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Vascular Dementia Top 20 Websites
Vascular Dementia Top 20 Websites
Vascular Dementia Top 20 Websites
Vascular Dementia Top 20 Websites
Vascular Dementia Top 20 Websites
Vascular Dementia Top 20 Websites
Vascular Dementia Top 20 Websites
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Vascular Dementia Top 20 Websites

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  • 1. Page 1 of 7 Written By: Mark B. Durieux   www.netsnippets.com    Vascular Dementia Top 20 Websites 1. 01EMedicine - Vascular Dementia - ^Top Abstract: Concepts: dementia, vascular dementia, disease, patients, cognition, cerebrovascular, risk, medication, stroke, Psychiatry, maximum score, infarcts, common, impairment, arteriopathy, deficits, criteria, Medicine, onset, brain. Some Summary Thoughts: Background: Vascular dementia is the second most common form of dementia after Alzheimer disease (AD). Hypertension is the major cause of diffuse disease, and, in many patients, both focal and diffuse disease are observed together. The 3 most common mechanisms of vascular dementia are multiple cortical infarcts, a strategic single infarct, and small-vessel disease. In single-infarct dementia, different areas in the brain can be affected, which may result in significant impairment in cognition. Autopsy studies have shown the association between AD and vascular lesions. Several recent studies also point out that the risk of developing AD is increased when exposed to vascular risk factors such as hypertension, diabetes, peripheral arterial disease, and smoking, which normally are associated with cerebrovascular disease and vascular dementia. Patients with depression usually complain about their cognitive difficulties, which is unusual for patients with dementia. The features on CT scan or MRI that are suggestive of vascular dementia are bilateral multiple infarcts located in the dominant hemisphere and limbic structures, multiple lacunar strokes, or periventricular white-matter lesions extending into the deep white matter. Medical Care: The mainstay of management of vascular dementia is the prevention of new strokes. Recent guidelines from the American Psychiatric Association provide both treatment principles and possible specific therapies Drug treatment primarily is used to prevent further worsening of vascular dementia by treating the underlying disease such as hypertension and diabetes. The general management of dementia includes appropriate referral to community services, addressing legal and ethical issues (eg, driving, competency, and advance directives), and consideration of caregiver stress. Premkumar DR, Cohen DL, Hedera P: Apolipoprotein E-epsilon4 alleles in cerebral amyloid angiopathy and cerebrovascular pathology associated with Alzheimers disease. Title: eMedicine - Vascular Dementia : Article by Kannayiram Alagiakrishnan, MD URL: http://www.emedicine.com/med/topic3150.htm Date Accessed: 1 Jul. 2004 01EMedicine - Vascular Dementia - 2. 02NINDS Multi-Infarct Dementia ^Top Abstract: National Institute of Neurological Disorders and Stroke NINDS Multi-Infarct Dementia Information Page Synonym(s): Dementia - Multi-Infarct Reviewed 04-30-2001 Get Web page suited for printing Email this to a friend or colleague Table of Contents (click to jump to sections) What is Multi-Infarct Dementia? Is there any treatment? What is the prognosis? What research is being done? Organizations Related NINDS Publications and Information Title: NINDS Multi-Infarct Dementia Information Page URL: http://www.ninds.nih.gov/health_and_medical/disorders/multi-infarctdementia_doc.htm Date Accessed: 1 Jul. 2004 02NINDS Multi-Infarct Dementia 3. 03Fourth International Congress on Vascular Dementia ^Top Abstract: Possibly useful to the reader as an overview of current medical research efforts in the area. Title: 4th International Congress on Vascular Dementia, Porto, Portugal, 20-23 October 2005 URL: http://www.kenes.com/vascular/ Date Accessed: 1 Jul. 2004 03Fourth International Congress on Vascular Dementiafile://C:Documents%20and%20SettingsMark%20DurieuxMy%20DocumentsMy%... 02/07/2004
