Social Model of Care for
Claire M. Henry, M.Ed.CDP
Social Model of Care
The social model of care focuses on an individual as a
whole. “Ability” is stressed rather than disability. Medical
care is provided as needed but is not the focus of the
care setting. A home-like environment is used to
promote individualism, privacy and choice.
Social Model Domains
1. Empowering functional abilities.
2. Community involvement.
3. Staff empowerment
4. The home environment.
5. Dining Experience.
Maslow’s Hierarchy of Needs
Biological, oxygen, water, food, rest, sleep, elimination
of waste, sex
Safety and Security, safe, circumstances, stability,
protection, structure, order
Belonging, friendship, love, sense of community
Self-esteem, status, recognition, dignity
Self-actualization, continuous desire to fulfill potential,
be all you can be.
Patient Centered care considers patients’ cultural
traditions, their personal preferences and values, their
family situations and lifestyles.
Patient-Centered Care makes the patient and their loved
ones an integral part of the care team.
Patient-Centered care puts responsibility for important
aspects of self-care and monitoring in the patients hands
Patient-Centered ensures that transitions between
providers, departments, and health care setting are
respectful, coordinated and efficient.
Person Centered Care-requires a
new point of view
From person with DEMENTIA to PERSON with
From the patient/resident to the PERSON.
From illness to wellness.
From inability to strengths
From doing “to” or “for” to doing with.
Alzheimer’s Care-What works?
Accepting the resident “where they are”.
Calm and structured environment
Home-like surroundings with normalized activities
Regular and consistent routines
Positive communication approaches.
Respect individuality and offer safe choices.
Creative behavioral management.
Partnering with families.
Four principles of Alzheimer’s
Resident Centered: Promotes individuality, dignity,
safety and security to enhance a sense of belonging and
peace of mind for each resident and their families.
Behavioral Strategies & Problem Solving: Moves
away from the traditional task-centered model by
responding to each resident’s unique needs and
understanding how the environment shapes their
experiences. Assesses behaviors and creatively problemsolves options for more effective management.
Four Principles of Alzheimer Care
Activity Based: Recognizes that each resident
interaction with the environment offers staff an
opportunity to enable a sense of usefulness, pleasure,
success and a feeling of being normal.
Staff capability and flexibility: Ensures that the right
people are selected and appropriately trained to work in
the program. Staffing patterns must be consistent to
meet program standards. Cross-functional teamwork is
essiential for open and regular communications among
Philosophy of Care
Your role as a provider of care is to reduce each
resident’s fear and confusion by providing predictable
routines and structures in an atmosphere of affection,
and to provide a program of activities and interactions
that will compensate for your resident’s brain
The value of teamwork
Coming together is a beginning.
Keeping together is progress.
Working together is success.