UEENEEF102A Telecommunications open cpr regulations presentation part 2
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UEENEEF102A Telecommunications open cpr regulations presentation part 2

UEENEEF102A Telecommunications open cpr regulations presentation part 2

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UEENEEF102A Telecommunications open cpr regulations presentation part 2 UEENEEF102A Telecommunications open cpr regulations presentation part 2 Presentation Transcript

  • Telecommunications Open CPRRegulationsUEENEEF102APart 2
  • ReferencesTS 008:2006TS 009:2006Telecommunications Cabling Provider Rules 2000AS/NZS 3080:2003HB 243-2007 Module 1 Australian regulatory arrangementsHB 29-2007 Module 2 Communications cabling handbookHB 252-2007 Module 3 Residential communications cabling handbookHampson Electrical Trade Principles Section 11
  • The exam for this section is an open book exam.It requires an 80% pass with a 65% pass mark in each section.The following books are permittedTS 008:2006TS 009:2006Telecommunications Cabling Provider Rules 2000AS/NZS 3080:2003HB 243-2007 Module 1 Australian regulatory arrangementsHB 29-2007 Module 2 Communications cabling handbookHB 252-2007 Module 3 Residential communications cabling handbook
  • The Telecommunication Act was passed in 1989 bythe Australian Government.This act deregulated the telecommunicationsindustry enabling licensed providers to undertakecabling work formerly undertaken byTelecom/Telstra.
  • The ACMA responsibilities include:-Promoting self-regulation and competition in the whileprotecting consumers and other uses.Fostering an environment in which electronic media respectscommunity standards and responds to audience and user needs.Managing access to the radio-frequency spectrum including thebroadcasting services bands.Representing Australias communications and broadcastinginterests internationally.
  • The ACMA’s role in relation tocabling providers is in theregistration systeminspectionsimposing fines.
  • Categories of requirementsThis standard contains normative and informativeelements.Normative elements (mandatory requirements) areindicated by the words "shall" or "shall not".All other elements are informative.AS/ACIF TS 009:2006 Rule 4.2 Pg 23
  • Supervision of unregistered cabling providerIf a registered cabling provider supervises an unregistered cablingprovider, the registered cabling provider must ensure that:the unregistered cabling provider is supervised , at all times whileperforming cabling work, by a registered cabling providing:each registered cabling provider who supervises that cabling workaccepts full responsibility for the standard of the work performedunder the providers supervision;all work performed under supervision complies fully with:the competency requirements mentioned paragraph 3.1 (2) (a); andthe Wiring RulesTelecommunications Cabling Provider Rules 2000 Rule 4.4 Pg 9
  • The 10 CPRS areAll customer cabling work in the telecommunications, fire, security and data industries must be performed by a registered cablingprovider.Depending on the cabling work performed, cabling providers must obtain either an Open, Restricted or Lift Registration thatmeets ACMAs training competency requirements.All ACA cabling licences in operation under the previous regulatory framework expired on the 2nd October 2005, and since thatdate all former licence holders have been required to be registered with one of the five cabling registrars accredited by the ACMA.Cabling providers are required to notify their registrar of any change of contact details within 21 days.Cabling providers must comply with the AS/ACIF S009:2006 Installation Requirements for Customer Cabling (wiring rules). Thewiring rules detail the minimum requirements for the cabling installations to ensure that network integrity and the health andsafety of end users , other cabling providers and carrier personnel is protected.Cabling providers are required to install only cabling product (including cable) and customer equipment that complies with therequirements of the Labelling Notice.Cabling providers must at the completion of each cabling task provide the client with a job sign-off form, known as aTelecommunications Cabling Advice form(TCA form).Registered cabling providers must directly supervise an unqualified persons work. This is known as the Supervisor Rule.Under the Supervision Rule, a qualified cabling provider must accept full responsibility for work done by an unqualified personand ensure that it fully complies with the Wiring Rules, including signing the form.Cabling providers must provide all reasonable cooperation and assistance to ACMA inspectors cabling auditors. Cabling providerscan be subject to fines if they do not abide by their registration conditions.
  • RegistrationUnder cabling provider rules, there is mandatory andvoluntary registration.Mandatory registration covers the Open, Restricted andLift categories.Voluntary registration covers higher level skills thosepreviously recognised through endorsements, such asoptical fibre and data cabling.See Hampson page 448 for prerequisites forregistration
  • Open cabling work covers all types of cabling work.Restricted cabling work covers a restricted range ofcabling work in residential and small business premises.Lift cabling work includes telecommunications cablingin relation to lift installations.
  • RegistrarsThere are 5 ACMA accredited registrar:-Australian Cabler Registration Service (ACRS)Australian Security Industry Association Limited (ASIAL)BICSI Registered Cablers Australia PTY LTDFire Protection Association Australia (FPA Australia)TITAB Australia Cabler Registry Services (TITAB)
  • Inspection of cabling workThe ACMA conducts investigations into writtencomplaints by the public about unsatisfactory cablingwork to enforce compliance rules.The carrier may inspect work to ensure that it satisfiesthe industry regulators standard for network integrity,personal safety and proper network functioning.If a carrier inspection reveals a threat to safety orproper functioning of the network, then it may refuseto connect some or all services.
  • SegregationThe separation of customer cabling from electricalhazardous services is required to avoid creating adangerous situation resulting from mechanical damageof communications cables.Therefore segregation of telecommunications cablingfrom power is important for the general safety ofcustomers, cabling providers and carrier staff.Both the AS/ACIF S009:2006 and AS/NZS 3000:2007require segregation of power and telecommunicationscables and their terminations by appropriate means.
