AUSTRALIANCURRICULUM:TECHNOLOGIESDRAFT SHAPE PAPER - July, 2012CONSULTATION
LEARNING AREASThe Melbourne Declaration identifies eight learning areasincluding: Technologies Mathematics English Science Languages The Arts The Humanities Health and Physical Education
CURRICULUM DEVELOPMENT PHASES Phase 1 Phase 2 Phase 3 Health and English Geography Physical Education Design and Mathematics Languages Technology & Digital Technologies Science The Arts Economics, Busi ness, Civics and Citizenship History
CONSULTATION TIMELINE June 2012 – 30 April December 2013 2012, 8.30am- 10.30am Curriculum development 14 March – 3 June CEO Technologies process followed 2012 ACARA National Feedback Breakfast by consultation on consultation period meeting, Siena the curriculum and Newman Centre,, 33 final publication Williamstown 14 March 2012 Road, DOUBLEVIEW Draft Shape of Australian - Room 2.01 September 2012 Curriculum: Technologies 3 May 2012 Scope and Sequence available The School Curriculum and Standards Authority of WA Technologies Forum.
DEVELOPMENT OF THE AUSTRALIANCURRICULUM The Australian Curriculum developed by ACARA: is being written for F-10 and Years 11-12 is described in Bands- F-2, 3-4, 5-6, 7-8, 9-10, 11-12 has content descriptions not outcomes
PURPOSE OF THE DRAFT SHAPE PAPERThe draft Shape of the Australian Curriculum: Technologies provides broad direction on the purpose, structure and organisation of the Technologies curriculum will guide the writing of the Australian Curriculum: Technologies from F-12
TECHNOLOGIES LEARNING AREA “Technologies” adopted to reflect the range of technologies addressed in schools Australian Curriculum: 2 strands F-8 and 2 subjects Years 9-12 Design and Technologies Digital Technologies
BACKGROUNDDesign and Technologies – students learn to develop and apply technologies knowledge, process and production skills to design, produce and evaluate solutions using traditional, contemporary and emerging technologies for real-world needs, opportunities, end users, clients or consumers in a range of technologies contexts.Digital Technologies – students learn to develop and apply technical knowledge, process and computational thinking skills, including algorithmic logic and abstraction, to transform data into information solutions for real-world needs, opportunities, end users, clients or consumers in a range of technologies contexts.
AIMS OF TECHNOLOGIES CURRICULUMThe Australian Curriculum: Technologies will aim to develop students who:• are creative, innovative and enterprising when using traditional, contemporary and emerging technologies• effectively and responsibly select and use appropriate technologies, materials, information, systems, tools and equipment when designing and creating socially, economically and environmentally sustainable products, services or environments• critique, evaluate and apply thinking skills and technologies processes that people use to shape their world, and to transfer that learning to other technology situations• individually and collaboratively plan, manage, create and produce solutions to purposeful technology projects for personal, local, national and global settings• engage confidently with and make informed, ethical decisions about technologies for personal wellbeing, recreation, everyday life, the world of work and preferred futures.
STRUCTURE OF THE AUSTRALIANCURRICULUM: TECHNOLOGIES The Australian Curriculum: Technologies comprises two strands: Design and technologies & Digital technologies. All students will study both Design and technologies and Digital technologies from Foundation to the end of Year 8. Schools may choose to integrate the strands in teaching and learning programs F-8. In Years 9–12, students will be able to choose from a range of subjects developed by ACARA and states and territories. In WA this will involve the existing elective subjects in the Technologies Curriculum.
OVERARCHING IDEAEngaging in Creating Preferred Futures A focus on preferred futures provides the methodology for identifying and moving towards sustainable patterns of living. Students will engage in predicting outcomes and impacts of technological decisions for current and future generations; considering probable futures; and identifying the futures they would prefer, taking into account economic, environmental and social sustainability. Over time they will reconstruct and review their visions for preferred futures through research, experience, dialogue, discussion and the exchange of ideas. This overarching idea is common to Design and technologies and Digital technologies, as both are concerned with technology, culture and society; economic, environmental and social sustainability; and creativity, innovation and enterprise.
RELATIONSHIP BETWEEN THE SUB-STRANDSDesign and technologies Digital technologies 2 complementary sub-strands Knowledge and Understanding Processes and Production
RELATIONSHIP BETWEEN THE SUB-STRANDSDesign and technologies: Knowledge and understanding: focuses on materials, information, systems, tools and equipment; and technologies and society. The content is dependent on the technologies context. Processes and Production: focuses on designing - identifying, exploring and critiquing a need or opportunity; generating, researching and developing ideas; and planning, producing and evaluating solutions that utilise process and production skills, creativity, innovation and enterprise to promote the development of sustainable patterns of living.
RELATIONSHIP BETWEEN THE SUB-STRANDSDigital technologies: Knowledge and understanding: focuses on digital information, digital systems and technologies, and digital technologies and society. Processes and Production: focuses on formulating and investigating problems; analysing and creating digital solutions; representing, constructing and evaluating solutions; and utilising skills of creativity, innovation and enterprise for sustainable patterns of living.
