What is science?

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  • Write all definitions on board, and have them vote which one is correct – kudos to the group with the most votes. Click 1- Have them take down exact definition. -point out the impt words in definition Click 2- Have them take down these words as well as other terms we came up with in the brainstorming/definition steps. Describe each term
  • What are the goals of science or the scientific process? – jot down ideas 1 st click – share my 4 answers, add their answers to the slide…. Have them take notes…
  • 1 st click – You ARE a scientist….
  • What is science?

    1. 1. What is Science?
    2. 2. Science defined: <ul><li>A systematic process for questioning and learning about the natural world </li></ul><ul><ul><li>AND </li></ul></ul><ul><li>the set of facts we have derived from that process </li></ul>Science is: <ul><li>organized </li></ul><ul><li>controlled </li></ul><ul><li>data-driven </li></ul><ul><li>evidence-based </li></ul><ul><li>skeptical </li></ul><ul><li>systematic </li></ul>
    3. 3. Goals of Science <ul><ul><li>Observe </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Understand </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Explain </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Make useful inferences </li></ul></ul>
    4. 4. Are you a scientist? <ul><li>Do you ask QUESTIONS ? </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Is the door open? </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Do you perform EXPERIMENTS ? </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Check the handle. </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Do you make INFERENCES ? </li></ul><ul><ul><li>It’s locked. </li></ul></ul><ul><li>You are a scientist! </li></ul><ul><ul><li>This is a simple way to explain scientific thinking. </li></ul></ul>
    5. 5. Thinking Scientifically <ul><li>1. Make Observations </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Gathering information in an organized fashion </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Use your Senses , prior knowledge </li></ul></ul><ul><li>2. Make Hypotheses </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Proposed explanations for an observation set </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Must be able to be tested </li></ul></ul><ul><li>3. Gather Data </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Compile the observations </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Two categories of data: </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>__ Quantitative _______: numbers </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>HINT: measuring or counting </li></ul></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>__ Qualitative ___________: descriptions </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>HINT: How does it look? Feel? Taste? Smell? Sound? Use your five senses. (If appropriate to use the sense.) </li></ul></ul></ul></ul><ul><li>4. Draw Inferences </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Logical interpretations that link observations with prior knowledge or experience </li></ul></ul>
    6. 6. Be a good scientist – There are 5-10 steps that can may be used in an experiment, there is no exact recipe, but a framework referred to as - The Scientific Method <ul><li>When designing an experiment remember to: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Ask a question </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Form a hypothesis </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Experiment! </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Have a single independent variable (Manipulated; deliberately changed; factor that changes) </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Dependent variable (Responding; changes in response to the manipulated) </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Maintain a control group (if possible) </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Record and analyze </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Draw a conclusion </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Repeat if necessary </li></ul></ul>

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