What should be highlighted: facts, information? data? If so, which of the countless facts that exist?
Subject matters and disciplines--if so, which ones?
Which science, which history?
Should we nurture creativity, critical thinking?
If there is to be an additional focus, should it be arts, technology, a social focus, a moral focus?
What Should be the Focus of Education?
What is Special about Human Beings
“ Human beings have done many terrible things but countless members of our species have done wonderful things as well: works of art, works of music, discoveries of science and technology , heroic acts of courage and sacrifice.
Our youngsters must learn about these achievements, come to respect them, have time to reflect about them (and what it took to achieve them) and aspire some day to achieve anew in the same tradition…or perhaps even to found a new tradition.”
Howard Gardner, 2003
How do we learn?
Bloom's Taxonomy Learning Domains
Cognitive - intellectual capability, ie., knowledge, or 'think'
Affective - feelings, emotions and behaviour, ie., attitude, or 'feel'
Pscyhomotor and Multisensory - manual and physical skills, ie., skills, or 'do'
Some kind of stimulus to the brain starts the learning process.
The stimulus is sorted and processed at several levels.
Results in formation of memory.
Either doing something we already know how to do - or we are doing something new.
Stimulation is doing something new - lighting up the brain scan.
Once a task is learned, the brain lights up less.
What we do know...
How Does the Brain Work?
Technology paved the way for understanding more about how brain works.
Enabled researchers to understand and see inside the brain.
Brain scanners developed - Brain Imaging Technology
(MRI) Magnetic Resonance Imaging
(PET) Positron Emission Tomography – Radioactive glucose used to determine activity in different parts of the brain
(EEG) Electroencephalography – Electrodes give us readings about electrical output of the brain
Secret Life of the Brain
PBS Web - http://www.pbs.org/wnet/brain/index.html
The Left Brain versus the Right Brain Argument Simplification of a Very Complex Neurological System Go to Neuroscience for Kids
Two Cerebral Hemispheres Left and Right
Processes things more in parts and sequentially
Musicians process music in left hemisphere
Visual and performing arts have been considered right-brain "frills" but trained musicians and artists use more left-brain and novice musicians use more right.
Higher-level mathematicians, problem solvers, and chess players actually have more right-brained activity, but beginners use more left brain.
Drawing on the Right Side of the Brain
L-Mode (left brain)
The verbal, analytic mode
Step-by-step style of thinking
Using words, numbers and other symbols
Strings things out in sequences, like words in a sentence
R-Mode (right brain)
The visual, perceptual mode
Uses visual information and processes
All at once, like recognizing the face of a friend
Go to: http://www.drawright.com/ Betty Edwards Ways of Knowing and Seeing
"You have two brains: a left and a right. Modern brain scientists now know that your left brain is your verbal and rational brain; it thinks serially and reduces its thoughts to numbers, letters and words… Your right brain is your nonverbal and intuitive brain; it thinks in patterns, or pictures, composed of ‘whole things,’ and does not comprehend reductions, either numbers, letters, or words." From The Fabric of Mind, by the eminent scientist and neurosurgeon, Richard Bergland. Viking Penguin, Inc., New York 1985. p.1
Area around your forehead
Involved in purposeful acts like judgment, creativity, problem solving, and planning .
Top back area of the brain
Processes higher sensory and language functions
Left and right side above and around the ears
Primarily responsible for hearing , memory, meaning, and language.
Some overlap in functions of the lobes.
Back of the brain
Primarily responsible for vision
Stages of Development Through Sensory Experiences in the First Year