 11. Quote of the Day! <ul><li>“ Children are not a </li></ul><ul><li>can of baked beans… Standardized in the cooking and canning process” </li></ul><ul><li>Assembly line model Products have little variability Uniformity is a virtue </li></ul><ul><li>Elliot Eisner </li></ul><ul><li>2005 </li></ul>
  12. 12. The Whole Child <ul><li>Are our children… </li></ul><ul><li>Healthy? </li></ul><ul><li>Safe? </li></ul><ul><li>Engaged? </li></ul><ul><li>Supported? </li></ul><ul><li>Challenged? </li></ul><ul><li>“ Our children deserve an education that emphasizes academic rigor as well as the essential 21st-century skills of critical thinking and creativity.” </li></ul><ul><li>http://www.wholechildeducation.org/about/ </li></ul>Teach through the arts!
  13. 13. How do we learn? <ul><li>Bloom's Taxonomy Learning Domains </li></ul><ul><li>Cognitive - intellectual capability, ie., knowledge, or 'think' </li></ul><ul><li>Affective - feelings, emotions and behaviour, ie., attitude, or 'feel' </li></ul><ul><li>Pscyhomotor and Multisensory  - manual and physical skills, ie., skills, or 'do' </li></ul>
  14. 14. How do we learn? <ul><li>Bloom's Taxonomy Learning Domains </li></ul>Cognitive intellectual capability knowledge 'think' Affective feelings emotions behavior attitude 'feel' Pscyhomotor Multisensory manual and physical skills 'do'
  15. 15. Cognitive Fields in the Arts <ul><li>Art history </li></ul><ul><li>Art criticism </li></ul><ul><li>Perception </li></ul><ul><li>Aesthetics </li></ul>Integration in the Three Domains: Cognitive, Affective, and Psychomotor - Chapter Six (p. 59)
  16. 16. Affective Objectives in Art <ul><li>Students will express personal feelings through the arts </li></ul><ul><li>Students will express feelings common to their age. </li></ul><ul><li>Students will show feelings about external events in their art and music. </li></ul><ul><li>Students will indirectly express their personal feelings through arts criticism. </li></ul><ul><li>Students will express feelings by sharing their art as gifts. </li></ul>
  17. 17. Pscyhomotor and Multisensory Stages in Art <ul><li>Perception </li></ul><ul><li>Readiness to act </li></ul><ul><li>Ability to copy an instructor </li></ul><ul><li>Ability to carry out simple, and then complex movement patterns with confidence </li></ul><ul><li>Ability to modify and adapt established patterns to meet special situations </li></ul><ul><li>Ability to create new movement patterns </li></ul>
  18. 18. The Whole Child <ul><li>ASCD - http://www.wholechildeducation.org/ </li></ul><ul><li>About the Whole Child - http://www.wholechildeducation.org/about/ </li></ul><ul><li>Resources - http://www.wholechildeducation.org/clearinghouse/ </li></ul><ul><li>Developing the Whole Child with the Arts - http://www.educationupdate.com/archives/2004/apr04/issue/cov_developing.html </li></ul><ul><li>Keep Arts in the Schools - http://www.keepartsinschools.org/Research/FactSheet.php </li></ul>

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