  • Cable JointsSafety and integrityEarth Potential RiseLow-frequency inductionOptical fibres and Coax cablesExplosive atmospheresCatenary cablingMinimum separationsConduitsPower feeding
  • Earth Potential RiseAs the earth has some resistance, a current flowing through the earth willcause a potential difference between two points in the ground. This is knownas earth potential rise (EPR).
  • Low Frequency InductionIt is possible for 50Hz to be induced in the metallic conductors of communicationscables where they run parallel to high-voltage power lines carrying low frequency (50Hz) currents.bzzzzzbzzzzz
  • Surge suppressionTelecommunications cables are prone to over-voltage fromexternal and internal sources. Techniques for protectingtelecommunications equipment and personnel from over-voltage include the following:-InterceptingClamping or clippingsShuntingInterruptingIsolationGas arrestors are the main form of primary protection. A gasarrestor is a gas discharge device that conducts when the voltagebetween its terminal exceeds a predetermined value.Hampson Pg 455 also AS/ACIF TS009:2006 rule 20.20.2
  • Surge suppression –The effects may range from minornoise to disruption of the service, note avoid usingtelephones during thunderstorms.Surge suppresses reduce the risk of excessive voltagesthat may cause damage to telecommunicationnetworks or equipment.e.g. lightning strikes, voltages surges or spikesDevices for protection must connect to a compliantearth reference through a green/yellow cable Clause20.20 AS/ACIF TS009:2006
  • Cable distribution devicesA distributor is a connection device that provides forcross-connection of cables using jumpers or patchcords.AS/ACIF TS009:2006 clause 3.1.32.The distributor at the network boundary is the maindistribution frame (MDF).
  • General regulatory requirementsCross -connection should match or exceed the categoryrating of the installed cabling systems.Clause 12.3 of AS/ACIF TS009:2006 requires the cablingprovider to supply sufficient cabling records relating tothe cabling to enable cables and cross-connections tobe correctly identified and connected, the cablingrecords must be legible and updatable.Distributors located outdoors must have a minimumrating IPX3 and installation must not degrade thisrating. See AS/ACIF TS009:2006 rule 12.5 Pg 45
  • MDFAn MDF provides, or is intended to provide, anelectrical termination point for a carriers lead-in cable.AS/ACIF TS009:2006 rule 3.1.56Network boundary is the point which is deemed to bethe boundary of a carriers telecommunicationsnetwork for determining whether cabling or equipmentis "customer cabling" or "customer equipment" for thepurpose of technical regulation under Part 21 of theTelecommunications Act.AS/ACIFTS009:2006 rule 3.1.57
  • MDF locationThe location of the MDF must be in or on a building.Also to be close to the electrical switchboard tofacilitate earthing and equipotential bonding whererequired.When installing an MDF provide the minimumclearances as specified in Appendix D of AS/ACIFTS009:2006
  • Indoor cablingTwo insulated copper conductors form the basis of telephoneservice to the customer’s premises.Twisting insulated wires together forms a twisted pair.This twisted pair is the pathway for the signals between thecustomer’s telephone and the carrier’s exchange.Indoor cable usually has a cream coloured PVC sheath overPVC insulated wires. They may be:-UTP - unshielded twisted pair constructionFTP – overall foil shielded twisted pair
  • SeparationThe main reason for maintaining separation from low-voltagecables is to minimise the risk of accidental penetration of bothcable by nails, screws, drills and the like.For this reason we have a minimum standard of air separationof 50 mm.Another standard of separation is a barrier of a durableinsulating material or earthed metal between bothconductors, also in conduit, cable trunking / ducting and cableskirting is satisfactory. See clause AS/ACIF TS009:2006 16.3
  • 175 mm150 mmTelecommunicationscableBearer/Rafter/JoistLV Power Cable
  • Telecommunications OutletsThere are several types of T.O. The most common is the600 and the RJ series (modular connection).InstallationsIn damp areas, bathrooms, laundries and the like theT.O. must be outside the damp restricted area zones asper AS/ACIF TS009:2006 appendix A and AS/NZS3000:2007.
  • Underground cablingThe depth of laying for cables installed under a publicroadway or footway is 450mm. In other areas theminimum depth is 300mm.See clause AS/ACIF TS009:2006 18.6.A compliant conduit, marked as communication pipe,or has a white marker tape laid 100mm above theunenclosed cable is a requirement under the AS/ACIFTS009:2006 rules.
  • Aerial cablingAerial cables often incorporate a strong support wireknown as the “integral bearer”.The bearer wires must insulated from any conductivepole or structure carrying an aerial power line.See clause AS/ACIF TS009:2006 19.5.8.They must be insulated or shrouded to preventaccidental contact by a power-line worker and must notconnect to earth.
  • ClearancesClause AS/ACIF TS009:2006 19.2 species the minimumclearances for aerial cables.2.7 m over private property not traversed by roadvehicles3.5 m over any residential driveway4.9 m over any commercial or industrial driveway orprivate road
  • EarthingThe types of earthing found in a telecommunicationsinstallation are:-Equipotential bondingCommunications earth terminalCommunications earth systemTelecommunications reference conductorTelecommunications functional earth electrode
  • Heritage Sites and buildingsThe term heritage maybe broadly defined as “the possessions,traditions or conditions that have been passed from onegeneration to another.Queensland Heritage Act 1992InstallationCabling work in a heritage-listed is usually specialised workand should only proceed on the advice of a specialist in thatfield.Permission may be required from the relevant authority. Thismust be applied for in writing, on the correct form and beforeany work can be started.
  • Fire regulations and cable installationsIt is essential that a cable installer be aware ofhow the installation of cables and supportsystems may affect the fire safety of a building.
  • RegistrationTo contact a registrar useThe websitePhonefaxDirect contactA declaration confirming that you will abide by the cablingproviders rules must be completedYou have 30 days to renew your licence once it has expired
  • End of slide show