  • 2. Page 2 of 7 4. 04EMJA- Sachdev et al, Vascular ^Top Abstract: Vascular dementia: diagnosis, management and possible prevention There has been a recent upsurge of interest in the clinical features of and risk factors for vascular dementia, and consensus is emerging on its diagnostic characteristics. We discuss these features and risk factors and the main intervention strategies, both for treatment and prevention. Perminder S Sachdev, Henry Brodaty and Jeffrey C L Looi MJA 1999; 170: 81-85 Title: eMJA: Sachdev et al, Vascular dementia: diagnosis, management and possible prevention URL: http://www.mja.com.au/public/issues/jan18/sachdev/sachdev.html Date Accessed: 1 Jul. 2004 04EMJA- Sachdev et al, Vascular 5. 05Alzheimers Society Information - Vascular Dementia ^Top Abstract: What is vascular dementia? What causes vascular dementia? What are the causes of vascular disease? Stroke and vascular dementia Multi-infarct dementia Binswangers disease Symptoms of vascular dementia Diagnosis Treatment and prevention of vascular dementia Alzheimers Society Information Sheet February 2001 Title: Alzheimers Society Information Sheet - What is vascular dementia? URL: http://www.alzheimers.org.uk/Facts_about_dementia/What_is_dementia/info_vascular.htm Date Accessed: 1 Jul. 2004 05Alzheimers Society Information - Vascular Dementia 6. 06Vascular Dementia - overlay -- ^Top Abstract: A visual of a scan depicting Vascular Dementia. There are only a couple of related links, principally to "The Whole Brain Atlas." Title: Vascular Dementia : overlay -- Slice #20 URL: http://www.med.harvard.edu/AANLIB/cases/case18/mr1-tc1/020.html Date Accessed: 1 Jul. 2004 06Vascular Dementia - overlay -- 7. 07Alzheimer Disease- Related ^Top Abstract: Vascular Dementia What is Vascular Dementia? How does Vascular Dementia affect the person? Who gets Vascular Dementia? What are the risk factors for Vascular Dementia? Risk factors for VaD include1: Is there treatment? For more information: Call your local Alzheimer Society. Visit the Heart and Stroke Foundation of Canada Web site. [This Related Dementia Information Sheet was created by the Alzheimer Society of Canada in collaboration with the Alzheimer Societies of Saskatchewan and British Columbia. The Information Sheet is not intended to replace clinical diagnosis by a health professional.] Footnotes: Vascular Dementia: Incidence and Risk Factors in the Canadian Study of Health and Aging, Réjean Hébert, et al, Stroke, July 2000. Title: Alzheimer Disease: Related Dementias, Vascular Dementia, Stroke URL: http://www.alzheimer.ca/english/disease/dementias-vascular.htm Date Accessed: 1 Jul. 2004 07Alzheimer Disease- Related 8. 08Vascular Dementia- Symptoms - ^Top Abstract: ON THIS PAGE: What is vascular dementia (multi-infarct dementia)? | What are the symptoms of vascular dementia? | What is the prognosis for vascular dementia? Can the condition be treated? | Online Resources | Related Topics Title: Vascular Dementia: Symptoms & Prognosisfile://C:Documents%20and%20SettingsMark%20DurieuxMy%20DocumentsMy%... 02/07/2004
  • 3. Page 3 of 7 URL: http://www.helpguide.org/elder/vascular_dementia.htm Date Accessed: 1 Jul. 2004 08Vascular Dementia- Symptoms - 9. 09Vascular dementia ^Top Abstract: Introduction What is vascular dementia? Causes of vascular dementia Symptoms and diagnosis Prevention and treatment Caring for someone with vascular dementia Useful websites Helplines Acknowledgements Title: Vascular dementia URL: http://www.alzscot.org/info/vasculardementia.html Date Accessed: 1 Jul. 2004 09Vascular dementia 10. 10Vascular Dementia - Alzheimers support ^Top Abstract: Concepts: vascular dementia, strokes, blood, disease, brain, high blood pressure, arteries, blood pressure, heart, risk, blood vessels, symptoms, diagnosis, abilities, common, doctor, history, die, clots, decline. Some Summary Thoughts: Alzheimers disease alone accounts for about 50 per cent. It usually affects people between the ages of 60 and 75 and is slightly more common in men than women. Vascular dementia is a term for dementia associated with problems in the circulation of blood to the brain (cerebrovascular disease). If blood vessels in the brain burst (cerebral haemorrhage), if arteries blocked by plaque formation or clots (thrombosis or embolism), or if there is insufficient blood flow to parts of the brain (ischaemia) brain tissue will die. It is thought that about a fifth of people who have strokes will develop problems involving