Care & Prevention Ch1


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Care & Prevention Ch1

  1. 1. Athletic TrainingCare & Prevention<br />Instructor: Eric Molina L/ATC<br />Period: 8<br />
  2. 2. Chapter 1Organization & Administration<br />What is Athletic Training?<br />It is the prevention, recognition, evaluation, treatment, rehabilitation, and health care administration of athletic injuries. (Cramer)<br />Athletic training encompasses the prevention, diagnosis, and intervention of emergency, acute, and chronic medical conditions involving impairment, functional limitations, and disabilities. (NATA)<br />
  3. 3. Athletic Training<br />Involves an entire team:<br /><ul><li>Board Certified (BOC) Certified Athletic Trainer
  4. 4. Athletic Training Students
  5. 5. Team Physician
  6. 6. Parents
  7. 7. Coaches
  8. 8. School Administration
  9. 9. Maintenance Personnel</li></li></ul><li>The Certified Athletic Trainer in addition to the traditional setting are working as integral members:<br /><ul><li>Sports Medicine Clinics
  10. 10. Industrial Settings
  11. 11. Professional Sports Programs
  12. 12. Educational Institutions
  13. 13. Athletic Health Care Settings</li></ul>Athletic Trainer<br />
  14. 14. The Athletic Training Profession<br />NATA was founded in 1950<br />Membership now exceeds 30,000 members<br />&quot;The mission of the National Athletic Trainers&apos; Association is to enhance the quality of health care provided by certified athletic trainers and to advance the athletic training profession.&quot;<br />National Athletic Trainers’ Association<br />
  15. 15. The Athletic Training Profession<br /><ul><li>1960’ The NATA assumed the leadership in establishing high standards for the education and certification of athletic trainers.
  16. 16. In 1990, the American Medical Association (AMA) recognized athletic training as an allied health profession.</li></li></ul><li>Establishing An Athletic Training/Sports Medicine Program<br />Checklist for Safety in Sports: <br />To establish an effective AT program, school administrators should seek the following:<br /><ul><li>BOC Certified Athletic Trainer (ATC)
  17. 17. Designated area within the facility for medical care/athletic training room
  18. 18. Medical files that include accident injury reports, parental consent, insurance referral, and other reports</li></li></ul><li>Establishing An Athletic Training/Sports Medicine Program<br /><ul><li>Adequate funding
  19. 19. Educational program for athletes
  20. 20. Emergency medical action plan
  21. 21. First Aid, Wound Care, Taping, and wrapping supplies
  22. 22. H.I.P.A.A. (The health Insurance Portability and Accountability Act) standards are followed</li></li></ul><li>Establishing An Athletic Training/Sports Medicine Program<br /><ul><li>Injury notification system
  23. 23. Medical and dental insurance
  24. 24. Qualified Coaches
  25. 25. Qualified Officials
  26. 26. Safe Sports Facilities
  27. 27. Required pre-participation physical examinations
  28. 28. All coaches, cheerleader, band, and drill team sponsors be certified in CPR, AED, & ARC Sports Safety Training (First Aid)</li></li></ul><li>The Sports Medicine TEam<br />Starts with the ATC<br /><ul><li>Supervise care & Prevention
  29. 29. Finding a Team Physician
  30. 30. Supervises ATC & Staff</li></li></ul><li>Team Physician<br /><ul><li>Supervise pre-participation physicals and medical histories.
  31. 31. Clearing of players for return to activity after injury.
  32. 32. Working with the athletic trainers
  33. 33. On call for emergencies
  34. 34. A school should have a qualified team physician on the sideline at all football games and other high risk sporting activities.</li></ul>The Sports Medicine Team<br />
  35. 35. The Sports Medicine Team<br />BOC Certified Athletic Trainer<br />A highly educated and skilled professional specializing in health care of the physically active. (Cramer)<br />Athletic trainers: health care professionals who collaborate with physicians to optimize activity and participation of patients and clients. <br />Approved by NATA Board of Directors <br />
  36. 36. The Sports Medicine Team<br />BOC Certified Athletic Trainer<br /><ul><li>Prevention of athletic injuries
  37. 37. Recognition, evaluation, and immediate care of athletic injuries
  38. 38. Rehabilitation and reconditioning of athletic injuries
  39. 39. Health care administration/Immediate Care
  40. 40. Professional development and responsibility
  41. 41. Organization and Administration</li></li></ul><li>The Sports Medicine Team<br />BOC Certified Athletic Trainer<br /><ul><li>Use the designation “ATC” as their professional credential
  42. 42. State licensure requirements
  43. 43. Studies have shown that injury rates will increase without an ATC on site at practices
  44. 44. Serves as a liaison between team physician, coach, parent, and athlete.
