Wan Ii Final Project


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Wan Ii Final Project

  1. 1. WAN II Final Project (RFP from ACME Widgets Inc.) Services Provided by: “We won’t stop, ‘til you’re connected!” Daniel Gonzalez, Carl Dopart, Amanda Shannon
  2. 2. RFP (Request for Proposal) ACME Widget Inc. We are a growing company with three primary locations. We need to interconnect these three locations in order to facilitate interoffice communications and eliminate the PSTN network and use the internal IP network for all calls. Our three applications are file sharing, voice and email. The network must be designed in order to carry all traffic with QOS implemented in order to allow voice. We would also need to have a back up scenario in the event of an outage on the primary network. We need security and segmentation between departments. Locations include: Primary: Boston, MA – 25 Employees in three different departments; Sales, Engineering and HR Secondary Backup Site: Miami, Fl – 50 employees in two departments; Sales, and Engineering Third: San Francisco, CA – 50 employees in two departments; Sales, and Engineering Project Requirements: 1. An overview of the design. 2. Outline of the Solution; including but not limited to speed, router specifications, switch specifications, LAN and WAN, and the reasoning of the proposal. 3. Visio Network Design Layout of proposed network. 4. IP Addressing scheme; include VLSM addressing for all nodes.
  3. 3. RFP (Request for Clarification) To: From: ACME Widget Inc. Daniel Gonzalez Carl Dopart Amanda Shannon We are interested in submitting a proposal in response to your RFP. ACME Widget Inc. Networking Solution In order for us to submit an accurate and timely response we are requesting further information. Specifically we would appreciate your response to the following questions regarding your Request for Proposal. What is the projected budget? What is the Scope of time required to complete the project? How many square feet is the area we are networking in? How many offices? How many terminals in the offices, or what type of setup is there going to be? Do the offices require wireless capabilities? Are new VOIP phones required? What OS will be used? (XP, Vista, Win 7) Can server services be virtualized? (Utilizing VMware) Any preference to ISP provider? (Comcast, Verizon) Will continued support services be required after project is completed? (Service fees)
  4. 4. INTRODUCTION Presented by: Daniel Gonzalez, Carl Dopart, Amanda Shannon Contracted by: Infinite Network solutions This RFP is to be present to ACME Widgets Inc., with the necessary recommendations and steps to complete a 1 month project. Allowing for order of Network devices, reconfiguration of devices, internal setup of network in each location; with a rollover to production level at each of the designated location (per 9 days, starting with the Secondary Miami Backup location, then the Boston location, with the last San Francisco location), as to avoid a total shutdown at each location. In following with the national standards, proper equipment, and an efficient schedule upon which oversight will be done. As well as constant documentation as each task is done, any changes and once tasks are completed, with the proper testing. Any interruption in schedule will be notified, and necessary update to the lead time for completion will be done. Payment will be done on a per job basis, and full payment upon inspection and completion approved.
  5. 5. Technical National Standards Applied EIA/TIA-56 Commercial Building Telecommunications Wiring Standard 8B TSB-36 Technical Systems Bulletin: Additional Cable Specifications for Unshielded Twisted-Pair Cables. TSB-40 Technical Systems Bulletin: Additional Transmission Specifications for Unshielded Twisted-Pair Connecting Hardware. EIA/TIA-56 Commercial Building Standard for Telecommunications Pathways 9 and Spaces. EIA-570 Residential and Light Commercial Telecommunications Wiring Standard. EIA-606 The Administration Standard for the Telecommunications Infrastructure of Commercial Buildings.
  6. 6. Subnetting and IP Addressing In order for all three locations to be able to communicate and still be secure we need to implement IP addresses and subnets. The IP addresses will provide connectivity and communication and the subnets will provide security. This way we can make sure that the separate divisions cannot access any other division’s information. An example being the marketing division is not allowed access to see the sales division files and documents. The following is a chart breaking down the IP addresses and subnets: Subnet ID Host Addresses Subnet Broadcast – – – – The subnet ID is the individual IP address for each site. The host addresses are the range of addresses available for client computers to access the network. The subnet broadcasts are reserved for the connection out of the WAN to the ISP. The address is going to be the address for Boston, MA. Next will be the backup in Miami, FL with The last network,, will be for San Francisco, CA. As you can see in the chart we have extra hosts in each range and an extra network. We have included this information to provide for company growth at each location and in the event that a fourth location is necessary. Each host range accounts for 62 clients.
  7. 7. For this network structure the subnet mask will be (/26). In total there will only be two subnet bits and six host bits being used. This can be represented by: 110nnnnn.nnnnnnnn.nnnnnnnn.sshhhhhh. The 110 and the ns represent all the network bits. Because this is a Class C subnet we are working within the last octet of bits. We can see that the first two are subnet bits and the remaining six are host bits. All of this information is derived from VLSM. VLSM stands for variable length subnet mask. Basically VLSM is a tool used to customize your network needs in regards to IP addressing and subnetting. Therefore, you can subnet a subnet. VLSM along with OSPF, Dual IS-IS, BGP, and EIGRP are routing protocols supported by Cisco. VLSM requires a classless routing protocol.
