Children learn through natural, undirected play free of adult interference and guidance
Education began at birth and continued throughout life
Believed in natural growth process (stages of development)
Valued the natural interests and development of the child
French philosopher, writer, social theorist – wrote novel “Emile” “ Innate goodness will flower when children are raised out of contact with corrupt society” Children learn best through direct experience and exploration of the environment
Education is the life of the child in the present, not just preparation for the future
The community is a source for curriculum
Believed people could develop their full potential
Physical, social, emotional, and intellectual development
Educating the Whole Child Emotional Physical Intellectual Social Science Math Sensory Small Muscle Large Muscle Music Art Language Literacy Creative Movement Social Studies Literature Nutrition, Health, Safety Feeny, Christensen, Moravick Human Development Domains
Piaget Quotes Equilibrium - balance between the structure of the mind and the environment "The principle goal of education is to create men who are capable of doing new things, not simply of repeating what other generations have done – men [women] who are creative, inventive and discoverers.”
communicate verbally and nonverbally as they think about their actions and modify their thinking to take new learning into account
“ Scaffolding” means adults both support children’s current level of thinking and challenge them.
Adults encourage children’s efforts and help them extend or build on their work by talking with them about what they are doing, by joining in their play, and by helping them learn to solve problems that arise.