The Victorian Age

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  • Classe VA Liceo Linguistico a.S 2009-2010
  • The Victorian Age

    1. 1. The Victorian Age (1837-1901) The Age of Empire
    2. 2. Economy and Society <ul><li>The long reign of Queen Victoria was a period of.. </li></ul><ul><li>rapid expansion (both economically and territorially) </li></ul><ul><li>great technological innovations (railway development, telephone) </li></ul>
    3. 3. Reforms <ul><li>The First reform Bill (1832) extended the power to vote to the middle class </li></ul><ul><li>The People’s charter (1839) was developed by the working-class chartist movement and rejected three times. </li></ul><ul><li>All the chartist demands became law much later between 1860 and 1914. Women had to wait untill 1928 before they were able to vote </li></ul><ul><li>Education Act (1870) provided for mass education </li></ul><ul><li>Trade Union Act (1871) legalised workers’ union </li></ul>
    4. 4. The Transformation of Labour <ul><li>From an agriculturally-based economy to an industrial economy through mechanization </li></ul><ul><li>Productivity increased </li></ul><ul><li>Starvation among agricultural workers (The Corn Laws) </li></ul><ul><li>The Irish famine (massive emigration) </li></ul><ul><li>Children and women were exploited (The Poor Laws) </li></ul><ul><li>Appalling living conditions of the urban poor (overcrowded slums) </li></ul>
    5. 5. The British Empire <ul><li>The Victorian period saw the massive expansion of the British Empire </li></ul><ul><li>In 1877 Queen Victoria became Empress of India (The East India Company had been taken over by the British government after the Indian Mutiny in 1857) </li></ul><ul><li>Britain annexed South Africa, Egypt, Burma, Malaysia, Afghanistan and Oceania </li></ul>
    6. 6. Victorian values <ul><li>duty </li></ul><ul><li>hard work </li></ul><ul><li>respectability </li></ul><ul><li>charity </li></ul><ul><li>family </li></ul><ul><li> a mixture of both morality and hypocrisy, severity and conformity to social standards. </li></ul>
    7. 7. The Victorian compromise <ul><li>Abolition of slavery vs segregation and ideas about racial superiority (colonian expansion = a mission, ’Jingoism’) </li></ul><ul><li>Education Act vs. workhouses </li></ul><ul><li>Evangelicalism (humanitarian causes) vs. Utilitarism </li></ul><ul><li>Empiricism (Dickens) - progress from mental energy- the importance of reforms </li></ul><ul><li>Darwinism and scientific descoveries: moral and religious certainties were shaken </li></ul>
    8. 8. America <ul><li>The Gold Rush , California, 1848 </li></ul><ul><li>1861-1865 The Civil War between North and South ended with the abolition of slavery </li></ul><ul><li>Great technological development followed </li></ul><ul><li>The Pacific Railroad, from the Atlantic to the Pacific ocean, was completed </li></ul>
    9. 9. The American Renaissance <ul><li>The beginning of a truly American literature with its own themes and style </li></ul><ul><li>THE SCARLET LETTER </li></ul><ul><li>MOBY DICK </li></ul><ul><li>LEAVES OF GRASS </li></ul><ul><li> Contact with nature to reach truth </li></ul>

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