Grammar mini lesson narratedPresentation Transcript
Presented by:CARINNE KARLICK ESL 502
There are words that have the same meaning or similar meanings to other words. Let’s match some similar words together. Which word from list A has the same or similar meaning as a word from list B?LIST A LIST BCold LittleWarm QuickBig CoolSmall HotFast PrettyBeautiful Large
There is a special name for words that have the same or similar meaning as other words. These words are called SYNONYMS. We just matched some synonyms: Cold-Cool Pretty-Beautiful A trick to remember Synonyms is that Same and Synonym both start with the letter “S”.
There are words that have the opposite meaning of other words. Let’s match some opposite words together. Which word from list A has the opposite meaning as a word from list B?LIST A LIST BCold LittleUp DownBig ThinFat ShortBlack HotTall White
There is a special name for words that have the opposite meaning as other words. These words are called ANTONYMS. We just matched some antonyms: Hot-Cold Tall-Short Left-right Up-down
Read the following sentences and tell which two words are synonyms:1. Please stop talking while I am speaking.2. The puppy had filthy paws and dirty fur.3. I will throw the ball and you will toss it back.4. If you listen closely, you will hear the birds.5. The stars were shiny and the planets were bright.6. The tiny dollhouse had a lot of little furniture.7. I was sad to see my friend so unhappy.8. The noisy truck had a very loud engine.
Read the following sentences and tell which two words are antonyms:1. I put the wet towel on the clothesline to dry.2. You will start the project when you finish the test.3. He will throw the ball and you will catch it.4. The kids will not eat what the adults cooked.5. The huge yard was full of little flowers.6. The cat had black fur and white paws.7. The silky fabric had a rough trim.8. Turn left and drive right up to the house.
Read each sentence. Replace the underlined word with a synonym for that word. 1. Many people enjoy the holidays. Like, love 2. Some passengers sleep on the bus. Nap, snooze, doze, rest 3. This is a wonderful story you have written. great, excellent 4. I really admire my music teacher. Like, respect 5. She really talks a lot when she is excited. Speaks, chats 6. The teacher was glad he got a high score. Happy, pleased 7. The boy was terrified of the dark. Scared, frightened 8. My sister keeps her bedroom very neat. Clean, tidy
Read each sentence. Replace the underlined word with an antonym for that word. 1. The store will open at nine o’clock. close 2. I saw the biggest pumpkin at the farm. smallest 3. That car was driving really fast. slow 4. I saw the worst movie ever this weekend. best 5. The meeting was too short. long 6. The cold weather will return next week. hot 7. The wall is cracked over the window. under 8. The milk carton in the refrigerator is full. empty
My students often ask, “Why do I need to learn this?” Learning about synonyms and antonyms will make you a more interesting and better speaker, story teller and writer. When you get to high school or go to college, you will need to be descriptive in your writing. When you are out with friends, you will want to be able to tell interesting or exciting stories. Think about this…Read the following two paragraphsand decide which one is more exciting?
Paragraph One: I watched a great movie the other day. The special effects were great. The actors did a great job. I couldn’t believe how great the sound was in the theater. I heard they are making a sequel. I bet it will be great!Paragraph Two: I watched a terrific movie the other day. The special effects were awesome. The actors did an outstanding job. I couldn’t believe how wonderful the sound was in the theater. I heard they are making a sequel. I bet it will be incredible!I think we can all agree that ParagraphTwo is definitely more exciting to read!
Words that have the same or similar meaning as other words are called SYNONYMS. A trick to remember synonyms is that the words same and synonym both start with “S”. Some examples of synonyms are: Hot-warm Cool-cold Big-huge Sleep-snooze Great-wonderful
Words that have the opposite meaning as other words are called ANTONYMS. Some examples of antonyms are: Warm-cool Black-white Up-down Left-right Fast-slow Short-long
The more you know about synonyms andantonyms, the better and more interesting speaker and writer you will become! Great Job Everyone!