GENERAL CAPABILITIES Information and communicationCritical and creative Ethical behaviour technology (ICT) thinking capability Literacy Intercultural Personal and social Numeracyunderstanding capability Refer to pages 17 to 19 of the Shaping Paper for aspects of each of the seven general capabilities to be embedded in the content descriptions and/or elaborations where appropriate to enrich and deepen student learning.
CROSS-CURRICULUM PRIORITIES Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander histories and cultures Asia and Australia’s engagement with Asia Sustainability
CROSS-CURRICULUM PRIORITIESAboriginal and Torres Strait Islander histories and cultureshave a: longstanding tradition of developing and utilising a range of technologies that support sustainable practices for local conditions. capacity for innovation include solutions for food or medicinal preparation, building and architecture, and the use of digital technologies to enhance communication.Refer to page 19 to 21 of the Shaping Paper Read pages 19 to 21 and dot down some way you might include the Cross Curriculum Priorities in your Technologies program.
ORGANISATION OF THE AUSTRALIANCURRICULUM: TECHNOLOGIES The technologies curriculum is organised in the following bands: Foundation to Year 2 Years 3-4 Years 5-6 Years 7-8 Years 9-10 Senior secondary (Years 11 and 12)
TIME ALLOCATIONThe time allocation for Design and technologies and Digitaltechnologies combined are: • 60 hours across Years F–2 • 80 hours across Years 3–4 • 120 hours across Years 5–6 • 160 hours across Years 7–8 • 80 hours each across Years 9–10 • 200 to 240 hours of learning across Years 11–12 for each of Design and technologies and Digital technologies. Allocation of time for teaching the Technologies learning area will be a school authority or school-based decision.
SCOPE AND SEQUENCEThe proposed knowledge, understanding and skills are cumulative in nature.They build on the depth of students’ understanding and the sophistication oftheir skills in the ways they think about and work with technologies.3 part breakdown: Technologies Curriculum (in general) Design and technologies (subject/strand specific outcomes) Digital technologies (subject/strand specific outcomes) Each address the following groupings: Foundation – Year 2 Years 3-6 Years 7-10 Senior Secondary
THE TECHNOLOGIES CURRICULUMACROSS THE YEARS OF SCHOOLINGFoundation to Year 2 (typically 5–8 years of age) The Early Years Learning Framework (EYLF) has a specific focus on play-based learning and recognises children’s rights to be active participants in all matters affecting their lives. focus on personal forms and use of technologies in children’s immediate environments that are relevant to them, such as at home, in the backyard/farmyard, and in the classroom.
THE TECHNOLOGIES CURRICULUMACROSS THE YEARS OF SCHOOLINGYears 3 – 6 (typically 8 -12 years of age) Students progressively engage with more abstract ideas. Students become more concerned with the social and environmental use of technologies. Students broaden scope of investigations to consider safe and ethical use of technologies.
THE TECHNOLOGIES CURRICULUMACROSS THE YEARS OF SCHOOLINGYears 7 – 10 (typically 12 - 16 years of age) Develop increasing independence in thinking and skill application. Appreciate interdependence of technology development, culture, environment, developer and user. Flexibility for students to undertake more specialised learning pathways in a range of learning areas. (Years 9–10)
THE TECHNOLOGIES CURRICULUM ACROSS THE YEARS OF SCHOOLINGSenior secondary (typically 16 - 18 years of age) A range of specialised courses with explicit pathways allowing depth of study, multi-disciplinary approaches, sophistication of engagement and can lead to tertiary study, vocational training or employment. Australian Curriculum – 2 subjects: Design and technologies Digital technologies Additional subjects as currently offered by the states and territories.
DESIGN AND TECHNOLOGIES ACROSSTHE YEARS OF SCHOOLING Addresses each of the Stages. Specific examples of content description Continuum of learning: exposure to increasingly complex range of tools, materials, equipment, information and systems using increasingly sophisticated range of skills and processes, recognising risks and adopting safe work practices for increasingly complex problems Addresses specialised technologies contexts such as agriculture, architecture, manufacturing, media design, digital design, engineering, food technology, industrial design and textiles in Years 9-10
DIGITAL TECHNOLOGIES ACROSS THEYEARS OF SCHOOLING Addresses each of the Stages. Specific examples of student outcomes Continuum of learning: Students will develop increasingly sophisticated knowledge and understanding, drawn from both contemporary and historical sources Students will develop increasingly sophisticated skills in digital technologies processes and production through applying computational thinking to create digital information products, systems or software instructions to address digital problems.
KEY QUESTIONS FOR EVALUATINGTHE DRAFT SHAPE OF THEAUSTRALIAN CURRICULUM:TECHNOLOGIES Does the Draft Shape Does the scope and Paper provide sufficient Is the 2 strand/subject sequence provide a direction and clarity for structure appropriate? logical progression of the development of learning from F-12? Technologies curriculum Does the Draft Shape Do the two Paper cater for future Can the content be covered within the strands/subjects options for students provide an appropriate structure and the time and provide balance of Technologies frame? specialisation? education?
CONSULTATION ON THE DRAFT SHAPE OFTHE AUSTRALIAN CURRICULUM:TECHNOLOGIES Access a printable version of the Draft Shape Paper and the ACARA online survey: http://www.acara.edu.au/technologies.html Provide feedback via email at: email@example.com