The importance of a community of inquiry is that, while the objective of critical reflection is intellectual autonomy, in reality, critical reflection is “thoroughly social and communal”.
Community of Inquiry Framework
Community of Inquiry Graphic Educational Experience Social Presence Cognitive Presence Teaching Presence Structure/Process Supporting Discourse Setting Climate Selecting Content Blended Learning in Higher Education D. Randy Garrison and Norman D. Vaughan (2008)
Community of Inquiry Coding Template Communities of Inquiry Element Categories Indicators Social Presence Open communication Group cohesion Affective/personal Learning climate/risk-free expression Group identity collaboration Self projection expressing emotions Cognitive Presence Triggering event Exploration Integration Resolution Sense of puzzlement Information exchange Connecting ideas Applying new ideas Teaching Presence Design and organization Facilitation of discourse Direct instruction Setting curriculum & methods Shaping constructive exchange Focusing and resolving issues
Practical Inquiry Model Garrison & Archer (2000)
Internally: How to organize educational experiences that ground school learning in practice through participation in communities around subject matters?
Externally: How to connect the experience of students to actual practice through peripheral forms of participation in broader communities beyond the walls of the school?
Over the lifetime of students: How to serve the lifelong learning needs of students by organizing communities of practice focused on topics of continuing interest to students beyond the initial schooling period?