Formal learning Informal learning
responsibility for their
Where do you get help from now?
• Other experts
• Printed material in library
Where get info from?
Can you get expertise, support, etc.
also from here?
• Content is free
• Content is abundant
• Content is varied
• Sharing / collaboration is easy
• Socially based
• Network is valued
• Peer critiquing
• Open practices
Learn by doing!
To ‘learn’ is to
George Siemens www.connectivism.ca/
We live in a techno-social world
Learning occurs inside and outside of
people – we store our knowledge in
computers and in other people ~
Community of practice
Group of people who share interest / craft /
profession; in process of sharing info and
experiences learn from one another (Weller
From this .... ..... To this
• Move from expert developed knowledge to
collaborative forms of knowledge construction
• PLE is environment for person to manage
knowledge & connections
• PLE is tool intended to immerse yourself into
the workings of a community
• This is how you practice being person with
characteristics of that community, i.e.
PLE & PLN (for professional development)
PLEs are not only personal
web tools and personal
learning networks. PLEs
are much wider than this,
taking in experiences and
realia, as well as learning
through TV, music, paper
based materials, radio &
more formal contexts
Learning content is not as
important now as where
(or who) to connect to, to
PWTs are any web tools,
(usually Web 2.0) chosen
by learners to support
their lifelong learning
It’s all about who you follow…
…and being followed!
Finding the right people to follow
• Find people
– Id people you admire in your research field; find them
on Twitter via Twitter Search
– Read bios of people on Twitter to see if share interest
– Explore their network / lists
• Scan Twitter lists/ directories
• Use good language
• Make it relevant
• Share good resources
• Ask questions and give answers/opinions
• Think before you tweet
• Be yourself!
• Use ALL CAPS (it is screaming)
• Forget to credit those tweets that you are
passing on (RT)
– RT makes people aware that you value their work
& build stronger network
THINK OF YOUR DIGITAL
• Professional identity
Lurking in the
Link to Delicious
If tweet or favourite link, automatically
updated in your Delicious account
• Conole G 2010 The changing landscape of educational practice. Presentation to NADE
annual conference in Harten (Norway) on 18 November
• Downes S 2010 Pedagogical foundations for personal learning. Presentation in January
• Downes S 2009 Learning 2.0: Learning today and tomorrow. Presentation on 16 April
• Ebner M 2010 Academic use of microblogging. Presentation at #AIECS10. Available
online at http://elearningblog.tugraz.at
• Kadle A 2010 Elements for constructing social learning environments.
• Lingard M, McNeill A & Cann AJ 2010 Using Twitter in (higher) education. Powerpoint
presentation at the ATL workshop at Nottingham on May 2010
• Pacansky-Brock M Your hybrid classroom: Will you change your paradigm?
• Weisgerber C 2010 Tweet your way to success. Presentation to St Edward’s PRSSA
• Weller M 2010 A pedagogy of abundance.
• Wheeler S 2010 Communities, spaces and pedagogies for the digital age.
• Wheeler S 2010b Learning management system and personal learning environment: A
bridge in the clouds?
• Wheeler S 2009 It’s personal: Learning spaces, learning webs.
• Images not acknowledged on slide was taken from Google Image