Notation

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Notation

  1. 1. How is Music Written? Carla Piper, Ed. D.
  2. 2. Writing the Sounds of Music <ul><li>Rhythm </li></ul><ul><li>Melody </li></ul><ul><li>Harmony </li></ul>
  3. 3. The Staff - Rhythm <ul><li>Divided into Equal Parts </li></ul><ul><li>Musical Timeline </li></ul><ul><li>Beginning to End </li></ul>Start Finish Bar Line Measure Measure
  4. 4. Time Signature <ul><li>4 counts in each measure </li></ul><ul><li>Quarter note (1/4) gets 1 count </li></ul>Time Signature Time Signature Bar Line Measure 4 4 1 2 3 4 1 2 3 4
  5. 5. Quarter Notes <ul><li>4 counts in each measure </li></ul><ul><li>Quarter note gets one count </li></ul>Time Signature Bar Lines Double Bar Line 1 2 3 4 1 2 3 4
  6. 6. Rhythm Whole Note – long sound - 4 beats long Half Note – medium length - 2 beats long Quarter Note – medium walking sound – 1 beat long Eighth Note – short or fast running sound – ½ beat long
  7. 7. Staff Shows Pitch: High and Low Tones Musical notes written on 5 lines and 4 spaces called the staff. Low Sounds High Sounds From bottom to top shows the pitch of the sound: Low to High Sounds
  8. 8. The Staff - Melody <ul><li>5 Lines and 4 Spaces </li></ul><ul><li>Tells Pitch of Tone </li></ul><ul><li>Low to High Pitch </li></ul>Low High 1 2 3 4 5 1 2 3 4 Lines Spaces
  9. 9. The Musical Alphabet <ul><li>a b c d e f g </li></ul><ul><li>Lines – e g b d f </li></ul><ul><li>Spaces – f a c e </li></ul>Treble Clef Sign e g b d f f a c e Lines Spaces
  10. 10. Musical Notes on the Staff 4 4 C D E F G A B C C D E F G A B C
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