their mental abilities including dementia. The risk factors for vascular dementia are those associated with all forms of stroke, the most significant of which is high blood pressure (hypertension). Following is an overview of types of vascular dementia, causes, diagnosis and progression. Blockages may be caused by build up of plaque on the inside of the arterial wall or by clots which have broken off, jamming a smaller tributary upstream. Clots can also result from abnormal heart rhythms, or other heart pathology, or can form on the inside of the major cartoid arteries that run up the side of the neck and supply the brain. The symptoms generally do not last for more than a few days, that is why they are called transient. The doctor will look for signs of a stroke by checking for weakness or numbness in the arms or legs and difficulty with speech. Title: Vascular Dementia Alzheimers Outreach URL: http://www.zarcrom.com/users/alzheimers/odem/d4.html Date Accessed: 1 Jul. 2004 10Vascular Dementia - Alzheimers support 11. 11Vascular Dementia - Humana Press ^Top Abstract: Vascular Dementia Cerebrovascular Mechanisms and Clinical Management (2004) Paul, Robert H. (Miriam Hospital, Brown Medical School, Providence, RI) Cohen, Ronald (Miriam Hospital, Brown Medical School, Providence, RI) Ott, Brian R. (Memorial Hospital of Rhode Island, Pawtucket, RI; Brown Medical School, Providence, RI) Salloway, Stephen (Brown Medical School, Providence, RI) Abstract: This volume provides a synthesis of the compelling research that has emerged describing the intricate interrelationships between the pathophysiology of vascular Dementia (VaD) and neuropathological features of other degenerative diseases. Binding together clinical relevant aspects of the disease, this book integrates findings from studies that have focused on the neuropathology, neuropsychology and behavioral neurology of VaD. Unique in its presentation that reviews VaD in depth from basic etiology to clinical practice, this volume will be extremely attractive to both clinicians and researchers in general and behavioral neurology, neuropsychiatry, geriatric psychiatry and clinical neuropsychology. Title: Vascular Dementia - Humana Press URL: http://www.humanapress.com/Product.pasp?txtCatalog=HumanaBooks&txtProductID=1-58829-366-1 Date Accessed: 1 Jul. 2004 11Vascular Dementia - Humana Press 12. 12Vascular Dementia ^Topfile://C:Documents%20and%20SettingsMark%20DurieuxMy%20DocumentsMy%... 02/07/2004
  • 4. Page 4 of 7 Abstract: Vascular Dementia A diagnosis of dementia does not always mean an unavoidable decline. One of the most feared consequences of aging is dementia, a set of symptoms marked by profound memory loss and impaired thinking. Thanks to a lot of research and public education, most people are aware that dementia is not an inevitable part of growing older. In fact, it is most often the result of a specific illness, Alzheimers disease, that strikes many-but by no means all-people in their senior years. The bottom line is that aging does not necessarily lead to "senility," unless Alzheimers or some other disease is present. One of those "other" diseases is vascular dementia..... Caused by blockages and breaches in the brains blood supply that damage the brain, vascular dementia can be prevented and, in some cases, even reversed. Title: Vascular Dementia URL: http://www.memorylossonline.com/pastissues/summer2000/vasculardementia.html Date Accessed: 1 Jul. 2004 12Vascular Dementia 13. 13CADASIL- a new differential ^Top Abstract: Introduction CADASIL is the English acronym for Cerebral Autosomal Dominant Arteriopathy with Subcortical Infarcts and Leukoencephalopathy. Recognized more than a decade ago as a new cerebral vasculopathy (1), and maybe reported 40 years ago by Van Bogaert as an aggressive form of Binswanger’s disease (2), CADASIL has been continously diagnosed in the last years, with more than 50 affected families reported (3). Pathogenesis CADASIL still has an unknown pathogenesis but alterations in the q12 region of chromosome 19 have been detected in some cases (4). Histopathologically, a characteristic eosinophilic granular deposit of an unknown composition has been present in the media of the small penetrating cerebral arteries. This seems to cause vascular obliteration and, consequently, multiple infarcts, mainly in the white matter, basal ganglia and leptomeninges (5). Extracerebral vascular abnormalities have also been noted (6). Title: CADASIL: a new differential diagnosis for vascular dementias - Medstudents URL: http://www.medstudents.com.br/patoclin/artigos/cadasil/cadasile.htm Date Accessed: 1 Jul. 2004 13CADASIL- a new differential 14. 