  45. 45. Especially at the high school level, should maintain contact with parents regarding their son/daughters injury status, and return to play</li></li></ul><li>The Sports Medicine Team<br />BOC Certified Athletic Trainer<br />During the off-season the ATC should work with coaches to improve the conditioning level of the team.<br /><ul><li>Devising specific conditioning programs for certain athletes
  46. 46. Assisting athletes recovering from injuries
  47. 47. Monitoring athletes who need to increase their lean body weight or decrease their body fat
  48. 48. Assist on purchasing and reconditioning of protective equipment.</li></li></ul><li>The Sports Medicine Team<br />BOC Certified Athletic Trainer<br />Scope of Practice:<br />A letter of delegated authority from the team physician on file, and under his/her direction. State licensure requirement.<br /><ul><li>The ATC will evaluate and provide first aid care
  49. 49. Initiate treatment plan/protocol (involving ice, heat, e-stim, ultrasound, and other modalities)</li></li></ul><li>The Sports Medicine Team<br />BOC Certified Athletic Trainer<br /><ul><li>Design and implement rehabilitation programs based on the physician protocol
  50. 50. Apply protective/supportive techniques that will allow the athlete to regain a physically active lifestyle.
  51. 51. Inventory/purchasing of supplies and completing/accident record forms</li></li></ul><li>The Sports Medicine TeamBOC Certified Athletic Trainer<br />Typical patients and clients served by athletic trainers include:<br /><ul><li>Recreational, amateur, and professional athletes
  52. 52. Individuals who have suffered musculoskeletal injuries
  53. 53. Those seeking strength, conditioning, fitness, and performance enhancement
  54. 54. Others delegated by the physician</li></li></ul><li>The Sports Medicine TeamAthletes<br />Responsibilities:<br />Maintain Good Physical Condition<br />Practice the techniques taught by the Coaches<br />Follow instructions of the Coaches and the ATC<br />
  55. 55. The Sports Medicine TeamParents<br />Responsibilities:<br />Should be updated on current illnesses and First Aid<br />Home Care<br />Health and Nutrition<br />Fair Rules<br />ATC should disseminate information.<br />
  56. 56. The Sports Medicine TeamOfficials<br />Responsibilities:<br />Enforcing fair Rules<br />Monitoring Playing Conditions<br />Co-operating with Athletic Trainer and Physicians when injuries Occur and when Environmental Hazards Exist.<br />
  57. 57. The Sports Medicine TeamCoaches<br />Responsibilities:<br />Plan Practices: include conditioning and training of the athlete, teach techniques and rules of their sport<br />Selecting, fitting, and maintaining protective equipment<br />Supervision of practice and game facilities<br />Update education by attending clinics that review rule changes, skill development, first aid and CPR<br />Must place the athlete’s welfare foremost; work with ATC and Physicians to determine what is best for the athlete<br />
  58. 58. The Sports Medicine TeamAthletic Training Student<br />Roles and Responsibilities:<br />Obtain First Aid and CPR certification<br />Develop skills in immediate care of injuries, preventive techniques<br />Basic treatment protocols<br />Maintain a clean athletic training area/facilities<br />Inventory control<br />Packing Kits<br />
  59. 59. The Sports Medicine TeamAthletic Training Student<br />Roles and Responsibilities:<br />Preparation for practice and Games<br />Prepare electrolyte drink or water for practice/games<br />Assist in record keeping<br />Become involved in taping, wrapping, changing of dressings, giving minor treatments, and first aid.<br />Must be under direct supervision of an ATC.<br />
  60. 60. Athletic Training Facility and Management<br />Athletic training facilities at high schools vary from almost non-existent to those as modern and spacious as professional/college athletic training rooms.<br />
  61. 61. Athletic Training Facility and Management<br />Administrative Office<br />Document, review and file all medial records/notes (Physical forms, Injury forms, Treatment forms, Insurance forms, Rehab forms, Physicians referral forms)<br />Maintain a clean organized office and filling system<br />Accessibility to phone, fax, and e-mail<br />Updates computer, printer, and software<br />
  62. 62. Athletic Training Facility and Management<br />Hydrotherapy Area<br />Have whirlpool safety inspected yearly<br />Fill whirlpool<br />Fill and rotate ice cups<br />Make ice bags for treatment<br />Clean and disinfect<br />Wash and fold towels<br />
  63. 63. Athletic Training Facility and Management<br />Prevention (Taping Area)<br />Restock taping areas<br />Roll-up elastic/cloth wraps<br />Disinfect tables<br />Prepare heel and lace pads<br />Replace tape cutter blades as needed<br />
  64. 64. Athletic Training Facility and Management<br />Rehabilitation Area<br />Inspect all equipment<br />Make sure all equipment is in its proper place<br />Check paper supply in isokinetic machine<br />Clean and disinfect all equipment<br />