  8. 8. Network Design Layouts/ IP Subnet Addressing Scheme
  9. 9. WAN Site Locations Boston, MA Primary site WAN/Internet WAN/Internet WAN/Internet San Francisco, CA Miami, FL Third Site Secondary Backup site
  10. 10. Primary Location/IP Addressing Network Scheme Boston Location Internet Router Series 2800 /26 Firewall VM Server WAN To other Brach offices High speed L3 6500 switch 3400 Series Switch 3400 Series Switch 3400 Series Switch – – – ` ` ` ` ` ` ` ` ` ` ` ` ` ` ` ` ` ` ` ` ` ` ` ` ` HR Department Sales Department Engineering Department
  11. 11. Secondary Backup Location/IP Addressing Network Scheme Miami, FL Location Internet Router Series 2800 /26 VM Server Firewall WAN To other Brach offices Backup VM Server High Speed L3 6500 Series Switch 3400 Series Switch 3400 Series Switch - – ` ` ` ` ` ` ` ` ` ` ` ` ` ` ` ` ` ` ` ` ` ` ` ` ` ` ` ` ` ` ` ` ` ` ` ` ` ` ` ` ` ` ` ` ` ` ` ` ` ` Sales department Engineering department
  12. 12. Third Location/IP Addressing Network Scheme San Francisco Internet Location Router Series 2800 /26 Firewall VM Server WAN To other Brach offices High Speed L3 6500 Series Switch 3400 Series Switch 3400 Series Switch – – ` ` ` ` ` ` ` ` ` ` ` ` ` ` ` ` ` ` ` ` ` ` ` ` ` ` ` ` ` ` ` ` ` ` ` ` ` ` ` ` ` ` ` ` ` ` ` ` ` ` Sales department Engineering department
  13. 13. Virtualization: Using VM Ware Virtualization is the process of partitioning (separating) servers so that they act as multiple servers. This allows for the expansion of IT resources without incurring the costs of physically expanding infrastructure. The main benefit of virtualization is that it can cut a business' IT costs. For example, a business with multiple servers could use server virtualization to eliminate x number of those physical servers, freeing up space and cutting down on the energy, maintenance and security costs related to their physical IT plant. This method will primarily be used with the Backup Server at the Miami location, will be highly considered for the all the main file server functions as well (DNS, DHCP, Exchange, print, DBA, etc). VM Ware is one of the leading vendors in the virtualization market, has been around for over ten years. (In January 2008, 63 percent of organizations with over 500 employees and 40 percent of medium-sized organizations (100 - 499 employees) were using server virtualization (up from 48 and 22 per cent, respectively, in early 2007). Adding to the fact that VM Ware is opensource (free), this will significantly reduce the overall cost without the need of additional physical hardware.
  14. 14. Network Devices Cisco 2800 Series Router The Cisco® 2800 Series of integrated services routers intelligently embed data, security, voice, and wireless services into a single, resilient system for fast, scalable delivery of mission-critical business applications. The unique integrated systems architecture of the Cisco 2800 Series delivers maximum business agility and investment protection. Three routers will be acquired; one per site, and will be preconfigured before rolled into production. The Cisco 2800 Series features the ability to deliver multiple high-quality simultaneous services at wire speed up to multiple T1/E1/xDSL connections. The routers offer embedded encryption acceleration and on the motherboard voice digital-signal- processor (DSP) slots; intrusion prevention system (IPS) and firewall functions; optional integrated call processing and voice mail support; high-density interfaces for a wide range of wired and wireless connectivity requirements; and sufficient performance and slot density for future network expansion requirements and advanced applications.
  15. 15. Cisco Catalyst 6500 Series Switch The new 3-slot Cisco Catalyst 6503-E Switch chassis offers a compact 4 rack-unit height that is ideally suited for multi-Gbps secure data centers, remote access, e-commerce, and converged network solutions. The Cisco Catalyst 6503-E provides maximum uptime with redundancy and rapid (1 to 3 seconds) stateful failover across supervisor engines. It provides support for modular Cisco IOS Software to minimize unplanned downtime through self-healing processes and simplifies software changes through subsystem in-service software upgrades. The Cisco Catalyst 6503-E Firewall Security System is a 3-slot model providing an easily deployed solution that integrates a Cisco Catalyst 6500 Series Supervisor Engine 720 (with integrated policy and multilayer switch feature cards [PFC3/MSFC3] for system control, routing services, and dual-Gigabit-Ethernet ports); a Cisco Catalyst 6500 Series Firewall Services Module providing 5 Gbps of firewall services; and a single open slot for site customization. This will substitute for the need of configuring VLAN as well as Firewall security.
