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Appellate court upholds $1,250,000 pain and sufferingPresentation Transcript
Appellate Court Upholds$1,250,000 Pain andSuffering Verdict inWrist Injury Case
By John Hochfelder on March 31, 2013 Posted inWrist InjuriesOn June 4, 2008 at about 11:30 p.m., DrucillaAlfonso was crossing the intersection at 39thStreet and Third Avenue in Manhattan, in thecrosswalk, when she was struck by a left turningcity bus. The force of the impact spun heraround, causing her to fall to the ground. 39th Street at Third Avenue in Manhattan
Alfonso, 52 years old, was taken by ambulanceto the local hospital where she was diagnosedwith a right (dominant) distal radius fracture (abroken wrist) that was casted initially butrequired open reduction internal fixationsurgery two weeks later. Bones of the Wrist and Hand
In her ensuing lawsuit, the bus driver was found fully at fault and a Manhattan jury awarded Ms. Alfonso pain and suffering damages in the sum of $1,250,000 ($450,000 past – three years, $800,000 future – 27 years). On appeal, the defendants challenged only the amount of the award, claiming it was excessive; however, the entire award has been affirmed in Alfonso v. Metropolitan Transit Authority (1st Dept. 2013). Here are the wrist injury details:• comminuted intra-articular fracture of the distal radial metaphysis with dorsal angulation of the distal fracture fragment• open reduction internal fixation (ORIF) of wrist fracture with 11 screws drilled into and through the bones and insertion of a metal plate to anchor the screws
• follow-up wrist treatment twice a week for three months• unable to return to work until 10 months after the accident• constant pain and diminished grip strength
Post-ORIF Surgery• Plaintiff also claimed other injuries caused by the accident:• right shoulder pain requiring there months of outpatient hospital treatment with permanent limitations of range of motion• aggravation of cervical herniated disc at C5-6 The defendants urged that plaintiff made only a half-hearted attempt to link the herniation and shoulder claims to the accident trauma and that her case should stand or fall on the wrist injury and nothing more. The defendants argued, unsuccessfully, that the pain and suffering award of $1,250,000 “exceeds by a factor of at least two an amount that qualifies as reasonable compensation.”
• As to the wrist, they noted that plaintiff underwent only one surgery and would not need another, she ceased all medical treatment well over a year before trial and she was able to return to her job that included typing less than a year after the accident.• As to the shoulder, any pain or mild limitations were simply a byproduct of the wrist injury.• As to the neck, plaintiff made no allegations in her bill of particulars dated October 13, 2008; she first alleged this injury in her supplemental bill of particulars in November 2009. Also, plaintiff made no mention of neck pain in her testimony and her attorney made no mention of this injury in either his opening or closing statement.• The parties agreed with the appellate court that the decisions in three prior cases are relevant and instructive in determining the propriety of the amount of the pain and suffering award in this case.
All three involve distal radius fractures requiring one or more surgeries.• Diouf v. New York City Transit Authority (1st Dept. 2010) – $1,000,000 for 55 year old man with bilateral fractures (discussed by us previously, here)• Hayes v. Normandie LLC (1st Dept. 2003) – $985,000 for 57 year old man• Cabezas v. City of New York (1st Dept. 2003) – $900,000 for 50 year old man POSTED BY ATTORNEY RENE G. GARCIA: For more information:- Some of our clients have suffered this kind of injuries due to a serious accident. The Garcia Law Firm, P.C. was able to successfully handle these types of cases. For a free consultation please call us at 1-866- SCAFFOLD or 212-725-1313. http://www.newyorkinjurycasesblog.com/