The catcherintherye


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The catcherintherye

  1. 1. The Catcher in the Rye By J.D. Salinger
  2. 2. JEROME DAVID SALINGER The Catcher in the Rye
  3. 3. J.D. Salinger • Born 1919 in New York City to parents Sol and Miriam; father was Jewish, mother, Catholic.
  4. 4. J.D. Salinger • Flunked out of a progressive school • Enrolled in Valley Forge Military Academy • Distinguished himself as writer in second semester of night class at Colombia University.
  5. 5. J.D. Salinger • Constantly expressed the desire to be a well-known author • Started a life-long pattern of continuous writing • 1941: “Slight Rebellion Off Madison”, in The New Yorker • “Slight Rebellion” is a precursor to The Catcher in the Rye
  6. 6. J.D. Salinger • Served in WWII: was one of first soldiers to enter a liberated concentration camp • Was treated for shell shock after the war
  7. 7. J.D. Salinger • Published additional works: –The Catcher in the Rye (1951) –Nine Stories –Franny and Zooey –Raise High the Roof Beam, Carpenters and Seymour: An Introduction • Met and began correspondence with Ernest Hemingway while overseas; E.H. called Salinger “a helluva talent”
  8. 8. J.D. Salinger • Catcher was a best seller • Salinger did not like the fame, started refusing interviews • “Uncle Wiggily in Connecticut”, a short story, was adapted to film: My Foolish Heart; Salinger hated it • Salinger became increasingly reclusive
  9. 9. Salinger the Recluse • Moved to Cornish, NH • Interviewed by high school students; interview turned into feature piece • Salinger built a 6.5-foot fence around his property • Refused to answer fan mail • Avoided the press
  10. 10. Controversy • Two unflattering memoirs about him: his daughter and his former lover • Fought publication of his letters in court • Fought a “sequel” to Catcher • Refused any film adaptations • Died at age 91 in January 2010.
  11. 11. THE CATCHER IN THE RYE The Catcher in the Rye
  12. 12. The Catcher in the Rye • Published in 1951 • Has sold over 65 million copies—more than the dictionary.
  13. 13. The Catcher in the Rye Historically banned for vulgar language and sexual content
  14. 14. The Catcher in the Rye • Mark David Chapman had the book in his pocket when he was arrested for shooting John Lennon.
  15. 15. Praise • Time magazine named it one of the best novels of the 20th century. • For many Catcher is not only a coming of age story; reading it is a coming of age “rite of passage”
  16. 16. What is it about? • Tells the story of a teenager, Holden Caulfield, who is expelled from his private school in the late 1940’s. • He takes us on his 48 hour journey across NYC.
  17. 17. • The book deals with sex, alcohol, school, teachers, hypocrisy, family, superficial society, and being a teenager. • The plot is narrated “stream of consciousness” style.
  18. 18. Holden Caulfield
  19. 19. Holden Caulfield • Holden is the main character and narrator. • He is 16 years old. • He has a kid sister named Phoebe. • He thinks most people are “phonies”.
  20. 20. • He listens to jazz music, which was popular amongst teens in the 1950s. • Listening to jazz and rock was considered rebellious.
  21. 21. The 1950’s • The 1950’s was an era of change, something Holden Caulfield is not ready to accept.
  22. 22. Briefly…Post-War America • Symbols and signs of optimism and wealth: *the car- gaudy colors & chrome * the supermarket *home appliances * the suburbs
  23. 23. The Problem? • While the mainstream was embracing the consumerism and suburban family, how do you think those that didn’t embrace it felt?
  24. 24. Themes • Youthful innocence and loss • Alienation and isolation of the individual in modern society • Failure to live up to parental and society’s expectations • Longing for truth • Adolescent misfits
  25. 25. Style • The novel is written in informal English and is full of slang and profanities. • When the novel was first published, people were horrified by the language. • Some critics went through and counted how many times profane words were used.
  26. 26. Realism and Romanticism • Realism is a literary technique popular in American literature. • Characteristics: • Character is more important than action and plot • Class is important
  27. 27. Realism • Events in the novel are believable • Tone is may be comic, sarcastic, or matter-of-fact • Language is “natural”
  28. 28. Realism • The novel offers Realism in the following ways: –Its use of language –Its use of social criticism where it is due –Its presentation of real problems which adolescents face in the process of achieving maturity.
  29. 29. Romanticism The book also offers romanticism in its view of the innocence of childhood, its quest for truth, idealizing the past, and its emphasis on individual discovery and growth.