14Dementias ^Top Abstract: Dementias - Vascular Dementia - Multi-Infarct Dementia Vascular dementia: Binswangers Disease Multi- Infarct Dementia: Differential Diagnosis Causes of Vascular Dementia: Other Conditions Relating to the Cause of Dementia: Treatment: Counseling and Psychotherapy [ See Therapy Section ]: Pharmacotherapy [ See Psychopharmacology Section ] : Title: Dementias URL: http://www.psychnet-uk.com/dsm_iv/dementia.htm Date Accessed: 1 Jul. 2004 14Dementias 15. 15Vascular Dementia - Information - ^Top Abstract: Mostly links to elsewhere. Title: Vascular Dementia - Information / Diagnosis / Treatment / Prevention URL: http://www.healthcyclopedia.com/neurological-disorders/dementia/vascular.html Date Accessed: 1 Jul. 2004 15Vascular Dementia - Information - 16. 16UCSF Memory and Aging Center -- ^Top Abstract: Concepts: VaD, dementia, patients, brain, disease, vascular, memory, stroke, deficits, cognitive impairment, evaluation, progress, risk, symptoms, blood, FTD, abnormalities, cerebrovascular, MCI, findings. Some Summary Thoughts: cerebrovascular disease One of the most common attributes of aging is a progressive change in our bloodfile://C:Documents%20and%20SettingsMark%20DurieuxMy%20DocumentsMy%... 02/07/2004
  • 5. Page 5 of 7 vessels (vasculature), and when these changes occur in the brain (cerebrum) they are referred to as cerebrovascular disease. The most common vascular change associated with age is the accumulation of cholesterol and other substances in the blood vessel walls. This results in the thickening and hardening of the walls as well as narrowing of the lumen of the vessels (the space where blood flows), which can result in a reduction or even a complete cessation of blood flow to brain regions supplied by the affected artery. When this occurs suddenly the result is a stroke, with symptoms ranging from weakness, to incoordination, to abnormal sensations, depending on the location of the injury in the brain. In some cases, a sudden loss of cognitive function (such as language, memory, complex visual processing, or organizational skills) can occur. If they result in a permanent cognitive impairment, this is easily recognized by the patient, their family and their physician, because of the obvious relationship of the change to a particular event. Such cases are not usually diagnosed as dementia, but rather the difficulties are appropriately described as residual cognitive impairment from the stroke. what we mean by the term vascular dementia The term Vascular Dementia (VaD) is usually reserved for an insidiously (subtly) progressive worsening of memory and other cognitive functions. In this way and others, VaD patients present with similar symptoms to Alzheimers disease (AD) patients. VaD may progress in a "stepwise" fashion such that initial cognitive deficits (e.g., memory difficulty) plateau for a period of time followed by the sudden onset of more cognitive deficits. Title: UCSF Memory and Aging Center -- Education: Vascular Dementia URL: http://memory.ucsf.edu/Education/education_vad.html Date Accessed: 1 Jul. 2004 16UCSF Memory and Aging Center -- 17. 17Vascular Dementia Factsheet ^Top Abstract: What is vascular dementia? What are the risk factors for vascular dementia? What can be done to prevent or treat vascular dementia? What are the signs and symptoms of vascular dementia? What is the course and prognosis for people with vascular dementia? URL: http://www.pssru.man.ac.uk/Vascular dementia.pdf Date Accessed: 1 Jul. 2004 17Vascular Dementia Factsheet 18. 18UCSF Memory and Aging Center -- ^Top Abstract: VASCULAR DEMENTIA (VaD) The Memory and Aging Center maintains active research protocols studying various aspects of Vascular Dementia (VaD). Described below are current research projects related to VaD. Title: UCSF Memory and Aging Center -- Research: Vascular Dementia URL: http://memory.ucsf.edu/Research/research_vad.html Date Accessed: 1 Jul. 2004 18UCSF Memory and Aging Center -- 19. 