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Teaching in/for the 21st century: A case of Development Studies


Presentation to the Development Studies conference in Port Elizabeth on 21-22 October 2010 on 'Teaching Development Studies in the 21st century'

Presentation to the Development Studies conference in Port Elizabeth on 21-22 October 2010 on 'Teaching Development Studies in the 21st century'

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  • 1. 2010/10/28 Is learning simply about gaining knowledge? Is teaching about transferring http://katmaund.blogspot.com/ knowledge? Source: Banksy “It's not what Imagination you know that is more counts important anymore. It's than what you can knowledge Source: Wheeler 2010 learn.” ~ Albert Source: Wheeler 2010 ~ Don Tapscott Einstein www.students.ou.edu http://www.nationalpost.com "In the times of “The illiterate of the 21st rapid change, century will not be those learners inherit the Earth, while the who cannot read and learned find write, but those who themselves Source: Wheeler 2010 cannot learn, unlearn, beautifully equipped to deal with a world and relearn.” that no longer ~ Alvin Toffler exists." washingtonrebel.typepad.com ~ Eric Hoffer PDF Created with deskPDF PDF Writer - Trial :: http://www.docudesk.com 1
  • 2. 2010/10/28 Where are we now? “For the first time we are preparing students for a future we cannot clearly describe.” ~ David Warlick Source: ?? Source of photo: Downes 2009 Where do we want to be? Students doing what the requirements are for their chosen field of practice How do we get there? Source: Tolisano 2009 ”I never teach my pupils, I only attempt to provide the conditions in which they can learn” ~ Albert Einstein Teaching is more like Adapted from Tolisano being a conductor… 2009 PDF Created with deskPDF PDF Writer - Trial :: http://www.docudesk.com 2
  • 3. 2010/10/28 Personalised engaged learning? This means… Learning engaged Source: Wheeler 2010 learning I’ll starve if all we do is read about the nuts! http://www.delasallewaterford.com Personalised engaged learning? Engaging today’s learners Source: Wheeler 2010 means tapping into what is important to them http://www.hseb.utah.edu Source: Wheeler 2010 anytime Which is? personalised anyplace http://ithalas.com PDF Created with deskPDF PDF Writer - Trial :: http://www.docudesk.com 3
  • 4. 2010/10/28 http://flickr.com/photos/mcmorr/1294684803/ Source: Cofino 2010 Source: Cofino 2010 Life Interaction is expected outside the classroom http://www.flickr.com/photos/cwalker71/2637125074 http://flickr.com/photos/nattu/895220635/ Highly customised experiences Source: Cofino 2010 Social Source: Cvofino 2010 http://flickr.com/photos/blackbutterfly/3082335820/ http://flickr.com/photos/paulm/1584418819/ Source: Cofino 2010 constantly connected Source: Cofino 2010 Increasingly digital http://flickr.com/photos/crash-candy/2347430057/ PDF Created with deskPDF PDF Writer - Trial :: http://www.docudesk.com 4
  • 5. 2010/10/28 Source: Cofino 2010 Technology certainly key part of learning producers + consumers prosumers But it is not about technology per se http://flickr.com/photos/ssh/12638218/ “Students today can’t “Students today prepare bark to depend on paper too calculate their much. They don’t problems. They know how to write depend on slate without getting chalk which is more dust all over them. expensive. What will What will they do Source: Wheeler 2010 they do when they when they run out of Sourtce: Wheeler 2010 drop the slate and it paper?” breaks? They will be (Principal’s unable to write!” association – 1815) http://www.objectlessons.org (Teachers conference, http://www.nikkikatz.com 1703) http://www.gadgettastic.com Source: Wheeler 2010 The pace of technology changes are fast and accelerating “Ball point pens will be the ruin of education in our country. Students use these devices and Source: Wheeler 2010 then throw them away. The American virtues of thrift and frugality are being discarded.” (US Federal teacher, 1950) PDF Created with deskPDF PDF Writer - Trial :: http://www.docudesk.com 5
  • 6. 2010/10/28 Web 1.0: Read, receive, research Adapted from Wheeler 2010 Society 3.0 www.localseoguide.com Web 2.0: Source: Wheeler 2010 Contribute, collaborate, create, i.e. Web 3.0: user Existing data re-connected Adapted from Wheeler 2010 participation for other (smarter) uses http://farm4.static.flickr.com PDF Created with deskPDF PDF Writer - Trial :: http://www.docudesk.com 6
  • 7. 2010/10/28 Digital natives vs Twenty years of web history digital immigrants (Marc Prensky)? 1994 1995 Netscape Amazon browser 1992 1996 Email Hotmail & 1997 Alta Vista web search blog 2004 1998 Facebook & Google 1999 file Gmail search sharing 2001 2003 Skype Wikipedia & Myspace 2005 2006 2006 Youtube Twitter 2009 Real Iphone time media Source: http://www.guardian.co.uk/technology/interactive/2009/oct/23/internet-arpanet Digital residents vs digital visitors (White) But In 2009 only 6.9 millions digital South Africans were Internet users, up from 4.5 mil (11%) of the population in 2008 PDF Created with deskPDF PDF Writer - Trial :: http://www.docudesk.com 7