  65. 65. Athletic Training Facility and Management<br />Treatment (Therapeutic Modality) Area<br />Have all modalities safety inspected yearly<br />Turn off when not in use<br />Clean machines<br />Wash and folds towels<br />Check hydrocollator and paraffin bath levels<br />
  66. 66. Athletic Training Facility and Management<br />Physician’s Examination Office<br /><ul><li>Confirm specialized medical equipment for physician is available
  67. 67. Update and restock supplies in physicians medical kit weekly
  68. 68. Clean surgical trays and refill disinfectants weekly
  69. 69. Clean, disinfect, restock and organize exam room weekly</li></li></ul><li>Athletic Training Facility and Management<br />Storage Area<br />Keep accurate inventory and notify supervisor when is low<br />Clean and rotate stock<br />
  70. 70. Athletic Training Facility and Management<br />Daily Duties<br />Disinfect <br />Restock<br />Sweep, mop, empty trash<br />Check ice machine/freezer<br />Review emergency procedures<br />Review/confirm newly acquired skills/knowledge<br />
  71. 71. Athletic Training Room Rules<br />Outline Services that will be Offered<br />Remember! This is a Medical Facility!<br />Common Rules:<br /><ul><li>Co-educational facility
  72. 72. Treatment provided only to student –athletes
  73. 73. Athletes should shower after activity before receiving routine treatments</li></li></ul><li>Athletic Training Room Rules<br />Athletic Training Room supplies and equipment will not be removed, except with permission of the athletic trainer<br />Athletes/sports equipment should be left in the locker room<br />LOUD MUSIC IS NOT PERMITTED<br />No cell phone use<br />Rules can be adapted or added<br />
  74. 74. Record Keeping<br />To ensure proper treatment of the athlete, careful records should be kept on all athletes<br />Physical Exam:<br />Should include past and present condition of the athlete<br />
  75. 75. Record Keeping<br />Accident/Injury Form<br />Include Athletes Name<br />Date time of accident/injury<br />Place of Injury<br />Mechanism of Injury<br />Evaluation of Injury<br />First Aid and Treatment provided<br />Rehab Recommendations<br />Medical referral<br />
  76. 76. Record Keeping<br />Daily Treatment<br />Athletes name<br />Date and Time<br />Treatment Provided<br />Protective Technique<br />Rehab procedure utilized<br />
  77. 77. Record Keeping<br />Health Insurance Portability and Accountability Act HIPPA<br />Passed to insure the rights of the athlete (patient) when it comes to their health records<br />This law restricts who has access to the medical records, for a specific length of time, and for what reasons. The athlete (physical form) signs waivers to allow physicians and other health care providers to exchange information.<br />
  78. 78. Fundamentals of Athletic Training<br />Every Athlete is entitled to adequate conditioning, injury prevention measures, proper treatment of injuries, and complete rehabilitation.<br />These programs are best designed and supervised by highly educated and skilled ATC’s.<br />
  79. 79. Fundamentals of Athletic Training<br />Athletic Trainer Characteristics:<br />Professional skills<br />AT Knowledge<br />Enjoy Athletics<br />Well-being of Athletes/People<br />Good Fitness/Personal Health<br />Common Sense<br />Willingness to Complete Assigned Tasks<br />
  80. 80. Fundamentals of Athletic Training<br />Education<br />Commission on Accreditation of Athletic Training (CAATE)<br />Sets accreditation standards for athletic training programs<br />Includes formal instruction in all areas documented in the NATA Athletic Training Educational Competencies.<br />BOC certification exam (after graduating from a CAATE accredited ed program)<br />
  81. 81. Employment OpportunitiesTraditional Setting<br />College/University setting<br />Traditional setting<br />Where profession began<br />Secondary School<br />Similar to the College/University setting<br />Professional Sports<br />Care for a Specific Team<br />Restricted employment due number of venues<br />
  82. 82. Employment OpportunitiesNon-Traditional Setting<br />Sports Medicine Clinics<br />Most recognizable non-traditional setting<br />Assist other allied health professionals<br />Include time spent in clinic, then off site work with high schools<br />Corporate/Industrial<br />Newer and developing outlet<br />Help the employee return to the work force<br />A healthy worker is more productive<br />Community Recreation Centers<br />Services a wide range of ages<br />From the very young to geriatric population<br />
  83. 83. Multiple Certifications<br />Certified Strength and Conditioning Specialist<br />The National Strength and Conditioning Association (CSCS)<br />Most recognized strength and conditioning certification<br /><br />Massage Therapy<br />Recognized by the NATA in a number of competencies<br />American Massage Therapy Association<br /><br />Massage professionals<br /><br />National Certification Board for Therapeutic Massage and Bodywork<br /><br />An athletic trainer that is more diverse and knowledgeable is more valuable to an organization<br />
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