  16. 16. Cisco ME 3400 Series Switch The Cisco ME 3400 Series is the first Cisco access switch family optimized for both Ethernet-to-the-Home (ETTH) triple-play services and Ethernet-to-the-Business (ETTB) VPN services. It provides a complete security solution for Metro Ethernet access that includes subscriber, switch, and network protection. The Cisco ME 3400 Series supports multiple software images to provide a "pay-as-you-grow" deployment model. With service breadth spanning triple-play and Layer 2 and Layer 3 VPN services, lower total cost of ownership (TCO) and operating expenses can be achieved from a single ETTH and ETTB access solution. Carrier Ethernet is a huge growth area for emerging connectivity services. It is a comparatively simple, cost-effective, and familiar technology whose migration to the WAN will lead to more flexible network connectivity while reducing overall IT costs. To establish better global standards that provide assurance that equipment from different vendors will interoperate, service providers asked the Metro Ethernet Forum (MEF) to initiate a set of standards and a certification program. The Cisco ME 3400 Series is certified to MEF 9 and 14 to support industry-standard Layer 2 services and QoS features.
  17. 17. Server Rack Example/Per Location S e r ve r Ra c k La y o u t 42 U 2U L 2 Sw i t c h e s N E Se r i e s 2U 3400 2U 5U H i g h Sp e e d L3 Sw i t c h Se r i e s 6 5 0 0 3U Fi r e w a l l ASA Se r i e s 5 5 0 0 4U Ro u t er Ser i es 2 8 0 0 8U S e r ve r 4U UP S P o we r S u p p ly
  18. 18. VoIP Capability/Devices/Software VoIP(Voice over Internet Protocol) is a protocol that allows telephone calls to be made over computer networks like the Internet (example: Skype). VoIP converts analog voice signals into digital data packets in real-time; allowing for two-way transmission of conversations using Internet Protocol (IP). VoIP calls can be made on the Internet using a VoIP service provider and standard computer audio systems. However, some service providers support VoIP through ordinary telephones that use special adapters to connect to a personal desktop computer network. VoIP offers a substantial cost savings over traditional long distance telephone calls. The main disadvantage of VoIP is, like cell phones, a greater potential for dropped calls and generally lesser voice quality. However, many ISP (Comcast) utilizing great bandwidth for business can improve quality, albeit at a high premium. The VoIP phone to be selected as a viable option is Cisco Unified IP Phone 7960G is designed to meet the communication needs of professional workers in enclosed office environments--employees who experience a high amount of phone traffic in the course of a business day. The internal Cisco two-port Ethernet switch allows for
  19. 19. a direct connection to a 10/100BASE-T Ethernet network via an RJ-45 interface with single LAN connectivity for both the phone and a co-located PC. A large pixel-based display provides supplemental information, access to applications, and makes it easy to use telephone features. It allows users to quickly access diverse information such as weather, stocks, quote of the day, or any Web-based information using extensible markup language (XML) to provide a portal to an ever- growing world of features and information. Another possible option for VoIP use, is the 3CX VoIP Phone for Windows. 3CX VOIP Phone (Software) is completely FREE, Which allows the client end-user to use a PC or laptop as a phone. Connect 3CX VoIP phone to a VOIP provider or to an IP PBX to make calls to any soft phone, mobile or landline number.
  20. 20. Infinite Network Solutions Project Summary  Infinite Network Solutions is called upon to design and implement a wide variety of network solutions, mainly consisting of multi-floor, multi-office Local and Wide Area Networks.  Preservation of our clients "Revenue Stream" is paramount and a resilient network is key, to ensuring minimal "Downtime" in the event of an active network component failure.  Infinite considers itself a "Pro-active" service provider preferring to fix the problem through initial design rather than react to network issues that could have been avoided at conception.  Where Infinite are called upon to consult on, or implement the installation, design or configuration we are able to draw upon broad spectrum of skills covering both corporate and commercial equipment vendors:- Cisco, Compaq, H.P, etc…  Infinite is an installation focused network integrator, offering both Cabling Infrastructure and Active Network Equipment installation.  Cabling services are offered, include the installation of Copper Category - 6. We also provide moves and changes to existing networks, testing and documentation.  We are able to offer installation and configuration of active network equipment as either part of a current installation project or as a single service to compliment our client’s internal IT resource.
  21. 21. Bibliography / Resources cited • Request for Proposal (RFP) Case example, provided by Mr. Donahue • “Cisco Systems: Switching Basics and Intermediate Routing”, By Wayne Lewis Ph.D; Copyright 2006 • http://www.About.com/Virtualization • http://www.About.com/VLSM • http://www.About.com/VOIP • Cisco, www.Cisco.com, Networking Product info • CDW, www.CDW.com, Supplying Networking Products • http://www.siemon.com/us/standards/1330_telecommunications_room.asp, Specifications about Telecommunications Closets