Early Learning Standards


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Early Learning Standards

  1. 1. Early Learning Standards NAEYC Prepared by Carla Piper, Ed. D. http://www.naeyc.org/positionstatements/learning_standards
  2. 2. Why Early Learning Standards? <ul><li>“ Early learning standards can be a valuable part of a comprehensive, high-quality system of services for young children.” </li></ul>
  3. 3. Definitions of Standards <ul><li>Early Learning Standards - Expectations for the learning and development of young children. </li></ul><ul><li>Content Standards - Summary descriptions of what it is that students should know and/or be able to do within a particular discipline (source: McREL) </li></ul><ul><li>Performance Standards - Levels of student performance in respect to the knowledge or skill described in a single benchmark or a set of closely related benchmarks (source: McREL). </li></ul>http://www.naeyc.org/files/naeyc/file/ecprofessional/StandardsSelfAssessmentTool.pdf
  4. 4. More Definitions <ul><li>Program Standards </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Expectations for the characteristics or quality of schools, child care centers, and other educational settings. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Head Start uses the term “PerformanceStandards” in a way that is closer to the definition of “program standards”— describing expectations for the functioning of a Head Start program and not the accomplishments of children in the program. </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Benchmarks </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Specific description of knowledge or skill that students should acquire by a particular point in their schooling—usually tied to a grade or age level. </li></ul></ul>http://www.naeyc.org/files/naeyc/file/ecprofessional/StandardsSelfAssessmentTool.pdf
  5. 5. Where we Stand - NAEYC <ul><li>Standards must: </li></ul><ul><li>Emphasize significant, developmentally appropriate content and outcomes </li></ul><ul><li>Be developed and reviewed through informed, inclusive processes </li></ul><ul><li>Be implemented and assessed in ways that support all young children’s development </li></ul><ul><li>Be accompanied by strong supports for early childhood programs, professionals, and families. </li></ul>
  6. 6. Developmentally Appropriate Content <ul><li>Emphasize ALL areas of early development and learning </li></ul><ul><ul><li>cognitive, language, physical, social, and emotional </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Meaningful content and outcomes </li></ul><ul><li>Not merely scaled-back versions of standards for older children but based on research </li></ul><ul><li>Linked to specific ages or developmental periods </li></ul>
  7. 7. Outcomes for ALL Children <ul><li>Recognize and accommodate variations </li></ul><ul><ul><li>children’s cultures, languages, communities </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>individual characteristics, abilities, and disabilities. </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Flexibility supports positive outcomes for all children. </li></ul>
  8. 8. Standards Reviewed through Informed, Inclusive Processes <ul><li>Relevant, valid sources of expertise are called on to help develop and review the standards </li></ul><ul><li>Multiple stakeholders are involved </li></ul><ul><ul><li>community members, families, early childhood educators and special educators, and other professional groups. </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Shared and discussed with all stakeholders. </li></ul><ul><li>Regularly reviewed and revised so they remain relevant and evidence-based. </li></ul>
  9. 9. Support All Young Children’s Development <ul><li>Curriculum, classroom practices, and teaching strategies must support the standards </li></ul><ul><li>Connect with young children’s interests and abilities to promote positive development and learning </li></ul>
  10. 10. Assessment <ul><li>Assessment instruments clearly connected to important learning represented in the standards </li></ul><ul><ul><li>technically, developmentally, and culturally valid </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>provide information that is comprehensive and useful </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Information gained from assessments must benefit children. </li></ul><ul><li>Assessment and accountability systems </li></ul><ul><ul><li>should improve practices and services </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>should not be used to rank, sort, or penalize young children </li></ul></ul>