  • 8. 2010/10/28 We can’t just The use of use new technology by technology to our students teach same old has changed stuff what and how we will have to teach Shifts in teaching & learning One approach: Sage on stage l From Cartesian To ecological paradigm paradigm (socially (transmission) produced) Source: Downes ?? Other approach: Peer-based social learning Shift from being knowledgeable Source: Downes ?? Source: McLeod 2009 to being knowledge-able (Michael Wesch) PDF Created with deskPDF PDF Writer - Trial :: http://www.docudesk.com 8
  • 9. 2010/10/28 21st century teaching 21st century skills Effective communication Innovation & creativity Problem-solving Interactive & collaborate Critical thinking Self-direction & responsibilities Adaptability & flexibility Online unit Face-to-face Use what over two- thirds of South African have (while many households Other support have more than one) PDF Created with deskPDF PDF Writer - Trial :: http://www.docudesk.com 9
  • 10. 2010/10/28 Source: Wheeler 2010 Use Wiki with MAs that supervise Source of photo: Weller 2010 Used Wiki for 1st & 2nd year as collaborative work PDF Created with deskPDF PDF Writer - Trial :: http://www.docudesk.com 10
  • 11. 2010/10/28 Student feedback • Student’s tweet: ish guys dnt mind my weird tweets sumtyms, its my assignments... thanks 2 #uj • Twitter could be a contribution to education purposes as it allows the students to find and follow specific personalities, beneficial to their studies. • It is simply easy and great, doing academic assignment with phone 220km away from Johannesburg. • Majority fully agree that should continue using Fun & Twitter in teaching, most are only tweeting for course creative!!!! http://allfunny.net/pics/crazykids/crazy-kids-8.jpg PDF Created with deskPDF PDF Writer - Trial :: http://www.docudesk.com 11
  • 12. 2010/10/28 • Continue to find new ways of making the Do more assignments in hard course and module interesting. The web page copy. Old school teaching was something totally different. please! • [I have learnt] doing group work without meeting any of the group members – you Carina rocks, l wish she would gotta love technology! take me through and through, • Despite endless assignments the course is just but esh online and wetpaint really sucks. so awesome and making you to eager to learn more. Some of us hate spending more • A nearly unbelievable request: “Give us more time in front of computers. assignments.” My reflection Fun!!!! http://allfunny.net/pics/crazykids/crazy-kids-8.jpg Challenges for me • Poor digital literacy of students • Digital divide: Access to internet off campus?; no wifi on campus • E-safety, privacy & digital Source of slide background: Rowe footprint – not done enough on this • Digital people, but analogue students (Tan 2009): students are expecting conventional lecturing PDF Created with deskPDF PDF Writer - Trial :: http://www.docudesk.com 12
  • 13. 2010/10/28 LAST WORDS Lecturer must have content knowledge, pedagogy knowledge and technology knowledge AND be connected ourselves – become the learner you are trying to develop “All too often today we are giving young people cut flowers when “[t]he technology is secondary. This is a we should be social revolution, not a technological Source: Wheeler 2010 teaching them one, and its most revolutionary aspect may be the ways in which it empowers to grow their us to rethink education and the teacher- http://www.newcastle.edu.au own plants.” student relationship in an almost ~ John W Gardner http://www.freedigitalphotos.net/image/s_flowers-lost-gardens-of-heligan.jpg limitless variety of ways.” (Wesch 2009) Essential elements of Development Studies 21st century teaching Emphasise core subjects Interdisciplinary, multidisciplinary Language, Mathematics, Economics, Science, Geography, History, Government and Civics Emphasise learning skills Practice- and problem-oriented Use 21st century tools to Critical develop learning skills Teach & learn in 21st century Relevant to 21st century context context Teach & learn 21st century What is 21st century content of content Development Studies? tool? Content just a Passion remains everything! Use 21st century assessments Do students only write essays in that measure 21st century your courses? skills PDF Created with deskPDF PDF Writer - Trial :: http://www.docudesk.com 13
  • 14. 2010/10/28 While doctors save lives http://www.taranakicareers.co.nz Source: Wheeler 2010 Teachers make lives Your thoughts? Acknowledgements • Bolstad R 2008 Disciplining and drafting, or 21st century learning? Presentation to Cantatech and Aoraki e-clusters at Darfield, 3 September 2008. http://www.scribd.com/doc/5514047/21st-century • Brad Fountain Consumers to creators: How to teach today’s students • Rowe M Collaborative knowledge construction with wikis • Tolisano SR 2009 Take the technology out of the equation. 29 March blog post at http://langwitches.org/blog/2009/03/29/take-the- technology-out-of-the-equation/ • Wheeler S 2010 Transformation and inspiration through social media: Meeting the needs of the 21st century learner. Keynote speech for ULearn2010, Christchurch, New Zealand, 6-8 October • Where not acknowledged on slides, photos/cartoons are from Google Images PDF Created with deskPDF PDF Writer - Trial :: http://www.docudesk.com 14