HEART OF DARKNESS

3,714
-1

Published on

Conrad's masterpiece

Published in: Education
0 Comments
4 Likes
Statistics
Notes
  • Be the first to comment

No Downloads
Views
Total Views
3,714
On Slideshare
0
From Embeds
0
Number of Embeds
0
Actions
Shares
0
Downloads
143
Comments
0
Likes
4
Embeds 0
No embeds

No notes for slide
  • Classe VA Liceo Linguistico “Raffello” Urbino
  • Heart of Darkness (1902)
  • HEART OF DARKNESS

    1. 1. HEART OF DARKNESS (1902) Joseph Conrad (1857-1924)
    2. 2. Conrad’s life <ul><li>born in Poland occupied by Russia, Prussia and Austria </li></ul><ul><li>Forced exile to Russia </li></ul><ul><li>Parents died early and he was brought up by an uncle </li></ul><ul><li>In 1874 he went to sea on French merchant ships </li></ul><ul><li>In 1878 he joined an English ship to the Far East and Australia </li></ul><ul><li>In 1890 he was sent to Africa (Congo Diary) </li></ul><ul><li>mental breakdown </li></ul><ul><li>he devoted himself to writing </li></ul>
    3. 3. The writer’s task <ul><li>To record the complex pattern of life in order to explore the meaning of the human situation </li></ul><ul><li>no didactic aim </li></ul><ul><li>no search for amusement </li></ul>
    4. 4. SETTING <ul><li>The ship </li></ul><ul><li>The river </li></ul><ul><li>Congo (exotic setting ) </li></ul><ul><li>The jungle </li></ul>
    5. 5. Conrad’s STYLE <ul><li>Themes: extreme situations, violence </li></ul><ul><li>Characters: solitary heroes viewed externally through their actions </li></ul><ul><li>His style is not straightforward </li></ul><ul><li>He uses time shifts </li></ul><ul><li>He found chronological sequence inadequate </li></ul>
    6. 6. Narrative techniques <ul><li>Conrad used various narrative techniques: </li></ul><ul><li>FIRST-PERSON narration </li></ul><ul><li>an INVISIBLE narrator </li></ul><ul><li>Journals </li></ul><ul><li>Letters </li></ul><ul><li>Marlow (the same narrator in many novels and short stories) </li></ul><ul><li>More than one narrator </li></ul>
    7. 7. LANGUAGE <ul><li>Conrad made use of an amazing variety of adjectives and complex structures </li></ul><ul><li>His dialogues are characterized by idiomatic expressions, questions and exclamations, dashes and interjections </li></ul>
    8. 8. Individual Responsibility & self-control <ul><li>IDEALS of conduct </li></ul><ul><li>Honesty </li></ul><ul><li>Courage </li></ul><ul><li>Pity </li></ul><ul><li>fidelity </li></ul><ul><li>Sense of EVIL </li></ul><ul><li>Wildness </li></ul><ul><li>Hostile background </li></ul><ul><li>Contrast between professional duties v/s personal feelings </li></ul>
    9. 9. Imperialism <ul><li>Imperialism is a system of political and economic dominance whose main aim was the search for profit </li></ul><ul><li>Conrad describes the brutal exercise of law on the natives </li></ul>
    10. 10. The historical context to the novel <ul><li>I </li></ul><ul><li>The Belgian colonial imperialism </li></ul><ul><li>by king Leopold II who pursued his Congo interests in the name of philanthropy, anti-slavery and development of civilization in Africa </li></ul><ul><li>Ivory and rubber production (MAIN INTEREST) </li></ul><ul><li>physical mutilation and abuse (METHOD) </li></ul>
    11. 11. STRUCTURE of the novel <ul><li>a series of stories narrated by Marlow (an observer –narrator) on board </li></ul><ul><li>minor characters also tell their own stories and views of Kurtz </li></ul><ul><li>Continuous shifts backwards and forwards </li></ul><ul><li>Suspense </li></ul><ul><li>Psychological realism </li></ul>
    12. 12. SYMBOLISM <ul><li>The novel is rich in: </li></ul><ul><li>Imagery </li></ul><ul><li>Parallels (Thames & Congo, Marlow & Kurtz) </li></ul><ul><li>Symbols (traditional meanings are subverted) </li></ul><ul><li>Oppositions (light and dark, white and black) </li></ul>
    13. 13. INTERPRETATION <ul><li>a quest for the self </li></ul><ul><li>a mythical journey </li></ul><ul><li>KURTZ once taken beyond the limits of his heart, suffered madness & died </li></ul><ul><li>MARLOW did not transgress his limits, he resisted in spite of the heart of darkness fascination and came back without fully understanding his experience </li></ul>
    14. 14. death and despair <ul><li>The great adventure of Marlow’s life is a business of death. Congo is splendid but marked by death and despair (the heart of darkness) </li></ul><ul><li>Jungle drives white men crazy </li></ul><ul><li>There is only death- the death of goodness and civility </li></ul><ul><li>Kurtz through brutal action has felt the excitement that life can give you </li></ul><ul><li>Marlow feels he has lived incompletely </li></ul>
    15. 15. PLOT main points <ul><li>CONTEXT: Ivory trade in Congo </li></ul><ul><li>TIME: end of the 19th century </li></ul><ul><li>SETTING: the cruelty of colonial exploitation </li></ul><ul><li>CHARACTERS: the narrator Marlow and Kurtz a company agent who had become a sort of idol for the natives </li></ul><ul><li>STORY of the expedition Marlowe arranged to bring Kurtz back to civilization </li></ul>

    ×