• Impressionism began in Paris in the 1860s. The artists attempted to capture a moment in time – some say it was a reaction to the invention of photography.• At first it was an unpopular movement – traditional artists said the Impressionist painters could not paint, since they painted without lines or details.• Gradually however, by the end of the 1880s Impressionism was accepted – nowadays we see Impressionist paintings everywhere.
• Short, thick strokes ofHow did they paint are used to quickly capture the subject, paint? rather than its details. • Colours are mixed as little as possible, creating a vibrant surface. • In pure Impressionism the use of black paint is avoided. • Wet paint is placed next to wet paint without waiting for successive applications to dry, producing softer edges and an intermingling of colour. • The play of natural light is emphasized – painters often painted outdoors, to capture the light and the shadows.
Who were they? The most famous were: Camille Pissarro
Pointillism developed from Impressionism• Instead of using short brush strokes, the artists use dots of pure colour. This gave the painting a shimmering effect, as if it were a sunny day.• Famous pointillist artists were Georges Seurat, Paul Signac and Henri Edmond Cross