  11. 11. Need Support for Programs, Professionals, and Families <ul><li>Require adequate resources for high-quality programs to create environments in which standards can be implemented effectively </li></ul><ul><li>Significant expansion of professional development to implement the standards </li></ul><ul><li>Accompanied by respectful family communication and support. </li></ul>
  12. 12. Assessing Progress with Early Learning Standards <ul><li>Click Here for a Self Assessment Tool from NAEYC </li></ul><ul><li>What should the standards include? </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Guiding principles—what you believe about young children and about their development and learning </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Overview of and rationale for each content area </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Expectations for young children’s learning (learning standard) or descriptions of what children should know or do within a discipline (content standard) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Description of knowledge or level of skill that children should acquire (benchmarks, performance standards </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Examples of children’s behaviors </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Expectations for the program—agency, teachers’ support for children’s learning, etc. (program standards) </li></ul></ul><ul><li>How should the standards be organized? </li></ul>General Specific
  13. 13. National Early Childhood Technical Assistance - NECTAC <ul><li>Early Learning Standards - http://www.nectac.org/topics/quality/earlylearn.asp </li></ul><ul><li>Overview of 36 States (2005) http://www.serve.org/_downloads/publications/insidecontentes.pdf </li></ul><ul><li>Quality Assurance </li></ul><ul><li>Accountability </li></ul><ul><li>Effectiveness </li></ul>
  14. 14. National Institute for Early Education Research <ul><li>NIEER - http://nieer.org/ </li></ul><ul><li>The State of Preschool Yearbook - http://nieer.org/yearbook/ </li></ul><ul><li>State Profiles - http://nieer.org/yearbook/states/ </li></ul><ul><li>California - http://nieer.org/yearbook/pdf/CA.pdf </li></ul><ul><li>Washington – http://nieer.org/yearbook/pdf/WA.pdf </li></ul>
  15. 15. NIEER Quality Standards Expectations
  16. 16. California Yearbook <ul><li>http://nieer.org/yearbook/pdf/CA.pdf </li></ul><ul><li>In process </li></ul>
  17. 17. Washington Yearbook <ul><li>http://nieer.org/yearbook/pdf/WA.pdf </li></ul>
  18. 18. Which States Have Early Learning Standards? <ul><li>Go to NCCIC - http://nccic.acf.hhs.gov/pubs/goodstart/elgwebsites.html </li></ul>
  19. 19. California <ul><li>Desired Results Developmental Profile </li></ul><ul><ul><li>http://www.cde.ca.gov/sp/cd/ci/desiredresults.asp </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Forms - http://www.cde.ca.gov/sp/cd/ci/drdpforms.asp </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>WestEd - http://www.wested.org/desiredresults/training/ </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Preschool Learning Foundations Volume 1 </li></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>http://www.cde.ca.gov/sp/cd/re/psfoundations.asp </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>http://www.cde.ca.gov/sp/cd/re/documents/preschoollf.pdf </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><li>CPIN – California Preschool Instructional Network – http://cpin.us </li></ul>View the CPIN “Foundations” Powerpoint for more on California Learning Standards
  20. 20. CPIN Regions <ul><li>For Interactive Map - http://www.cpin.us/regional.htm </li></ul><ul><li>Are you connected to your profession? </li></ul><ul><li>Locate your CPIN lead! </li></ul><ul><li>Look for training events near you! http://www.cpin.us/cs/cpin/cal/4 </li></ul>
  21. 21. Washington <ul><li>PDF File of Early Learning and Development Benchmarks - http://www.k12.wa.us/EarlyLearning/pubdocs/EarlyLearningBenchmarks.pdf </li></ul><ul><li>Department of Early Learning - http://www.del.wa.gov/ </li></ul>
  22. 22. Head Start <ul><li>Head Start Program Measures </li></ul>
  23. 23. Zero to Three <ul><li>Zero to Three - http://www.zerotothree.org/ </li></ul><ul><li>Early Learning Guidelines - http://www.zerotothree.org/site/DocServer/Early_Learning_Guidelines_for_Infants_and_Toddlers.pdf </li></ul><ul><li>Shared Vision for Early Learning Standards </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Improve teaching practices </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Serve as a curriculum resource </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Improve professional development </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Educate parents about child learning and development </li></ul></ul>
  24. 24. Infant/Toddler Early Learning Standards Process Link
  25. 25. Get Involved! Join your professional organizations. Participate in your state organizations. http://www.naeyc.org/membership