Women of Liberia


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Women of Liberia

  1. 1. And me<br />Women of Liberia<br />
  2. 2. I am a associate prepared nurse working towards my bachelors degree.<br />I work full time as an RN at the St. Cloud Hospital.<br />I will complete my course work in May 2011.<br />I have been married for 21 years.<br />We have three children, one daughter in-law and one grandchild.<br />Some things I like to do are ride motorcycle, boat, garden, cook, hike, and spend time with my family.<br />Carla<br />
  3. 3. Is a small country in Africa about the size of Ohio.<br />The population of Liberia is about 3.49 million.<br />There are 16 ethnic groups that make up Liberia’s indigenous population.<br />Americo-Liberians are descendants of freed American slaves and they make up less then 5% of the population. <br />From 1989-2003 one of Africa’s bloodiest civil wars was fought with more than 200,000 lives lost. <br />One million other Liberians were forced into neighboring countries as refugees. <br />Liberia<br />
  4. 4. Life expectancy for females is 62.64 years<br />Fertility rate is 6.02 children born per women.<br /> Infant mortality rate 100.63 deaths per 1,000 live births.<br />Literacy rate for females is 22% compared to males which is 54%.<br />Women comprise the majority of Liberia's work force.<br />90% of Liberian working women work in agriculture, street vending/petty trading or as “market women”. <br />Liberian Women<br />
  5. 5. There are no laws against;<br />Gender discrimination<br />Women married under traditional law are considered their husbands property. <br />If their husbands die they do not inherit any of the property or do they retain custody of their children. <br />Ethnic discrimination<br />Only persons who are “Negro or of Negro descent” may be citizens or own land. <br />Female genital mutilation<br />In Liberia it is restricted to Types 1 and 2<br />Type one involves excision of the clitoral hood maintaining the clitoris and labia minora. <br />Type two involves removal of the prepuce and glans clitoris together with adjacent parts of the labia minora. <br />Liberia Laws<br />
  6. 6. Domestic abuse is illegal but it continues to be a wide spread problem.<br />The government does not enforce this law successfully.<br />The maximum penalty for domestic abuse is six months.<br />If domestic abuse is reported it typically is viewed as simple or aggravated assault.<br />Domestic Abuse<br />
  7. 7. Rape continues to be a significant women's’ safety concern in Liberia.<br />The government is inefficient at enforcing this law as well.<br />The law does not criminalize spousal rape.<br />Of the recent 240 rape cases that were reported (six months) 129 of them were prosecuted.<br />Sentences for rapists vary from seven years to life imprisonment.<br />Rape<br />
  8. 8. There are no laws prohibiting sexual harassment which is identified as a major problem in both schools and work.<br />Prostitution is considered illegal but it continues to be a wide spread problem.<br />There is limited access to health care and/or family planning information especially in the rural areas of Liberia.<br />Traditional Liberian laws allow the husband to have more then one wife. <br />Additional Liberian women's concerns<br />
  9. 9. Although education is “free” many schools mandate informal fees are paid therefore limited children are able to attend.<br />Child abuse and sexual assault against children continues to be a concern. <br />A recent report states 66% of girls between the ages of 10 and 19 had been raped.<br />Young girls and women engage in prostitution for money, food, and school fees.<br />Because of the 14 year civil war many children live on the street either because they were separated from their parents or their parents are dead.<br />Other challenges<br />
  10. 10. In 2005 Ellen Johnson Sirleaf became Africa's first democratically elected female president.<br />The government of Liberia has been relatively stable since 2005.<br />President Sirleaf has been making progress with the support of various donor organizations to redevelop Liberia. <br />In 2005 A Truth and Reconciliation Commission was established to investigate and report on human rights violations that occurred in Liberia from 1979-2003.<br />Liberia<br />
  11. 11. Background note: Liberia. (2010, August 17). Retrieved from U.S. Department of State website: http://www.state.gov/r/pa/ei/bfn/6618.htm<br />Executive report on strategies in Liberia. (2000). Cultural and Demographic Risks in Liberia. Retrieved from: www.icongroupedition.com<br />Morris, R. (1996). The Culture of female circumcision. Advances in Nursing <br /> Science, 19(2), Retrieved from http://ovidsp.tx.ovid.com.ezproxy<br />Stanger, E., & Kinder, M. (2008). Fulfilling president sirleaf's mandate:<br />ensuring women their proper place in liberia's economic development. Women's Policy Journal , 5.<br /><ul><li>2009 Human rights report: Liberia. (2010, March 11). Retrieved from U.S. Department of State website: http://state.gov/g/drl/rls/hrrpt/2009/af/135961.htm</li></ul>References<br />