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  1. 1. workspace ERGONOMICS
  2. 2. Workspace Concerns• Wrong Height for Table and Chairs• Banging Knees on Keyboard Tray• Cramped Space• No Back Support• No Elbow Support• Improper Sized Chair(Occupational and Environmental Health Center)
  3. 3. WorkspaceWork practices • Beyond the workspace you need to observe good work practices to elevate stresses on the body while work. • Don’t cross your legs under your chair. • Sitting on the edge of your chair means no back support. • Tensing muscles. • Bad posture. • You need to move through out the day. • Have good type techniques.Source: (Occupational and Environmental Health Center)
  4. 4. WorkspaceWrong Height for Table and Chairs Table surfaces and chairs need to be at the right height for the user to place his/her feet flat on the ground. Keep the elbow angle greater than 90 degree. Easily maintain straight wrists. (Occupational and Environmental Health Center)
  5. 5. Workspace Banging Knees on The Keyboard Tray• Some keyboard trays have attachments or adjustments that extend below the level of the tray, so that you bang your when you move in or out. Only way to avoid this situation is avoid purchasing trays with such Source: attachments. 000736_300.jpeg(Occupational and Environmental Health
  6. 6. Workspace Cramped Space • Monitor lifts give additional desk space under the monitor and can thus allow non-twisted posture. • Reduce clutter under desks. • Put the computer vertically on the floor or in mounted under the desk to free up desk space.Source: • Move printers out of theg immediate area, this has 2 benefits: more space and opportunity move throughout the day. • Experiment with different set- ups using phone books and other home-made solutions can reduce crowding. Source:
  7. 7. Workspace • There is no acceptable No Back Support substitute for a good chair that is properly adjusted. • Experiment with the back of the chair set to different heights. You may find yourself leaning away from the back support due to other workstation deficiencies, for example: 1. the chair is so high that your feet are dangling off the floor, 2. the monitor is too far away or small, 3. glare makes the screen difficult to see- the tilt or height of the lumbar support is not set correctly.Source: (Occupational and
  8. 8. Workspace No Elbow Support • Armrests are useful in giving support to the shoulders, but they can discourage you from moving your whole forearm while typing, causing you to twist your wrists more. • A hard armrest can also put pressure on the elbow and compress the ulnar nerve.Source: • Long armrests can prevent youcontent/uploads/2011/12/Armrest-Height-Adjustment.jpg from pulling in close to the keyboard, which can result in long reaches. • Non-adjustable armrests can result in your shoulders drooping too low or being pushed up. Or they may place your arms out too much to the side, thus increasing twisting of the wrist. • Newer, padded elbow rests that Source: are adjustable both horizontally content/uploads/2011/12/Armrest-Angle-Adjustment.jpg and vertically give the best
  9. 9. Workspace Improperly Sized Chair It should allow the feet to be flat on the floor, provide good lowerback support, be adjustable so that positions can be changed over the course of the dayIt should not push against the back of the knee (proper pan depth and curved front), be adequately padded, and have adjustable elbow supports. Most furniture is designed to accommodate about 95% of the population. This means that 5 people in 100 are too large or toosmall for typical furniture. This is particularly true of chairs and table heights. Some chair manufacturers make "papa bear" and "babybear" chairs that that are designed to fit larger and smaller workers. (Occupational and Environmental Health
  10. 10. ReferencesOccupational and Environmental Health Center. (n.d.). RetrievedJune 20, 2012, from University of Connecticut Health Center: