Storytelling Chapter 10Early Childhood Experiences in Language Arts Presented by Evelia, Caren, Lisa, Sandy, and Janice
Storytelling and Literacy• Promotion/ why?• How to increase skills• Dialogue• Building blocks/connections• Story telling can promote a sense of...
Telling Stories Without Books• Intimate conversation• Childs face expressions and enjoyment• Books can help as a visual
Storytelling Goals• Teachers goals• Audience behaviors can lead to enjoyment and pleasure• Storytelling promotes understanding of what is read• Mental images & visuals vs. no visuals
Using Picture Books For Storytelling• Motivates interest in books• Caps for Sale example• After-storytelling discussion• Childrens narrative abilities and mastering them• What Justice and Pence suggest• Urge children to make their own stories (typed and later read)
Sources For Stories• Where story ideas can be found• Confidence building for teachers• Story telling is part of social interaction and what is observed
Common Story Selection Criteria• Age-Level Appropriateness• Plot• Style• Values• Memorable Characters• Sensory and Visual Images
Types of Stories• Fable: is a very simple story in which animals are often present to point out the lesson(s).• Participation Stories: give children the opportunity to become involved in the story, with the use of props, costumes and pictures.• Repetitive or Chanting Stories: involve the use of rhyming or singing. This can hold children’s attention well.
Types of Stories (continued)• Some classic tales include: Goldilocks and The Three Bears, Little Red Riding Hood and The Three Little Pigs• From Aesop’s Fables: The Lion and The Mouse, The Hare and The Tortoise and The Ant and The Grasshopper• Traditional Stories: Ugly Duckling, Tikki Tikki Tembo and the Tale of Peter Rabbit
Get Excited!• The best way to get children’s attention is to be excited about something!• Know the story! The better you know the story, the easier it will be told.• Practice, practice, practice!
Some Storytelling Techniques• Use a clear, firm, non mechanical voice• Practice before a mirror or with other teachers• Maintain eye contact and use hand gestures• Involve the children• Slow down when you are reading
Storytelling Techniques continued• Use dramatic pauses and move your body with the story• Speak confidentially, bringing the characters to life• Use voice pitch to your advantage• Enjoy yourself!
Created Stories• Can be created by either teachers or children• Teachers need to consider both audience and timing issues• Child-created stories promote literacy and a sense of accomplishment• Do not correct childrens stories, it is a process
Comprehension• After a story, make sure children understand what happened• Talk about it, make a visual graph, think up different endings• Make a story map and ask lots of questions
Story Sequence Cards• Visual aids• Children can learn to "picture read"• Great for pre-reading skills
Successful DictationStatements that help children start dictating stories:• Ask what is the story you would like to tell me? Tell them you will write down their words of the story.• Help guide a child toward developing the sequence of a story, storys beginning and end.• Encourage the childs use of dialogue or the childs development of descriptive language.
Early Writing Skills and Teacher Dictation• Help the child articulate what they are trying to communicate.• Talk about what the child has already contributed after dictation starts.• Compliment what features you can; descriptive word use for clarity, and interest, suggest visuals such as a drawing to add to their story.
Reaching Reluctant Storytellers and Children with Limited English• Suggest using pantomimes. Pantomimes can introduce and enhance the world of storytelling.• Ask parents and grandparents to help with telling storys. this way the child maybe more at ease of telling their own story.