19Aspirin for vascular dementia ^Top Abstract: Background: Aspirin is widely prescribed for patients with a diagnosis of vascular dementia; in one study, completed by geriatricians and psychiatrists in the UK, 80% of patients with clinical diagnoses of vascular dementia were prescribed aspirin. However, a number of queries remain unanswered. Is there convincing evidence that aspirin benefits patients with vascular dementia? Does aspirin affect cognition or improve prognosis? In addition, does the risk of cerebral or gastric haemorrhage outweigh any benefit? Objectives: To assess the evidence of effectiveness of the use of aspirin for vascular dementia. Title: Aspirin for vascular dementia (Cochrane Review) URL: http://www.update-software.com/abstracts/AB001296.htm Date Accessed: 1 Jul. 2004 19Aspirin for vascular dementia 20. 20Multi-Infarct Dementia Fact Sheet ^Top Abstract: Contents Introduction Symptoms Diagnosis Treatment Helping Someone With MID For More Informationfile://C:Documents%20and%20SettingsMark%20DurieuxMy%20DocumentsMy%... 02/07/2004
  • 6. Page 6 of 7 Title: Multi-Infarct Dementia Fact Sheet - Alzheimers Disease Education & Referral Center - ADEAR - A Service of the National Institute on Aging - NIA URL: http://www.alzheimers.org/pubs/mid.htm Date Accessed: 1 Jul. 2004 20Multi-Infarct Dementia Fact Sheet 21. MBD Clinical Sociologist ^Top Date Accessed: 2 Jul. 2004Bibliography ^ TopeMedicine - Vascular Dementia : Article by Kannayiram Alagiakrishnan, MD. 1 Jul. 2004<http://www.emedicine.com/med/topic3150.htm>.NINDS Multi-Infarct Dementia Information Page. 1 Jul. 2004 <http://www.ninds.nih.gov/health_and_medical/disorders/multi-infarctdementia_doc.htm>.4th International Congress on Vascular Dementia, Porto, Portugal, 20-23 October 2005. 1 Jul. 2004<http://www.kenes.com/vascular/>.eMJA: Sachdev et al, Vascular dementia: diagnosis, management and possible prevention . 1 Jul. 2004<http://www.mja.com.au/public/issues/jan18/sachdev/sachdev.html >.Alzheimers Society Information Sheet - What is vascular dementia?. 1 Jul. 2004<http://www.alzheimers.org.uk/Facts_about_dementia/What_is_dementia/info_vascular.htm >.Vascular Dementia : overlay -- Slice #20. 1 Jul. 2004 <http://www.med.harvard.edu/AANLIB/cases/case18/mr1-tc1/020.html>.Alzheimer Disease: Related Dementias, Vascular Dementia, Stroke. 1 Jul. 2004 <http://www.alzheimer.ca/english/disease/dementias-vascular.htm>.Vascular Dementia: Symptoms & Prognosis. 1 Jul. 2004 <http://www.helpguide.org/elder/vascular_dementia.htm >.Vascular dementia. 1 Jul. 2004 <http://www.alzscot.org/info/vasculardementia.html>.Vascular Dementia Alzheimers Outreach. 1 Jul. 2004 <http://www.zarcrom.com/users/alzheimers/odem/d4.html>.Vascular Dementia - Humana Press. 1 Jul. 2004 <http://www.humanapress.com/Product.pasp?txtCatalog=HumanaBooks&txtProductID=1-58829-366-1>.Vascular Dementia. 1 Jul. 2004 <http://www.memorylossonline.com/pastissues/summer2000/vasculardementia.html>.CADASIL: a new differential diagnosis for vascular dementias - Medstudents. 1 Jul. 2004<http://www.medstudents.com.br/patoclin/artigos/cadasil/cadasile.htm>.Dementias. 1 Jul. 2004 <http://www.psychnet-uk.com/dsm_iv/dementia.htm>.Vascular Dementia - Information / Diagnosis / Treatment / Prevention. 1 Jul. 2004 <http://www.healthcyclopedia.com/neurological-file://C:Documents%20and%20SettingsMark%20DurieuxMy%20DocumentsMy%... 02/07/2004
  • 7. Page 7 of 7disorders/dementia/vascular.html>.UCSF Memory and Aging Center -- Education: Vascular Dementia. 1 Jul. 2004<http://memory.ucsf.edu/Education/education_vad.html>.. 1 Jul. 2004 <http://www.pssru.man.ac.uk/Vascular dementia.pdf>.UCSF Memory and Aging Center -- Research: Vascular Dementia. 1 Jul. 2004 <http://memory.ucsf.edu/Research/research_vad.html >.Aspirin for vascular dementia (Cochrane Review). 1 Jul. 2004 <http://www.update-software.com/abstracts/AB001296.htm>.Multi-Infarct Dementia Fact Sheet - Alzheimers Disease Education & Referral Center - ADEAR - A Service of the National Institute onAging - NIA. 1 Jul. 2004 <http://www.alzheimers.org/pubs/mid.htm>.. 2 Jul. 2004Report Generated with Net Snippets Software. Copyright 2001-2004 Net Snippets LTD.file://C:Documents%20and%20SettingsMark%20DurieuxMy%20DocumentsMy%... 02/07/2004

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